Module 1 - I101

I101: Using ITS Standards: An Overview

HTML of the PowerPoint Presentation

(Note: This document has been converted from a PowerPoint presentation to 508-compliant HTML. The formatting has been adjusted for 508 compliance, but all the original text content is included, plus additional text descriptions for the images, photos and/or diagrams have been provided below.)

 

Slide 1:

Slide 1: ITS Welcome - see the extended text description below.

(Extended Text Description: Slide 1: Welcome - Graphic image of introductory slide. A large dark blue rectangle with a wide, light grid pattern at the top half and bands of dark and lighter blue bands below. There is a white square ITS logo box with words “Standards ITS Training” in green and blue on the middle left side. The word “Welcome” in white is to the right of the logo. Under the logo box are the words “RITA Intelligent Transportation Systems Joint Program Office.”)

 

Slide 2:

Welcome

Head shot photo of Shelley Row, P.E., PTOE - Director - ITS Joint Program Office

Shelley Row, P.E., PTOE

Director

ITS Joint Program Office

Shelley.Row@dot.gov

Screen capture snapshot of RITA website - for illustration only - see the extended text description below.

(Extended Text Description: Slide 2: Screen capture snapshot of RITA website - for illustration only. Below this image is a link to the current website: http://www.pcb.its.dot.gov - this screen capture snapshot shows an example from the RITA website from June 3, 2011. At the top of the page it shows the RITA logo with the text Research and Innovative Technology Administration - Intelligent Transportation Systems. Below the main site banner, it shows the main navigation menu with the following items: About RITA, Communities of Interest, Contact Us, Press Room, RITA Offices, Site Map, and a Search button. Below the main navigation menu, it shows a sub-navigation menu with the following items: About Us, T3 Webinars, ITS Peer-to-Peer, Resources, Local ITS PCB and Testimonials. Beneath the sub-navigation menu, the page is sub-titled "ITS Professional Capacity Building Program" and is divided into sub-sections such as "Welcome to ITS Professional Building", "News", "ITS Technical Assistance" and "Scheduled T3 Webinars". Again, this image serves for illustration only. The current website link is: http://www.pcb.its.dot.gov)

WWW.PCB.ITS.DOT.GOV

(Note: There is additional text attached to this slide that includes the following introductory information from Shelley Row):

"ITS Standards can make your life easier. Your procurements will go more smoothly and you’ll encourage competition, but only if you know how to write them into your specifications and test them. This module is one in a series that covers practical applications for acquiring and testing standards-based ITS systems.

I am Shelley Row the director of the ITS Joint Program Office for USDOT and I want to welcome you to our newly redesigned ITS standards training program of which this module is a part. We are pleased to be working with our partner, the Institute of Transportation Engineers, to deliver this new approach to training that combines web based modules with instructor interaction to bring the latest in ITS learning to busy professionals like you.

This combined approach allows interested professionals to schedule training at your convenience, without the need to travel. After you complete this training, we hope that you will tell colleagues and customers about the latest ITS standards and encourage them to take advantage of the archived version of the webinars.

ITS Standards training is one of the first offerings of our updated Professional Capacity Training Program. Through the PCB program we prepare professionals to adopt proven and emerging  ITS technologies that will make surface transportation safer, smarter and greener which improves livability for us all. You can find information on additional modules and training programs on our web site www.pcb.its.dot.gov.

Please help us make even more improvements to our training modules through the evaluation process. We look forward to hearing your comments. Thank you for participating and we hope you find this module helpful."

 

Slide 3:

I101: Using ITS Standards An Overview - DOT and RITA logo in lower left hand corner and ITS logo in lower right hand corner

 

Slide 4:

Course Information

  • Prerequisites: None
  • Target Audience:
    • Public sector managers
    • Decision makers

 

Slide 5:

Instructor

Head shot photo of the instructor, Gary Thomas.

Gary B. Thomas, P.E., Ph.D.

Center Director

Texas Transportation Institute

College Station, TX, USA

 

Slide 6:

Curriculum Path (SEP)

Curriculum Path (SEP) diagram. See extended text description below.

(Extended Text Description: Curriculum Path (SEP). A flow chart with six graphic boxes in two rows of three showing the curriculum path for implementing a system that uses standards that are based on the systems engineering process. The first box on the top left is a darker blue and starts with “I101 – Using Standards: An Overview” with a small arrow leading to the second middle top box marked “A101 – Introduction to Acquiring Standards-based ITS Systems” with an arrow leading to the last box on the top row, containing “A102 – Introduction to User Needs Identification.” A long bending arrow leads down and back across to the left side between the two rows of graphic boxes to the first box on the lower left side, which says “A201 – Details on Acquiring Standards-Based ITS Systems” with an arrow leading to the lower middle box, “Understanding User Needs” with three statements below reading “A311a NTCIP 1203 v02,” “A313a NTCIP 1204 v03,” and “A321a TMDD v3.0” with an arrow leading to last box on the lower row, stating “Specifying Requirements” with statement below reading “A311b NTCIP 1203 v02,” “A313b NTCIP 1204 v03,” and “A321b TMDD v3.0.”)

 

Slide 7:

Curriculum Path (Non-SEP)

Curriculum Path (Non-SEP). See extended text description below.

(Extended Text Description: A flow chart of nine box in three rows of three, showing the curriculum path for implementing a system that uses standards that are not based on the systems engineering process. The first darker blue box contains the words “I101 – Using Standards: An Overview” with an arrow leading to the second box in the top row, stating “A101 – Introduction to Acquiring Standards-based ITS Systems” with an arrow leading to the last box “A102 – Introduction to User Needs Identification.” The arrow from this last box curves down and back to the left between the rows leading to the first box on the middle row, which states “A201 – Details on Acquiring Standards-Based ITS Systems” with an arrow leading to the second middle box, stating “A202 – Identifying and Writing User Needs when ITS Standards Do Not Have SEP Content” with an arrow leading to the third box of the middle row, stating “A103 – Introduction to ITS Standards Requirements Development.” The arrow from this last box curves down and back to the left between the rows to point to the left box on the third (bottom) row, which states “A203 – Writing Requirements When ITS Standards Do Not Have SEP Content” an arrow leading to the second box of the last row, stating “A3xxa – Identifying and Writing Specific User Needs for NTCIP 12xx vxx” with an arrow leading to the last box on the third row, stating “A3xxb – Specifying Requirements for NTCIP 12xx vxx.” The last two boxes are denoted with an asterisk that indicates these two modules are expected in year 2 of the training program.)

*Expected in year 2 of training modules

 

Slide 8:

Learning Objectives

  1. Identify the benefits and costs of using standards in ITS projects
  2. Describe the benefits of using the systems engineering process in ITS projects
  3. Identify and address high-level technical and institutional challenges to using standards
  4. Describe the role of ITS standards in ITS applications

 

Slide 9:

What Are Standards?

  • Established norm or requirement about technical systems that establishes:
    • Uniform engineering or
    • Technical criteria, methods, processes, and practices
  • Most standards are:
    • Voluntary
    • Consensus based
    • Open

 

Slide 10:

Activity. Image of hand over a computer keyboard. DOT and RITA logo in lower left corner, Standards ITS Training logo in lower right corner.

 

Slide 11:

Learning Objective #1

Benefits of Using Standards

  • What do you see as possible benefits of using standards?
  • Use the chat pod to answer

 

Slide 12:

Learning Objective #1

What Are ITS Standards?

  • Define how ITS systems, products, and components:
    • Interconnect...
    • Exchange information...
    • Interact.
    • Within a transportation network
  • They are not design standards

 

Slide 13:

Learning Objective #1

Benefits

  • Supports interoperability
  • Supports 940 compliance
  • Minimizes future integration costs
  • Facilitates regional integration
  • Supports incremental measurable development
  • Prevents technological obstacles
  • Minimizes operations and maintenance costs
  • Prepares for emerging technologies
  • Makes procurements easier
  • Makes testing easier

 

Slide 14:

Learning Objective #1

Benefits

Supports interoperability

  • The ability of an ITS system to:
    • Provide information and services to other systems
    • Use exchanged information and services to operate together effectively
  • Analogy: home theater system
A photograph of the back of a high-definition television with many plugs and wires connected to the jacks and inputs. This image illustrates the many different type of communication connections that are used in audio-visual equipment.

Source: Gary B. Thomas

 

Slide 15:

Learning Objective #1

Benefits

Supports interoperability

See extended text description below.

(Extended Text Description: A simple graphic with large oval in the center and six graphic boxes around it, three above and three below. The first box at the top left states “Amplifier,” the middle top box states “Receiver,” and the last top box states “MP3 player.” On the bottom, the first box states “Record turntable,” the middle box states “CD player,” and the last box (in brighter blue) states “Future device?” The center oval states “Audio standards” and each of the boxes is connected to the center oval via small straight lines.)

 

Slide 16:

Learning Objective #1

Benefits

Supports Rule 940 Compliance

  • FHWA rule enacted on January 8, 2001
  • Requires a systems engineering analysis for ITS projects using highway trust funds
  • Seven requirements included in the SE analysis (see supplemental materials)
    • #6 states: Identification of applicable ITS standards and testing procedures

 

Slide 17:

Learning Objective #1

Benefits

Minimizes Future Integration Costs

  • Not locked into proprietary systems
  • Expansion is easier
  • Still allows for innovation

 

Slide 18:

Learning Objective #1

Benefits

Facilitates Regional Integration

  • Makes it easier to communicate with other jurisdictions
  • Reduces miscommunication
  • Improves coordination of field devices

 

Slide 19:

Learning Objective #1

Benefits

Others

  • Supports incremental measurable development
  • Prevents technological obstacles
  • Minimizes operations and maintenance costs
  • Prepares for emerging technologies
  • Makes procurements easier
  • Makes testing easier
  • Minimizes risk

 

Slide 20:

Activity. Image of hand over a computer keyboard. DOT and RITA logo in lower left corner, Standards ITS Training logo in lower right corner.

 

Slide 21:

Learning Objective #1

Costs of Using ITS Standards

  • What do you think are potential COSTS of implementing a standards-based system?
  • Use the chat pod to answer

 

Slide 22:

Learning Objective #2

Systems Engineering Process (SEP)

Systems Engineering Process (SEP). See extended text description below.

(Extended Text Description: Systems Engineering Process (SEP). A graphic of the systems engineering process. The main graphic of the SEP is the V shape in yellow with some additional horizontal extensions on the left and right side of the top of the V. The two left and right extensions and the main V shape in yellow are sub-divided by blue lines. Starting from the left extensions the sections are first “Regional Architecture,” which is separated from the next sections by a white space/curved break, then second “Needs Assessment,” third “Concept Selection,” then a blue "Decision Gate" line and last before the left top of the diagonal part of the V shape “Systems Engineering Management Planning.” At this point the sections begin to descend the left diagonal side of the V shape with a blue "Decision Gate" line, “Concept of Operations,” blue "Decision Gate" line, “System Requirements,” blue "Decision Gate" line, “High-level Design," blue "Decision Gate" line, "Subsystem Requirements,” blue "Decision Gate" line and “Detailed Design.” The juncture at the bottom of the two diagonal portions of the V-shape is designated “Software Coding and Hardware Fabrication” and is separated from each section in the left and right diagonals by blue "Decision Gate" lines. At this point the sections begin to ascend the right side of the V with “Unit Testing,” a blue "Decision Gate" line, “Subsystem Integration,” a blue "Decision Gate" line, “Subsystem Verification,” “System Integration System Verification,” a blue "Decision Gate" line, “Initial Deployment,” “System Validation,” a blue "Decision Gate" line and “Operations and Maintenance.” At this point there is a white space between the top of the diagonal and the horizontal extension. The sections on the right extension from the top of the right diagonal side of the V proceed with “Changes and Upgrades,” a blue "Decision Gate" line and “Retirement/Replacement.” These SEP steps can also be described as parts of phases which are listed across the top of the graphic in a series seven gray gradated boxes: starting at the left “Phase -1 (Interfacing with Planning and the Regional Architecture),” “Phase 0 (Concept Exploration and Benefits Analysis),” “Phase 1 (Project Planning and Concept of Operations Development),” “Phase 2 (System Definition and Design),” “Phase 3 (System Development and Implementation),” “Phase 4 (Validation, Operations and Maintenance, Changes and Upgrades),” and finally at the far right “Phase 5 (System retirement/replacement).” Numerous cross-cutting activities are listed vertically in a gray gradated box with eleven narrow rectangular sections to the left of the V diagram (bottom left side of the entire graphic image). Starting from the top, the list includes: “Stakeholder involvement,” “Elicitation,” “Project Management Practices,” “Risk Management,” “Program Metrics,” “Configuration Management,” “Process Improvement,” “Decision Gates,” “Trade Studies,” “Technical Reviews,” and “Traceability.” There is a long thin arrow pointing down along the left diagonal labeled “Decomposition and Definition.” There is a long thin arrow pointing horizontally to the right at the bottom of the V shape labeled “Life Cycle Time Line.” There is a long thin arrow pointing up along the right diagonal labeled “Integration and Recomposition.” Directly under this line and slightly to the right of the V shape is a key for the blue lines labeled “Decision Gate.”)

 

Slide 23:

Learning Objective #2

Needs, Requirements, and Traceability

  • Focus on the WHAT - not the HOW
  • Every need has at least one requirement
  • Every requirement should trace to at least one need
See extended text description below.

(Extended Text Description: A diagram with three dark gray boxes in a single row. The first box (on the left) is labeled “System Users”. The second box (in the middle) is labeled “User Needs” and is connected by a curved blue one-way arrow back to the first box. The third box (on the right) is labeled “Functional Requirements” and is connect by a curved blue one-way arrow back to the second box.)

 

Slide 24:

Learning Objective #2

Benefits of Using SEP

  • Provides framework and process to verify that the system meets user needs
  • Improved stakeholder participation
  • More adaptable, resilient systems
  • Verified functionality and fewer defects
  • Higher level of reuse from one project to the next
  • Better documentation

 

Slide 25:

Learning Objective #2

How Do Standards Relate to SEP?

  • Primarily used in the design stage of SEP
  • After the concept of operations and initial project planning has been developed
Left side of Systems Engineering Process (SEP) V Diagram. See extended text description below.

(Extended Text Description: The left half of the systems engineering process (SEP) V diagram graphic that highlights the descending side of the “V” diagram. Starting from the left extensions the sections are first “Regional Architecture,” which is separated from the next sections by a white space, then second “Needs Assessment,” third “Concept Selection,” and last before the left top of the diagonal part of the V shape “Systems Engineering Management Planning.” At this point the sections begin to descend the left diagonal side of the V shape with “Concept of Operations,” “System Requirements,” “High-level Design Subsystem Requirements,” and “Detailed Design.” The juncture at the bottom of the two diagonal portions of the V-shape is designated “Software Coding and Hardware Fabrication.” across the top of the graphic in a series four of the seven gray gradated boxes: starting at the left “Phase -1 (Interfacing with Planning and the Regional Architecture),” “Phase 0 (Concept Exploration and Benefits Analysis),” “Phase 1 (Project Planning and Concept of Operations Development),” “Phase 2 (System Definition and Design).” Numerous cross-cutting activities are listed vertically in a gray gradated box with eleven narrow rectangular sections to the left of the V diagram (bottom left side of the entire graphic image). Starting from the top, the list includes: “Stakeholder involvement,” “Elicitation,” “Project Management Practices,” “Risk Management,” “Program Metrics,” “Configuration Management,” “Process Improvement,” “Decision Gates,” “Trade Studies,” “Technical Reviews,” and “Traceability.” There is a large light gray over laid on top of the left diagonal section of the V shape, with a long thin arrow pointing downwards in parallel with the left diagonal section of the V shape, labeled “Decomposition and Definition.” At the bottom is a partial line with words “Life Cycle.”)

 

Slide 26:

Learning Objective #2

SEP-based Standards

  • Early ITS standards were not developed using SEP
  • Some have been redeveloped using SEP
  • SEP-based standards include user needs, requirements, needs to requirements and requirements to design matrices and design solutions
  • SEP-based standards better ensure that systems will be conformant to ITS standards

 

Slide 27:

Activity. Image of hand over a computer keyboard. DOT and RITA logo in lower left corner, Standards ITS Training logo in lower right corner.

 

Slide 28:

Learning Objective #3

Technical and Institutional Challenges

  • What do you think some of the most common technical challenges are?
  • Use chat pod to answer
  • What do you think some of the most common institutional challenges are?
  • Use chat pod to answer

 

Slide 29:

Learning Objective #3

Technical and Institutional Challenges

Technical

  • Gaps in existing skills
  • Inconsistent industry support for standards
  • Conformance to standards
  • Paradigm shift from non-standards based to standards based
  • Paradigm shift from non-SE based to SE-based

Institutional

  • Not everyone in an agency is willing to articulate their needs
  • Resistance to change
  • Not all agencies have bought into regional integration
  • Paradigm shift from non-standards based to standards based
  • Paradigm shift from non-SE based to SE-based

 

Slide 30:

Case Study. A placeholder graphic of a traffic operations center indicating a case study. The image shows a large room with a series of computer work stations in six visible rows leading into the distance. People are seated and working at several workstations. There is a blue rectangle at the top of the image of the traffic operations center with the title “Case Study.” DOT and RITA logo in lower left corner and Standards ITS Training logo in lower right corner.

 

Slide 31:

Learning Objective #3

Lessons From the Field

Functional Integration

  • Develop usable systems that meet user needs, assess user needs, and follow accepted usability engineering practices when developing interactive systems
  • Use ITS standards when developing systems to maximize vendor flexibility and data exchange compatibility and ensure comprehension by agencies

 

Slide 32:

Learning Objective #3

Lessons From the Field

Jurisdictional Integration

  • Create systems and plans that allow information sharing and coordination among regional agencies and states
  • Consider developing an emergency response plan that coordinates command, control, and communications among regional agencies

 

Slide 33:

Learning Objective #3

Lessons From the Field

Legacy Systems

  • Comply with standards and select proven commercial off-the-shelf technology (hardware and software) when possible to save money and facilitate integration with existing legacy systems
  • To identify and resolve system integration issues with existing legacy equipment, plan on adequate development time and thorough system testing to ensure systems are working properly after system integration

 

Slide 34:

Learning Objective #3

Lessons From the Field

Functional integration

  • TriMet (Oregon)
  • Traffic Management Center (TMC) study

Jurisdictional integration

  • Washington, DC metro area
  • Iowa DOT

Legacy systems

  • TriMet

 

Slide 35:

Learning Objective #3

Lessons From the Field

Functional Integration

TriMet's LED signs

  • No TCP/IP standards existed for LED sign interface
  • TriMet provided specs that required vendors to interface with protocols
  • Such compliance ensured a modular and compatible infrastructure
  • Benefits: Supports interoperability, facilitates regional integration, minimizes operations and maintenance costs

 

Slide 36:

Learning Objective #3

Lessons From the Field

Functional Integration

TMC Study

  • 10 states
  • Use of standards allows better coordination of TMC efforts
  • Increased efficiency of traffic and emergency operations
  • Incomplete/inaccessible information is an impediment
  • Benefits: Facilitates regional integration

 

Slide 37:

Learning Objective #3

Lessons From the Field

Jurisdictional Integration

Washington. DC metro area

  • September 11 revealed negative consequences of a lack of coordination
  • No communication between different DOTs or between DOTs and transit agencies
  • Emergency evacuation strategies hampered
  • Benefits: Facilitates regional integration, supports interoperability

 

Slide 38:

Learning Objective #3

Lessons From the Field

Jurisdictional Integration

Iowa DOT

  • Statewide ITS architecture emphasized interoperability between transit agencies
  • Template developed for ITS contracts
  • Transit agencies must agree to terms in contract template
  • Benefits: Supports interoperability, makes procurements easier

 

Slide 39:

Learning Objective #3

Lessons From the Field

Legacy Systems

TriMet's TransitTracker

  • Built upon an existing bus dispatch system and rail central control system
  • Same platform for existing and proposed systems
  • Saved software development time and costs
  • Benefits: Minimizes future integration costs, makes procurements easier

 

Slide 40:

Activity. Image of hand over a computer keyboard. DOT and RITA logo in lower left corner, Standards ITS Training logo in lower right corner.

 

Slide 41:

Learning Objective #3

Lessons From the Field Participant Experiences

  • What lessons have you learned from your own projects?
  • Answer in chat pod

 

Slide 42:

Learning Objective #4

Role of ITS Standards in ITS Applications

Role of ITS Standards in ITS Applications. See extended text description below.

(Extended Text Description: Role of ITS Standards in ITS Applications. A graphic showing the relationship between centers and field devices. The first box on the left side has a blue top portion with a subhead “Information Service Provider” and a lower light gray portion with “Private Sector Traveler Information Services” + “City Web Site” + “State 511 System.” This box is connected to the middle box by a dashed blue arrow pointing to the right “Request for road network conditions” and another dashed blue arrow pointing to the left “Road network conditions,” indicating planned and future data flows. Under these arrows are the words “Center to Center.” The second box has a blue top portion with a subhead “Traffic Management” and a lower light gray box with a traffic management center, “City Traffic Operations Center.” It is connected to the third box on the right by a series of four solid blue arrows indicating existing data flows. The top arrow points to the right and is labeled “Video Camera Control” and the second arrow points to the left and is labeled “Traffic images.” These two arrows are connected by a light blue oval labeled “NTCIP 1205.” The third arrow down points to the left and is labeled “Traffic flow.” The last arrow points to the right and is labeled Traffic sensor control.” These last two arrows are connected with an overlapping light blue oval labeled “NTCIP 1206.” Under these arrows are the words “Center to Field.” The third box on the right has a blue portion with a subhead “Roadway System” with a lower light gray portion including “City Field Equipment.” The top data flow represents video camera control from the TMC to the roadway subsystem and is defined by NTCIP 1205. The bottom two flows represent traffic flow data (from the field equipment) and traffic sensor control (to the field equipment). These are defined by NTCIP 1206. There is a small key indicating that the solid blue arrows are “Existing Flow” and the dashed blue arrows are “Planned and future flow.”)

 

Slide 43:

Review of Learning Objectives

  1. Identify the benefits and costs of using standards in ITS projects
  2. Describe the benefits of using the systems engineering process in ITS projects
  3. Identify and address high-level technical and institutional challenges to using standards
  4. Describe the role of ITS standards in ITS applications

 

Slide 44:

Student Supplement

I101 Using ITS Standards: An Overview. Student Supplement. Smaller version of first introductory cover graphic. See extended description below.

(Extended Text Description: Student Supplement cover graphic. A large dark blue rectangle with a wide, light grid pattern at the top half and bands of dark and lighter blue bands below. There is a white square logo box with words “Standards ITS Training” in green and blue on the middle left side. The word “Welcome” in white is to the right of the logo. Under the logo box are the words “RITA Intelligent Transportation Systems Joint Program Office.”)

  • ITS Standards FAQ
  • General ITS standards reference information
  • ITS Architecture and Standards Final Rule (01/08/01)

 

Slide 45:

Questions? A placeholder graphic with the image of a lit light bulb on the right side, indicating the opportunity to discuss ideas and questions.  DOT and RITA logo in lower left corner; Standards ITS Training logo in lower right corner.

 

Slide 46:

For More Information

RITA/ITS Web site

ITE Web site

ITS Architecture Implementation Program

NTCIP Web site

Systems Engineering Guide for ITS

 

Slide 47:

Next Course

A101: Introduction to Acquiring Standards-Based ITS Systems

The module provides key reference points and information for participants to be able to communicate procurement strategies for standards-compliant systems.