Module 43 - I261

I261: Vehicle-to-Infrastructure (V2I) ITS Standards for Project Managers

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Slide 1:

Welcome - Graphic image of introductory slide. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: Welcome - Graphic image of introductory slide. A large dark blue rectangle with a wide, light grid pattern at the top half and bands of dark and lighter blue bands below. There is a white square ITS logo box with words "Standards ITS Training" in green and blue on the middle left side. The word "Welcome" in white is to the right of the logo. Under the logo box is the logo for the U.S. Department of Transpotation, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology.)

 

Slide 2:

Welcome slide with Ken Leonard and screen capture of home webpage. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: This slide, entitled "Welcome" has a photo of Ken Leonard, Director, ITS Joint Program Office, on the left hand side, with his email address, Ken.Leonard@dot.gov. A screen capture snapshot of the home webpage is found on the right hand side - for illustration only - from August 2014. Below this image is a link to the current website: www.pcb.its.dot.gov - this screen capture snapshot shows an example from the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Development - Intelligent Transportation Systems Joint Program Office - ITS Professional Capacity Building Program/Advanced ITS Education. Below the main site banner, it shows the main navigation menu with the following items: About, ITS Training, Knowledge Exchange, Technology Transfer, ITS in Academics, and Media Library. Below the main navigation menu, the page shows various content of the website, including a graphic image of professionals seated in a room during a training program. A text overlay has the text Welcome to ITS Professional Capacity Building. Additional content on the page includes a box entitled What's New and a section labeled Free Training. Again, this image serves for illustration only. The current website link is: http://www.pcb.its.dot.gov.)

 

Slide 3:

Activity. A placeholder graphic with an image of hand over a computer keyboard to show that an activity is taking place.

 

Slide 4:

I261:

Vehicle-to-Infrastructure (V2I) ITS Standards for Project Managers

 

Slide 5:

Instructor

Headshot photo of Patrick Chan, P.E.

Patrick Chan, P.E.

Senior Technical Staff

Consensus Systems Technologies

Flushing, NY, U.S.A.

 

Slide 6:

Acknowledgements

 

James Misener

Director, Technical Standards

Qualcomm Technologies Inc.

San Diego, CA, USA

 

Thomas Kurihara

TKstds Management

Arlington, VA, USA

 

Slide 7:

Target Audience

  • Public sector managers of surface transportation systems and agencies
    • Understand how to prepare for a connected vehicle environment and how it can address their transportation needs
  • Procurement officials for surface transportation agencies
    • Understand how the standards can help design an implementation to address their transportation needs
  • Decision-makers
    • Understand the impacts of a V2I environment on the transportation system and how they do business
  • Private and public sector users including manufacturers
    • Understand how they may benefit from a V2I environment

 

Slide 8:

Recommended Prerequisite

  • I101: Using ITS Standards: An Overview

 

Slide 9:

Curriculum Path

Curriculum Path: A graphical illustration indicating the sequence of training modules that lead up to and follow each course. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: Curriculum Path: A graphical illustration indicating the sequence of training modules that lead up to and follow each course. Each module is represented by a box with the name of the module in it and an arrow showing the logical flow of the modules and the current module highlighted. This slide focuses on the modules that lead up to the current course. On the left is a light blue box with text stating "I101 Using ITS Standards: An Overview" There is a straight light blue arrow coming out of the right side of the first box to the next box, which is a purple box with the text "I261 Vehicle-to-Infrastructure (V2I) ITS Standards for Project Managers.")

 

Slide 10:

Learning Objectives

  1. Describe the connected vehicle environment
  2. Discuss the V2I environment
  3. Describe the roles of the standards in a connected vehicle environment
  4. Identify and address high-level technical and institutional challenges to deploying a V2I environment
  5. Describe the current status of the connected vehicle environment

 

Slide 11:

Learning Objective #1: Describe the Connected Vehicle Environment

  • Identify a connected vehicle environment
  • List the benefits of a V2I connected vehicle environment

 

Slide 12:

Learning Objective #1

Identify a Connected Vehicle Environment

Transportation Challenges

Identify what is a Connected Vehicle Environment. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: Identify what is a connected vehicle environment - The slide entitled "Identify what is a Connected Vehicle Environment", with the subtitle, "Transportation Challenges in the United States" contains a graphic. The top row contains a gray box entitled "Safety" and stating "33,561 highway deaths in 2012," "5,165,000 crashes in 2012," and "leading cause of death for ages 4, 11-27." To the right of the gray box is a picture of a motor vehicle collision. The second row contains an orange circular icon showing a roadway with an upward facing arrow. To the right of the icon is a blue box entitled "Mobility" and stating "5.5 billion hours of travel delay," and "$121 billion cost of urban congestion." To the right of the blue box is a picture of a multilane freeway with traffic congestion in both directions. The third row contains a green circular icon with the recycling symbol, and two thirds of a car. To the right of the icon is a green box entitled "Environment," and stating "2.9 billion gallons of wasted fuel," and "54 billion lbs. of additional CO2." To the right of the green box is a picture of a single line of cars, with heavy exhaust seen coming from each vehicle. At the bottom left corner of the slide is the text, "Source: US Department of Transportation.")

 

Slide 13:

Learning Objective #1

Identify a Connected Vehicle Environment

Vehicles

  • Have safety devices and sensors
  • Are a navigation device
  • Are a multimedia center

On top, there is a graphic showing a GPS satellite. Below is a graphic showing a gray sports utility vehicle.

In addition, millions of people carry mobile devices today that have Global Positioning System (GPS) and can access data...

Graphic showing a generic smartphone.

 

Slide 14:

Learning Objective #1

Identify a Connected Vehicle Environment What if....

  • Vehicles shared their sensor information with other vehicles and the roadway
  • Vehicles shared their current position with other vehicles and the roadway
  • Vehicles can receive information from the roadway that can reduce the likelihood of incidents
  • Vehicles can receive information from the roadway to improve mobility (e.g., reduce delays)

Graphic shows a male driver driving a vehicle with a female passenger.

 

Slide 15:

Learning Objective #1

Identify a Connected Vehicle Environment

Identify what is a connected vehicle environment. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: Identify what is a connected vehicle environment - The slide fully consists of a graphic of a connected vehicle environment. On the top is a parking garage, next to a four lane highway (two lanes in each direction). Next to the highway is a commuter rail, with a train at a station. Various vehicles are seen, each with a ring of three concentric circles around them, indicating each vehicle is broadcasting information. Additionally, a line connects a wireless radio on the side of the highway and several vehicles, including the train and a transit bus, to indicate wireless communications between the roadway infrastructure and the vehicles. A text box points to the parking garage and states "Example Infrastructure Data: Signal Phase and Timing, Driving 35 mph, 50 Parking Spaces Available." A text box points to one of the vehicles and states "Example Vehicle Data: Latitude, Longitude, Speed, Brake Status, Turn Signal Status, Vehicle Length, Vehicle Width, Bumper Height." At the bottom left corner is the text, "Source: US Department of Transportation.")

 

Slide 16:

Learning Objective #1

Identify a Connected Vehicle Environment

What is the connected vehicle environment?

  • A research program to explore how transportation connectivity can enable applications that provide safety, mobility, and environmental benefits
  • Transportation connectivity consists of
    • Vehicles wirelessly sending information about itself to other vehicles (vehicle-to-vehicle)
    • Vehicles wirelessly exchanging information with the infrastructure (vehicle-to-infrastructure)
    • Vehicles, infrastructure, and other mobile devices wirelessly maintaining real-time connectivity
  • Connected Vehicle Reference Implementation Architecture (CVRIA). http://iteris.com/cvria/

 

Slide 17:

Learning Objective #1

Identify a Connected Vehicle Environment

NHTSA ANPRM

  • August 2014, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) released an Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (ANRPM) and a supporting research report
    • Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (FMVSS) No. 150, to require vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communications capability for light vehicles and to create minimum performance requirements for V2V devices and messages
    • V2V and vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) systems could potentially address 81% of all vehicle crash types
  • Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) by 2016

 

Slide 18:

Learning Objective #1

Identify a Connected Vehicle Environment

In addition to safety, the connected vehicle environment:

  • Can address mobility challenges - address non-recurring congestion through V2V and V2I communications, including reducing crashes
  • Can address environment challenges - increased fuel efficiency and reduced recurring congestion
  • Can lead to a new class of vehicles - connected and possibly autonomous
    • May impact engineering analysis and design
  • V2V will open the gates for V2X: V2I, V2P

Source: US Department of Transportation

 

Slide 19:

Learning Objective #1

Identify a Connected Vehicle Environment

This module focuses on the vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) aspects

  • Module I262 focuses on the vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) aspects
  • Introduces the standards (existing and under development) that will enable the V2I connectivity
  • Allows project managers to begin planning and deploying devices and components that conform to these standards to realize the benefits from V2I connectivity

Photo of four individuals dressed in business attire having a business meeting while seated at a table.

 

Slide 20:

Learning Objective #1

List the Benefits of a V2I Connected Vehicle Environment

Safety Benefits

  • The infrastructure can use information from vehicles to improve safety, such as respond to incidents, remove obstacles, or treat the roadway
  • Vehicles can receive information from the infrastructure to increase situational awareness and reduce the number, reduce the severity, or eliminate crashes by:
    • Driver advisories: upcoming delays or work zones, suggested travel speeds
    • Driver warnings: potential red light violations, potential obstacles in the roadway, ice patches ahead, low bridge clearances
    • Vehicle controls

 

Slide 21:

Learning Objective #1

List the Benefits of a V2I Connected Vehicle Environment

Mobility Benefits

  • Information from the vehicle to infrastructure
    • Real-time traffic probe data for the entire road network to optimize the roadway network
    • Provide improved incident response
  • Information from the infrastructure to vehicles
    • Provide focused, relevant traveler information

 

Slide 22:

Learning Objective #1

List the Benefits of a V2I Connected Vehicle Environment

Environmental Benefits

  • Information from the vehicle to infrastructure
    • Generate and capture real-time environmental data to create actionable information to support green transportation choices
    • Select traffic management strategies based on environmental benefits
    • Improve road weather information and management
  • Vehicles can receive information from the infrastructure
    • Select optimal vehicle speeds or travel routes

 

Slide 23:

Activity. A placeholder graphic with an image of hand over a computer keyboard to show that an activity is taking place.

 

Slide 24:

Learning Objective #1

Which of the following is NOT a method to reduce crashes in a V2I environment?

Answer Choices

  1. Through a website
  2. Through driver warnings
  3. Through infrastructure controls
  4. Through vehicle controls

 

Slide 25:

Learning Objective #1

Review of Answers

A small graphical green and yellow check mark representing correct.a) Through a website
Correct! Information on a website will not prevent crashes in a V2I environment

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.b) Through driver warnings
Incorrect. Driver warnings may be presented to a driver based on information broadcasted from the infrastructure

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.c) Through infrastructure controls
Incorrect. An infrastructure device may perform an action to prevent a crash

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.d) Through vehicle controls
Incorrect. A vehicle may take control based on information broadcasted from the infrastructure

 

Slide 26:

Summary of Learning Objective #1

Describe the Connected Vehicle Environment

  • Identify a connected vehicle environment
  • List the benefits of a V2I connected vehicle environment

 

Slide 27:

Learning Objective #2: Discuss the V2I Environment

  • List the components of a V2I environment
  • Discuss the potential communications technologies that may be deployed in V2I
  • Identify V2I applications
  • Describe the information that needs to be exchanged between the components to support V2I applications

 

Slide 28:

Learning Objective #2

List the Components of a V2I Environment

On-Board Equipment (OBE):

  • Broadcasts a set of "basic" data such as vehicle location, speed, and direction of travel; AND/OR
  • Receives data from other vehicles or the infrastructure

RoadSide Equipment (RSE):

  • Receives a set of "basic" data from an OBE on vehicles;
    AND/OR
  • Broadcasts information to vehicles or other mobile devices

List the Components of a V2I Environment. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: List the Components of a V2I Environment - This slide contains a graphic showing a top-down view of an intersection, with a two-lane, one direction road moving right to left, and a two lane, two-way road moving up and down. All vehicles on the diagram are blue and have two concentric yellow circles centered on the front console of the vehicle to depict each vehicle broadcasting information. Three vehicles are moving right to left, and one is moving up. The upper right corner of the intersection has an orthogonal view of a standard traffic signal in a horizontal layout, which appears to be on the green phase. The upper left and lower right corners of the intersection have an orthogonal view of a standard traffic signal in a vertical layout, both of which appear to be on the red phase. A green horizontal line moves out the right of the lower right traffic signal to a black shaded box, entitled "Traffic Signal Controller." A green line moves out the right of that box as well. There is a bulleted caption near that box saying "Backhaul and Security. Communications to Back Office." There is a vertical green line extending downward from the line between the lower right traffic signal and the "Traffic Signal Controller" box. This line leads to a vertically oriented box entitled "RSE," which has two purple concentric semi circles centered on it to depict the RSE broadcasting information. To the right is a bulleted caption that reads "SPaT Message. Positioning Information. Which Road? Which Lane? Where in Lane? Geographic Intersection Design (GID). Corrections to Positioning. Map Data Message.")

 

Slide 29:

Learning Objective #2

List the Components of a V2I Environment

On-Board Equipment (OBE)

List the Components of a V2I Environment. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: List the Components of a V2I Environment - The slide fully consists of a graphic that shows the in-vehicle portion of a vehicle-to-vehicle architecture. A flow chart is superimposed on the outline of a gray vehicle. At the top of the car reads "In-vehicle components." At the rear of the vehicle is a green shaded box, with text at the bottom that says "This in-vehicle equipment can consist either of a single integrated unit or a discrete set of components." There are four white text boxes within the green box. The upper left text box is entitled "Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC) radio," with the text "Receives and transmits data through antennae." The upper right box is entitled "GPS receiver" with the bullets, "provides vehicle and time to DSRC radio" and "Provides timekeeping signal for applications." The bottom left box is entitled "Memory" and reads "Stores security certificates, application data, and other information." The lower right box is entitled "Safety application electronic control unit" and reads "Runs safety applications." There are two additional text boxes to the right of the green box. The upper text box is entitled "Driver-vehicle interface" and reads "Generates warning issued to driver." The lower text box is entitled "Vehicle's internal communications network" and reads "Existing network that interconnect components." There are arrows between the following text boxes: "GPS receiver" to "Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC) radio," "GPS receiver" to "Safety application electronic control unit," "Safety application electronic control unit" to and from "Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC) radio," "Safety application electronic unit" to and from "Memory," "Safety application electronic control unit" to and from "Vehicle's internal communications network," and "Safety application electronic control unit" to "Driver-vehicle interface." Further, a combined arrow flows from "Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC) radio" and "GPS receiver" to an image of a transmitting antenna at the top of the vehicle that reads "GPS, DSRC antennae." Above the outline of the vehicle is a horizontal blue area encompassing the vehicle entitled "Security System" and reads "Provides and verifies V2I security certificates to ensure trust between vehicles." At the bottom left corner is the text, "Source: Collision Avoidance Metrics Partnership and GAO.")

Source: Crash Avoidance Metrics Partnership and GAO

 

Slide 30:

Learning Objective #2

List the Components of a V2I Environment

RoadSide Equipment (RSE)

List the Components of a V2I Environment. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: List the Components of a V2I Environment - This slide contains a graphic showing the architecture of a Roadside Equipment (RSE) cabinet on a pole. The cabinet is represented by a medium blue box that says "cabinet" in the upper right corner. A vertical light blue pole intersects the top and bottom of the box, with a caption to the right of the bottom portion of the pole reading "Pole." Above the box, to the right of the pole is a black vertical antenna with the caption "GPS, Wireless Antenna." There are five boxes representing architectural components, oriented in two rows, within the cabinet. The first row contains two boxes and the bottom row contains three boxes. The top left box is entitled "Wireless Communication Device" and has a description reading "Receives and transmits data through an antennae." The top center box is entitled "GPS Receiver" and has a description reading "Provides position and time. Provides timekeeping signal for applications." The bottom left box is entitled "Memory" and has a description that reads "Stores security certificates, application data, and other information." The bottom center box is entitled "Application Processing Unit" and has a description that reads "Processing unit that runs the applications." The bottom right box is entitled "Backhaul Modem Device" and has a description that reads "Receives and transmits data with a center." Lines between the architectural components to represent connections are as follows: "Wireless Communications Device" to "GPS, Wireless Antenna", "GPS Receiver" to "GPS, Wireless Antenna", between "Wireless Communications Device" and "Application Processing Unit", between "Application Processing Unit" and "Memory", and between "Wireless Communications Device" and "Backhaul Modem Device." To the right of the graphic is a bullet that reads "Roadside Unit (RSU) - Represents the DSRC radio alone.")

  • RoadSide Unit (RSU) -
    Represents the DSRC radio alone

 

Slide 31:

Learning Objective #2

Discuss the Potential Communications Technologies That May Be Deployed in V2I

Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN)

  • Short to medium range broadcast communications (under 300m)
  • Examples
    • Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC)
    • Wi-Fi
    • Bluetooth, including follow-ons such as AllSeen
    • Maybe LTE-D
    • 3GPP (3rd Generation Partnership Project) investigating using LTE mobile networks for V2X

 

Slide 32:

Learning Objective #2

Discuss the Potential Communications Technologies That May Be Deployed in V2I

DSRC - FCC Definition

  • The use of non-voice radio techniques to transfer data over short distances between roadside and mobile radio units, between mobile units, and between portable and mobile units to perform operations related to the improvement of traffic flow, traffic safety and other intelligent transportation service applications in a variety of public and commercial environments. DSRC systems may also transmit status and instructional messages related to the units involved.
    • Note: An ASTM standard is incorporated into the FCC Rule

Source: Federal Communications Commission, Dedicated Short Range Communications of Intelligent Transportation Services - Final Rule, FR Doc No: 99-30591

 

Slide 33:

Learning Objective #2

Discuss the Potential Communications Technologies That May Be Deployed in V2I

DSRC Frequencies

Frequencies vary in the U.S., Japan, and Europe

  • In the United States, 75MHz of spectrum in the 5.9 GHz band
  • (7) 10MHz Channels (provides the necessary bandwidth)
    • Channel 178 is the control channel
    • Channel 172 service channel for safety data
    • Channel 184 service channel for high powered public safety eligible

 

Slide 34:

Learning Objective #2

Discuss the Potential Communications Technologies That May Be Deployed in V2I

DSRC Advantages

  • Low latency
    • Information can be transmitted at a high rate
    • Critical for most safety applications
    • Data can be transmitted 10 times per second
  • Short to medium range (< 300 meters reliably)
    • Advantage - only interested in messages from nearby devices
    • Higher power permitted for emergency response vehicles (range can be 1 km)
  • No subscription necessary

 

Slide 35:

Learning Objective #2

Discuss the Potential Communications Technologies That May Be Deployed in V2I

Wireless Wide Area Network (WWAN)

  • High-Speed Cellular Data (LTE, LTE-Advanced, 5G)
    • Advantages
      • Provide high bandwidth data communications
      • Widely deployed
      • Increasingly available in vehicles
    • Disadvantages
      • Not suitable for low latency applications
      • Requires subscriptions

 

Slide 36:

Learning Objective #2

Identify V2I Applications

Application

  • A piece of software that processes inputs for a specific use or purpose.
  • Could be burned on a chip
  • It is through applications that we obtain the benefits of a V2I environment

The next several slides list the most cited applications identified by USDOT for V2I:

  • Not all V2I applications are listed
  • Most applications will use its own (device) sensor readings in addition to inputs from other devices

 

Slide 37:

Learning Objective #2

Identify V2I Applications

V2I Safety Applications

  • Curve Speed Warning
    • Informs connected vehicles that it is approaching a curve
  • Red Light Violation Warning (RLVW)
    • Provides connected vehicles approaching an instrumented signalized intersection with information regarding the signal timing and the geometry of the intersection
  • Pedestrian in Signalized Crosswalk Warning
    • Provides connected vehicles about the possible presence of pedestrians in a crosswalk at a signalized intersection
  • Oversize Vehicle Warning (OVW)
    • Uses external measurements taken by the roadside infrastructure, and broadcasts them to connected vehicles

Source: Connected Vehicle Reference Implementation Architecture (CVRIA)

 

Slide 38:

Learning Objective #2

Identify V2I Applications

V2I Safety Applications (cont.)

  • Stop Sign Gap Assist
  • Stop Sign Violation Warning
  • Railroad Crossing Warning (RCW)
  • Reduced Speed Zone Warning (RSZW)
  • Restricted Lane Warnings
  • Spot Weather Impact Warning
  • Warnings about Hazards in a Work Zone (WHWZ)
  • Warnings about Upcoming Work Zone (WUWZ)
  • Transit Vehicle at Station/Stop Warnings

Source: Connected Vehicle Reference Implementation Architecture (CVRIA)

 

Slide 39:

Learning Objective #2

Identify V2I Applications

V2I Mobility Applications

  • Advanced Automatic Crash Notification Relay (AACNR)
    • Enables a connected vehicle to automatically transmit an emergency message when the vehicle is disabled
  • Vehicle Data for Traffic Operations (VDTO)
    • Uses probe data information obtained from connected vehicles to support traffic operations, including incident detection and the implementation of localized operational strategies
  • Intelligent Traffic Signal System
    • Uses both vehicle location and movement information from connected vehicles and infrastructure measurement of non-equipped vehicles to improve traffic signal operations

Source: CVRIA

 

Slide 40:

Learning Objective #2

Identify V2I Applications

V2I Mobility Applications (cont.)

  • Traffic Signal Priority
    • Allows fleet vehicles to request a priority at one or a series of intersections
  • Advanced Traveler Information Systems
    • Provides for the collection, aggregation, and dissemination of a wide range of transportation information, including traffic, transit, road weather, and workzone data
  • Traveler Information - Smart Parking
    • Provides users with real-time location, availability, type (e.g., street, garage, AFV only), and the price of parking
  • Incident Scene Work Zone Alerts for Drivers and Workers (INC-ZONE)
    • Provides warnings and alerts relating to incident zone operations to connected vehicles

Source: CVRIA

 

Slide 41:

Learning Objective #2

Identify V2I Applications

V2I Environmental Applications

  • Enhanced Maintenance Decision Support System (EMDSS)
    • Incorporates road weather data from connected vehicles into the existing Maintenance Decision Support System (MDSS) capabilities
  • Road Weather Advisories and Warnings for Motorists
    • Collects road weather data from connected vehicles to develop short term warnings or advisories to individual motorists
  • Eco-Traffic Signal Timing
    • Optimizes traffic signals for the environment
  • Electric Charging Stations Management
    • Provides an exchange of information between connected vehicles and charging station to manage the charging operation

Source: CVRIA

 

Slide 42:

Learning Objective #2

Describe the Information That Needs to Be Exchanged Between the Components to Support V2I Applications

For this scenario, what data is needed for these applications?

  • Location (latitude, longitude, elevation) from the vehicle
  • Speed and direction of travel from the vehicle
  • Sudden vehicle movements (acceleration rate and brake status) from the vehicle, indicating potential incidents or obstacles
  • Weather data (e.g., temperature, windshield wiper status, vehicle lights) from the vehicle
  • Signal phasing and timing information at signalized intersections
  • Intersection geometry
  • Traveler information - e.g., incident information, travel suggestions

 

Slide 43:

Activity. A placeholder graphic with an image of hand over a computer keyboard to show that an activity is taking place.

 

Slide 44:

Learning Objective #2

Which of the following is not a V2I safety application?

Answer Choices

  1. Red Light Violation Warning
  2. Forward Collision Warning
  3. Curve Speed Warning
  4. Stop Sign Gap Assist

 

Slide 45:

Learning Objective #2

Review of Answers

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.a) Red Light Violation Warning
Incorrect. Involves a vehicle receiving signal timing and geometry information from the infrastructure.

A small graphical green and yellow check mark representing correct.b) Forward Collision Warning
Correct! Forward Collision Warning is a V2V safety application.

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.c) Curve Speed Warning
Incorrect. Involves a vehicle receiving the curve geometrics and current environmental conditions from the infrastructure.

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.d) Stop Sign Gap Assist
Incorrect. Involves a vehicle receiving warnings and alerts about vehicle movement gaps from the infrastructure.

 

Slide 46:

Summary of Learning Objective #2

Discuss the V2I Environment

  • List the components of a V2I environment
  • Discuss the potential communications technologies that may be deployed in V2I
  • Identify V2I applications
  • Describe the information that needs to be exchanged between the components to support V2I applications

 

Slide 47:

Learning Objective #3: Describe the Roles of the Standards in a Connected Vehicle Environment

  • Summarize the benefits of standards
  • Identify the ITS standards to support communications between the components
  • Identify the information and performance requirements that are supported by the ITS standards
  • Identify the hardware specifications supported by USDOT

 

Slide 48:

Learning Objective #3

Summarize the Benefits of Standards

General Communications Requirements

Summarize the Benefits of Standards. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: Summarize the Benefits of Standards - This slide contains three graphics. At the top left corner is a graphic depicting a red sports car. At the bottom right is a graphic showing a four lane roadway, with street lights on the right side of the roadway, and a blue sign that says "Highway Info" on the left. Connecting the two graphics is a graphic of a yellow lightning bolt representing communications between the red sports car and the infrastructure. On the left, the text reads, How do we communicate? Wireless on the same frequency. What language are we using? Agree on the grammar and dictionary. How many people are talking in the room? Talk louder or softer or change rooms or channels. On the right it reads, Required for Deployment: Different manufacturers. How do we trust each other? Authentication.)

 

Slide 49:

Learning Objective #3

Summarize the Benefits of Standards

Standards are Essential!

  • Supports interoperability to maximize potential benefits
    • Interoperability - The ability of two or more systems or components to exchange information and use the information that has been exchanged1
    • E.g., AM/FM radio broadcasts
  • Makes testing easier
  • Helps with the design and procurement of a system

11EEE Std. 610.12-1990: IEEE Standard Glossary of Software Engineering Terminology

 

Slide 50:

Learning Objective #3

Identify the ITS Standards to Support Communications Between the Components

Communications Standards

  • Transmission Standards
    • ASTM 2213-03
    • IEEE 802.11-2012
    • IEEE 1609 Family
  • Interface Standard
    • SAE J2945 Family
    • ISO 19091 Family
  • Data Standard
    • SAE J2735

Identify the ITS Standards to Support Communications between the Components. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: Identify the ITS Standards to Support Communications between the Components - The slide contains a graphic on the right. The graphic contains four squares, each within a larger square. The most inner square is light blue and has text that reads "SAE J2735." The second square surrounds the first square with text above the first square that reads "SAE J2945 Family, ISO 19091 Family" The third square is a slightly darker shade of light blue, encompasses the second square and has text above the second square that reads "IEEE 1609 Family." The fourth square encompasses the third square is a medium shade of blue and has text above the third square that reads "IEEE 802.11-2012.")

 

Slide 51:

Learning Objective #3

Identify the ITS Standards to Support Communications Between the Components

ASTM 2213-03

Standard Specification for Telecommunications and Information Exchange Between Roadside and Vehicle Systems 5 GHz Band Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC) Medium Access Control (MAC) and Physical Layer (PHY) Specifications

  • Describes a MAC and PHY specification for wireless connectivity using DSRC services
    • PHY: the radio chips and the intervening environment in between
    • MAC: the message protocols that allows applications to 'connect' to the PHY
  • Basis for IEEE 802.11p amendment

 

Slide 52:

Learning Objective #3

Identify the ITS Standards to Support Communications Between the Components

IEEE 802.11-2012

IEEE Standard for Information Technology - Telecommunications and Information Exchange Between Systems Local and Metropolitan Area Network-Specific Requirements Part 11: Wireless LAN Medium Access Control (MAC) and Physical Layer (PHY) Specifications

  • Provides wireless connectivity among fixed, portable, and moving stations (STAs) within a local area
  • Supports wireless connectivity in vehicular environments
  • Specifies channel bandwidths, operating classes, transmit power classification, transmission masks, and alternate channel requirements in the 5.9 GHz spectrum
  • IEEE 802.11p amendment is included in IEEE 802.11-2012

 

Slide 53:

Learning Objective #3

Identify the ITS Standards to Support Communications Between the Components

IEEE 1609.x Family

IEEE 1609.0-2013, Architecture (Guide)

  • Describes the architecture and operation of a Wireless Access in Vehicular Environments (WAVE) system based on IEEE 1609 standards and IEEE Std 802.11-2012
  • Enables the development of interoperable low-latency, low overhead WAVE devices that can provide communications in support of transportation safety, efficiency, and sustainability, and that can enhance user comfort and convenience

 

Slide 54:

Learning Objective #3

Identify the ITS Standards to Support Communications Between the Components

IEEE 1609.x Family (cont.)

IEEE Std 1609.2-2013, Security Services for Applications and Management Messages

  • Specifies security processing requirements and application message sets for secure WAVE radio system operation
  • Specifies communications security for WAVE Service Advertisements and WAVE Short Messages and additional security services that may be provided to higher layers

 

Slide 55:

Learning Objective #3

Identify the ITS Standards to Support Communications Between the Components

IEEE 1609.x Family (cont.)

IEEE Std 1609.3-2010, Networking Services

  • Specifies networking services required for operation of a WAVE system that employs standard IPv6 protocol, introduces a WAVE Short Message Protocol (WSMP), and provides a collection of management functions supporting WAVE services

 

Slide 56:

Learning Objective #3

Identify the ITS Standards to Support Communications Between the Components

IEEE 1609.x Family (cont.)

IEEE Std 1609.4-2010, Multi-Channel Operation

  • Specifies extensions to IEEE Std 802.11-2012 MAC layer for multichannel operations, i.e., operating alternately on the control channel and one of several service channels
  • Includes the following features:
    • Channel timing and switching
    • MAC-layer readdressing in support of pseudonymity

 

Slide 57:

Learning Objective #3

Identify the ITS Standards to Support Communications Between the Components

IEEE 1609.x Family (cont.)

IEEE Std 1609.11-2010, Over-the-air Electronic Payment Data Exchange Protocol for ITS

  • Application-level IEEE 1609 standard, communication technology independent, specifies a payment over-the-air protocol referencing ISO standards

IEEE P1609.12, WAVE - Provider Service Identifier Allocation (PSID)

  • Specifies allocations of WAVE identifiers defined in the IEEE 1609TM series of standards
  • Records the Provider Service Identifier (PSID) allocation decisions made by the IEEE 1609 working group, and other identifiers used by the WAVE standards

 

Slide 58:

Learning Objective #3

Identify the Information and Performance Requirements That Are Supported by the ITS Standards

SAE J2735

Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC) Message Set Dictionary

  • Defines messages and data elements

Basic Safety Message (BSM)

  • Message set to be broadcasted by vehicles
  • Part I contains "basic" data elements that are necessary for safety applications and are expected to be broadcasted frequently
  • Part II data elements are broadcasted less frequently as needed or as requested
  • Expected to be broadcasted using DSRC - Can be read by an RSU

 

Slide 59:

Learning Objective #3

Identify the Information and Performance Requirements That Are Supported by the ITS Standards

SAE J2735

BSM Part I includes (partial list):

  • Location (longitude, latitude, elevation) - where it is
  • Positional Accuracy - how accurate is the position
  • Speed - the rate at which the vehicle is moving
  • Transmission - the status of the transmission gears
  • Heading - the direction the vehicle is facing
  • Steering Wheel Angle - the rate for change of direction
  • Acceleration - the rate the vehicle speed is changing
  • Brake System Status - if brakes are being applied

 

Slide 60:

Learning Objective #3

Identify the Information and Performance Requirements That Are Supported by the ITS Standards

SAE J2735

BSM Part II:

  • Part II data elements are broadcasted as needed or as requested
  • Event Flags - indicates an unusual event has occurred. Includes hazard lights, anti-lock brake system activated, traction control system activated, stability control activated, hard braking, stop line violation, external lights changed, wipers changed, flat tire, vehicle disabled, air bag deployment
    • Also indicates if the vehicle is an emergency vehicle on a service call, or a vehicle placarded for and carrying hazardous materials
  • Obstacles - based on vehicle sensors or sudden vehicle movements to avoid a potential obstacle

 

Slide 61:

Learning Objective #3

Identify the Information and Performance Requirements That Are Supported by the ITS Standards

SAE J2735

BSM Part II:

  • Vehicle weight and height (including trailer weight)
  • Exterior Lights - status of lights for environmental purposes or to determine the driver's intent
  • Wipers - rate of wipes
  • Environmental Data
    • Air temperature
    • Sun sensor
    • Air pressure
    • Rain sensor

 

Slide 62:

Learning Objective #3

Identify the Information and Performance Requirements That Are Supported by the ITS Standards

SAE J2735

  • MAP Data Message. Message to provide roadway geometric information - currently only intersection geometry
    • Lane widths, path, location
    • Lane types - driving lanes, crosswalks, special lanes, barriers
    • Lane attributes - allowable movements
  • Traveler Information Message (TIM). Provides focused traveler information to the public
    • Can assign start times, duration and priority
    • Applicable regions or direction of travel
    • Content based on SAE J2540, ITIS Phrase Lists (International Traveler Information Systems)

 

Slide 63:

Learning Objective #3

Identify the Information and Performance Requirements That Are Supported by the ITS Standards

SAE J2735

  • Signal Phase and Timing (SPaT). Provides signal phase and timing information from one or more traffic signal controllers
    • General controller status
    • What movements (by lane) are currently allowed and when will the movement state end
      • Includes signal indication
      • Includes vehicle and pedestrian counts
      • Tied to the MAP data message
  • Signal Request / Signal Status Message (SRM/SSM). Provides signal priority request and status messages for fleet vehicles
    • Uses approach and desired egress lane, and estimated times

 

Slide 64:

Learning Objective #3

Identify the Information and Performance Requirements That Are Supported by the ITS Standards

SAE J2735

  • Probe Messages. Collects, stores and forwards sensor data from along a segment of roadway from the vehicle
  • Emergency Vehicle Alert (EVA). Broadcasts warning messages to other vehicles that an emergency vehicle is operating in the vicinity and additional caution is required
  • Roadside Alert (RSA). Intended for alerting or roadway hazards
  • Intersection Collision Avoidance (ICA). Uses information from vehicles to build intersection collision avoidance systems
  • National Marine Electronics Association (NMEA) Corrections, Radio Technical Commission for Maritime Services (RTCM) Corrections. Used to calibrate GPS locations for vehicles and mobile devices to increase the absolute and relative accuracy

 

Slide 65:

Learning Objective #3

Identify the Information and Performance Requirements That Are Supported by the ITS Standards

SAE J2945 Family

  • Currently titled Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC) Minimum Performance Requirements
  • Each standard (J2945/n) may contain a concept of operations, requirements, information level dialog definitions, and the design content in the form of messages and data elements (defined in SAE J2735) for a specific interface (or set of applications)
    • Defines the operational and performance requirements
      • How often a message is sent (minimum, typical, maximum)
      • Minimum quality requirements

 

Slide 66:

Learning Objective #3

Identify the Information and Performance Requirements That Are Supported by the ITS Standards

SAE J2945 Family

  • J2945/0 will define common requirements for DSRC
    • Includes systems engineering content (Concept of Operations, requirements, message exchanges, and message content)
  • J2945/3 - Placeholder for V2I infrastructure centric applications
  • J2945/4 - Placeholder for MAP/SPAT intersection safety applications
  • J2945/5 - Placeholder for traveler information messages (TIM)
  • J2945/6 - Performance Requirements for Cooperative Adaptive Cruise Control and Platooning
  • J2945/9 - Performance Requirements for Safety Communications to Vulnerable Road Users

 

Slide 67:

Learning Objective #3

Identify the Information and Performance Requirements That Are Supported by the ITS Standards

SAE J3067

Candidate Improvements to Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC) Message Set Dictionary [SAE J2735] Using Systems Engineering Methods

  • An informational report with systems engineering content
  • Includes a concept of operations (user needs), requirements content (including performance content), and design content
  • Includes traceability matrices between user needs, requirements, and design
  • To be used as a template for developing SAE J2945 family and the next revision of SAE J2735

 

Slide 68:

Learning Objective #3

Identify the Information and Performance Requirements That Are Supported by the ITS Standards

ISO TS 19091 Family

  • Under TC 204 - Intelligent transport systems, Working Group 18 -Cooperative Systems
  • Co-operative ITS - Using V2I and I2V Communications for Applications Related to Signalized Intersections
    • Defines the message, data structures and data elements to support exchanges between the roadside equipment and vehicles
    • Provides systems engineering content, including operational use cases, functional and performance requirements, and the design content in the form of messages and data elements
    • Specifies the details of the SPaT, MAP, SSM, and SRM messages in SAE J2735
    • Expected to be balloted in September 2015

 

Slide 69:

Learning Objective #3

Identify the Information and Performance Requirements That Are Supported by the ITS Standards

General Communications Requirements (Using DSRC)

Identify the Information and Performance Requirements that are Supported by the ITS Standards. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: Identify the Information and Performance Requirements that are Supported by the ITS Standards - This slide contains three graphics. At the top left corner is a graphic depicting a red sports car. At the bottom right is a graphic showing a four lane roadway, with street lights on the right side of the roadway, and a blue sign that says "Highway Info" on the left. Connecting the two graphics is a graphic of a yellow lightning bolt representing communications between the red sports car and the infrastructure. On the left it reads, How do we communicate? IEEE 802.11, IEEE 1609.3 What language are we using? SAE J2735, SAE J2945 How many people are talking in the room? IEEE 1609.4. On the right it reads, How do we trust each other? IEEE 1609.2 enables it.)

 

Slide 70:

Learning Objective #3

Identify the Hardware Specifications

Supported by USDOT

Research Qualified Products List

Hardware specifications being used in the Southeast Michigan Test Bed

 

Slide 71:

Learning Objective #3

Identify the Hardware Specifications

Supported by USDOT

Research Qualified Products List (cont.)

 

Slide 72:

Activity. A placeholder graphic with an image of hand over a computer keyboard to show that an activity is taking place.

 

Slide 73:

Learning Objective #3

Which of the following is a data standard?

Answer Choices

  1. IEEE 802.11-2012
  2. IEEE 1609.x Family of Standards
  3. SAE J2735
  4. USDOT FHWA Vehicle Awareness Device Specification

 

Slide 74:

Learning Objective #3

Review of Answers

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.a) IEEE 802.11-2012
Incorrect. IEEE 802.11 is a communications and transmission standard.

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.b) IEEE 1609.x Family of Standards
Incorrect. IEEE 1609.x Family of Standards are communications and transmission standards.

A small graphical green and yellow check mark representing correct.c) SAE J2735
Correct! SAE J2735 is a data standard that describes both messages sets and the data dictionary used by the message sets.

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.d) USDOT FHWA Vehicle Awareness Device Specification
Incorrect. USDOT FHWA DSRC RSU Specifications Document v4.0 is a specification.

 

Slide 75:

Summary of Learning Objective #3

Describe the Roles of Standards in a Connected Vehicle Environment

  • Summarize the benefits of standards
  • Identify the ITS standards to support communications between the components
  • Identify the information and performance requirements that are supported by the ITS standards
  • Identify the hardware specifications supported by USDOT

 

Slide 76:

Learning Objective #4: Identify and Address High-Level Technical and Institutional Challenges to Deploying a V2I Environment

  • Describe technical challenges to deploying V2I
  • Describe institutional challenges to deploying V2I
  • Describe strategies and approaches to acquire and deploy V2I

 

Slide 77:

Learning Objective #4

Describe Technical Challenges to Deploying V2I

NHTSA ANPRM

  • Only applies to V2V communications
    • V2I is not mandated
    • Rulemaking is expected to require light vehicles to support broadcasting and receiving BSM, but not other messages
  • What investments can be made to leverage national deployment of connected vehicles in transportation to improve safety, mobility and the environment?
    • Another technology for collecting information and improving safety, mobility and the environment
    • Take advantage of:
      • National interoperability and functionality not found in today's ITS deployments
      • Real-time data without significant investments

 

Slide 78:

Learning Objective #4

Describe Technical Challenges to Deploying V2I

Standards are Still Evolving

  • Align with NHTSA regulatory decision on V2V deployment and research needs
    • Guidance provided to SDOs to have stable, approved, and published standards by September 2015
  • Updates to standards based on prototypes and field tests
    • For example, there is a "wish list" for Part II data elements from stakeholders
  • Harmonization of protocols and standards with each other and international efforts

 

Slide 79:

Learning Objective #4

Describe Technical Challenges to Deploying V2I

Implementation Issues

  • Vehicles need to be equipped to gain benefits
    • At least one vehicle must broadcast to or receive from the infrastructure
  • Managing the environment and the challenges during the "roll out"
    • Few vehicles will be "fully" equipped
    • Managing the entire range of capabilities - different vehicles have different devices and different capabilities
  • Near-field tracking is possible
  • Not a substitute for decisions based on sound transportation engineering principles

 

Slide 80:

Learning Objective #4

Describe Technical Challenges to Deploying V2I

Testing / Certification

  • Define testing program and certification
    • Conformance testing (to standards)
    • Compliance testing (with regulations or legal requirements)
    • Dependent on the implementation's requirements and applications
  • Degree of maturity of current standards for certification testing (self-testing, third-party testing, establishing accredited laboratories for device testing and certification)

 

Slide 81:

Learning Objective #4

Describe Technical Challenges to Deploying V2I

Regulatory Issues

  • Requirement for coexistence if band sharing with unlicensed users is required by FCC (75 MHz allocation in 5.9 GHz band for safety applications in vehicular environments)
    • December 17, 2003 FCC Report and Order -safety applications have primary status over non-safety applications
  • Government entities - geographic license based on jurisdictional area of operations
  • Non-government entities licensed on application's area of operations
  • Coordination across jurisdictions and boundaries will be necessary

 

Slide 82:

Learning Objective #4

Describe Institutional Challenges to Deploying V2I

Privacy

  • Privacy between users and 3rd parties
  • Can't track a vehicle to its source and destination without appropriate authorization (e.g., electronic payments)
  • IEEE 1609.3 describes the use of changing MAC address at random intervals
  • SAE J2945 standards address this by assigning and changing an identifier on a frequent basis

 

Slide 83:

Learning Objective #4

Describe Institutional Challenges to Deploying V2I

Security

  • Exchange of trusted and authenticated data between users and applications
  • Message validity
    • For example, to authenticate basic safety, traveler information, roadway geometric information (MAP) and signal timing information (SPaT) messages
  • Designing a security certificate management system
    • Based on IEEE 1609.2, which defines how to use, revoke, and refresh certificates

 

Slide 84:

Learning Objective #4

Describe Strategies and Approaches to Acquire and Deploy V2I

Deployment

  • Start considering V2I communications and standards when new ITS equipment and traffic signal controllers are purchased and installed
    • Reliable power supply
    • Secure backhaul communications link
    • Equipment that are NTCIP standards conformant
    • Electronic map or geometric description of the surrounding area in SAE J2735 format
    • Roadside cabinet space to house an external devices
    • Plans for future mounting for a DSRC RSU and other roadside equipment

 

Slide 85:

Learning Objective #4

Describe Strategies and Approaches to Acquire and Deploy V2I

Procurements

  • Develop standards-based specifications
    • Conformance to the transmission standards, interface standards, and data standards required for the implementation
    • Select communications media(s) to be supported
    • Support security infrastructure
  • Develop Test Plans
    • Identify the scope of and the purpose for testing
      • Identify how to verify conformance to the referenced standards
      • Identify the system requirements (e.g., application functions)
    • Identify how testing will be performed

 

Slide 86:

Learning Objective #4

Describe Strategies and Approaches to Acquire and Deploy V2I

Conformance

  • Each standard should have a conformance clause (statement)
    • Understand what the conformance clause means
    • Understand when the conformance clause applies
    • Understand how to test for conformance to the standard
      • There are other PCB modules on testing:
      • T101 - Introduction to ITS Standards Testing
      • T201 - How to Write a Test Plan
      • T202 - Overview of Test Design Specifications, Test Cases and Test Procedures

 

Slide 87:

Activity. A placeholder graphic with an image of hand over a computer keyboard to show that an activity is taking place.

 

Slide 88:

Learning Objective #4

What is a challenge to deploying connected vehicles during the initial "rollout"?

Answer Choices

  1. Each automobile vendor uses its own protocol
  2. There have been no field tests of connected equipment
  3. No expected rule requiring vehicles be equipped
  4. Very few vehicles are equipped

 

Slide 89:

Learning Objective #4

Review of Answers

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.a) Each automobile vendor uses its own protocol
Incorrect. Standards have been developed.

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.b) There has been no field tests of connected equipment
Incorrect. Numerous field tests have been conducted using connected equipment.

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.c) No expected rule requiring vehicles be equipped
Incorrect. NHTSA has proposed rulemaking requiring light vehicles be equipped.

A small graphical green and yellow check mark representing correct.d) Very few vehicles are equipped
Correct! During the rollout, very few vehicles are expected to be equipped.

 

Slide 90:

Summary of Learning Objective # 4

Identify and Address Technical and Institutional Challenges to Deploying a V2I Environment

  • Describe technical challenges to deploying V2I
  • Describe institutional challenges to deploying VI
  • Describe strategies and approaches to acquire and deploy V2I

 

Slide 91:

Learning Objective #5: Describe the Current Status of the Connected Vehicle Environment

  • Introduce standards and research activities underway
  • Provide key schedule milestones for the connected vehicle environment
  • List resources for further reading and information
  • Note: as of June 2015

 

Slide 92:

Learning Objective #5

Introduce Standards and Research Activities Underway

IEEE 802.11-2012

  • 802.11RevMc scheduled for review and comment in March 2016
    • Assess potential changes needed for alignment to any NHTSA proposed rulemaking

 

Slide 93:

Learning Objective #5

Introduce Standards and Research Activities Underway

IEEE 1609 Family

  • P1609.2 - converting to use ASN.1 for next revision (2015)
  • P1609.3 - Miscellaneous Corrections (2015)
  • P1609.11 - Plan revisions if needed following publication of referenced ISO standards revisions
  • P1609.12 - May consider revision before 4Q2015 - essential for operation of DSRC radio system

 

Slide 94:

Learning Objective #5

Introduce Standards and Research Activities Underway

SAE DSRC Technical Committee

  • Acceleration of standards to support NHTSA V2V Rulemaking Activities
  • SAE J2735
    • Possible reconsideration of BSM elements based on pilot deployments
    • Considering changes for the Signal Request Message and Signal Status Message
  • SAE J2945
    • J2945/3 - Placeholder for V2I infrastructure centric applications
    • J2945/4 - Placeholder for MAP/SPAT intersection safety applications
    • J2945/5 - Placeholder for traveler information messages (TIM)
    • Other J2945/n as efforts warrant

 

Slide 95:

Learning Objective #5

Introduce Standards and Research Activities Underway

Security Credential Management System (SCMS)

  • October 2014, NHTSA released a Request For Information seeking information related to the security system to support V2I operations
    • Noted that the security system will not be established by NHTSA regulation
    • Envision a V2I SCMS to support trusted, safe/secure V2I communications and to protect driver privacy appropriately
    • A SCMS Manager for managing Certificate Management Entities (CME)
  • Designed to protect the security and privacy of data exchanges in the CV environment
  • Will reference IEEE 1609.2

 

Slide 96:

Learning Objective #5

Introduce Standards and Research Activities Underway

Certification Testing

  • USDOT released a Request For Applications (RFA) in June 2014 to establish a certification environment for connected vehicle devices and applications
    • Intent to enter a cooperative agreement with one or more existing facilities to conduct qualification and certification testing for connected devices
  • Proposed device and application certification that includes:
    • Environmental Capabilities (e.g., temperature, vibration, weather);
    • Communication Protocol Capabilities (e.g., DSRC interoperability);
    • Interface Abilities (e.g., message syntax and content)
    • Overall Application Abilities (i.e., verifies the system level function)
    • SCMS

Source: US Department of Transportation

 

Slide 97:

Learning Objective #5

Introduce Standards and Research Activities Underway

USDOT

 

Slide 98:

Learning Objective #5

Introduce Standards and Research Activities Underway

V2I Deployment Coalition

  • Forming a deployment coalition to support implementation
    • Members include AASHTO, ITE, ITS America
  • Represent and address stakeholder needs
  • Forum to offer assistance in deploying V2I
  • Dissemination of tools, reference materials, and other technical assistance

 

Slide 99:

Learning Objective #5

Introduce Standards and Research Activities Underway

Connected Vehicles Research

  • Southeast Michigan Test Bed
    • Real-world, operational conditions to test applications, services and components using the latest standards and architecture
  • USDOT Connected Vehicle PlugFests. Events where devices can be tested for interoperability using standards
  • Dynamic Mobility Applications (DMA)
  • Data Capture and Management (DCM)
  • Applications for the Environment: Real-Time Information Synthesis (AERIS)
  • Road Weather Connected Vehicle Applications

 

Slide 100:

Learning Objective #5

Provide Key Schedule Milestones for the Connected Vehicle Environment

NHTSA

  • February 3rd, 2014 - Decision to move forward with V2V communications for light vehicles
  • August 18, 2014 - USDOT issues Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking to Begin Implementation of Vehicle-to-Vehicle Communications Technology
  • Decision on heavy vehicles was expected end 2014
  • Sent letters to IEEE and SAE asking that these standards be updated and mature by end of 2015 for deployment purposes

 

Slide 101:

Activity. A placeholder graphic with an image of hand over a computer keyboard to show that an activity is taking place.

 

Slide 102:

Learning Objective #5

What is the current status of connected vehicle standards?

Answer Choices

  1. The standards are stable so no revisions are needed
  2. The standards are being revised based only on lessons learned from pilot deployments and field tests
  3. The standards are being revised based only on existing USDOT regulations
  4. The standards are being revised based on lessons learned and harmonization with each other

 

Slide 103:

Learning Objective #5

Review of Answers

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.a) The standards are stable so no revisions are needed
Incorrect. The standards are currently being revised based on lessons learned from pilot deployments and harmonization.

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.b) The standards are being revised based only on lessons learned from pilot deployments
Incorrect. The standards are being revised based on lessons learned and harmonization efforts.

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.c) The standards are being revised based only on current USDOT regulations
Incorrect. There are no current USDOT regulations regarding the connected vehicles environment.

A small graphical green and yellow check mark representing correct.d) The standards are being revised based on lessons learned and harmonization with each other
Correct! The standards are being revised based on field tests and to harmonize the standards with each other.

 

Slide 104:

Learning Objective #5

List Resources for Further Reading and Information

Connected Vehicle Reference Implementation Architecture (CVRIA)

  • A reference framework that spans all ITS standards activities and provides a means of detecting gaps, overlaps and inconsistencies between the standards
  • Can be used as a resource for planning or deployment
    • Includes an application list, which will include emerging application requirements and standards to be considered for deployment for each application
  • Will be migrated to the next major revision of the US National ITS Architecture
  • Connected Vehicle Reference Implementation Architecture (CVRIA). http://iteris.com/cvria/

 

Slide 105:

Learning Objective #5

List Resources for Further Reading and Information (cont.)

AASHTO Connected Vehicle Field Infrastructure Footprint Analysis

List Resources for Further Reading and Information. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: List Resources for Further Reading and Information - The right side of the slide contains a snapshot of a book. There is a gold stripe at the top. Below that is a wide green stripe with the title "AASHTO Connected Vehicle Field Infrastructure Footprint Analysis." Below that is a yellow/white shade with a subtitle that reads "Preparing to Implement a Connected Vehicle Future." Below that is the AASHTO logo. Below that is a series of logos, one of which is a Canadian Flag. At the bottom is a green stripe.)

 

Slide 106:

Learning Objective #5

List Resources for Further Reading and Information (cont.)

ITS Standards

  • ASTM E2213 - 03 (2010) - Standard Specification for Telecommunications and Information Exchange Between Roadside and Vehicle Systems - 5 GHz Band Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC) Medium Access Control (MAC) and Physical Layer (PHY) Specifications, ASTM, http://www.astm.org/Standards/E2213.htm
  • IEEE 802.11-2012 -IEEE Standard for Information technology -Telecommunications and information exchange between systems. Local and metropolitan area networks - Specific requirements Part 11: Wireless LAN Medium Access Control (MAC) and Physical Layer (PHY) Specifications, IEEE, http://standards.ieee.org/about/get/802/802.11.html
  • IEEE 1609 Family of Standards for Wireless Access in Vehicular Environments (WAVE), IEEE, http://standards.ieee.org/develop/wg/1609 WG.html

 

Slide 107:

Learning Objective #5

List Resources for Further Reading and Information (cont.)

ITS Standards

 

Slide 108:

Learning Objective #5

List Resources for Further Reading and Information (cont.)

Resources for Further Reading

 

Slide 109:

Summary of Learning Objective # 5

Describe the Current Status of the Connected Vehicle Environment

  • Introduce standards and research activities underway
  • Provide key schedule milestones for the connected vehicle environment
  • List resources for further reading and information

 

Slide 110:

What We Have Learned

1) The connected vehicle environment is about transportation connectivity.

2) The V2I environment consists of on-board units and roadside units broadcasting information to support:

  1. safety applications
  2. mobility applications
  3. and environmental, applications

 

Slide 111:

What We Have Learned

3) Connected vehicle standards are critical to support interoperability .

4) Some of the institutional issues are:

  1. security
  2. privacy
  3. and data ownership

5) Standards maintenance is continuing to include new requirements and to incorporate lessons learned.

 

Slide 112:

Questions? A placeholder graphic image with word Questions? at the top, and an image of a lit light bulb on the lower right side.