Module 57 - CV T160

CV T160: Connected Vehicle Certification Testing Introduction

HTML of the PowerPoint Presentation

(Note: This document has been converted from a PowerPoint presentation to 508-compliant HTML. The formatting has been adjusted for 508 compliance, but all the original text content is included, plus additional text descriptions for the images, photos and/or diagrams have been provided below.)

 

Slide 1:

Welcome - Graphic image of introductory slide. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: Welcome - Graphic image of introductory slide. A large dark blue rectangle with a wide, light grid pattern at the top half and bands of dark and lighter blue bands below. There is a white square ITS logo box with words "Standards ITS Training - Transit" in green and blue on the middle left side. The word "Welcome" in white is to the right of the logo. Under the logo box is the logo for the U.S. Department of Transportation, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology.)

 

Slide 2:

Welcome slide with Ken Leonard and screen capture of home webpage. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: This slide, entitled "Welcome" has a photo of Ken Leonard, Director, ITS Joint Program Office, on the left hand side, with his email address, Ken.Leonard@dot.gov. A screen capture snapshot of the home webpage is found on the right hand side - for illustration only - from August 2014. Below this image is a link to the current website: www.pcb.its.dot.gov - this screen capture snapshot shows an example from the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Development - Intelligent Transportation Systems Joint Program Office - ITS Professional Capacity Building Program/Advanced ITS Education. Below the main site banner, it shows the main navigation menu with the following items: About, ITS Training, Knowledge Exchange, Technology Transfer, ITS in Academics, and Media Library. Below the main navigation menu, the page shows various content of the website, including a graphic image of professionals seated in a room during a training program. A text overlay has the text Welcome to ITS Professional Capacity Building. Additional content on the page includes a box entitled What's New and a section labeled Free Training. Again, this image serves for illustration only. The current website link is: http://www.pcb.its.dot.gov.)

 

Slide 3:

CV T160:

Connected Vehicle Certification Testing Introduction

Title slide is entitled CV T160 Connected Vehicle Certification Testing Introduction. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: Title slide is entitled CV T160 Connected Vehicle Certification Testing Introduction. A photo below the title depicts a test vehicle equipped with an On Board Unit and antenna communicating to a Roadside Unit mounted on a vertical radio mast with test personnel and equipment stationed at the base of the mast.)

 

Slide 4:

Instructor

Headshot photo of Dave Miller

Dave Miller

Principal Systems Engineer

Siemens Industry Inc.

Austin, TX, USA

 

Slide 5:

Learning Objectives

  • Identify Connected Vehicle (CV) equipment needed for a signalized intersection
  • Review USDOT Requirements Specifications for RSU hardware and software for procurement
  • Understand the role of Certification Testing within the context of a systems lifecycle
  • Develop a Certification Plan

 

Slide 6:

Learning Objective 1

  • Identify Connected Vehicle (CV) equipment needed for a signalized intersection

 

Slide 7:

Review of Previous Modules

What Is a Connected Vehicle (CV)?

Safety System: "Connected vehicles enable safe, interoperable networked wireless communications among vehicles, the infrastructure, and passengers' personal communications devices." -USDOT

CV ≠ Autonomous

  • Automated Vehicles (AV)
  • AV is Autopilot system
  • CV is a Safety System
  • CV predicts incidences
  • Drivers use CV as input
  • AV uses CV as input

This slide contains an overlapping collage of four overlapping photographs. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: This slide contains an overlapping collage of four overlapping photographs. The upper left photo depicts a bus following a yellow taxi, both emitting yellow radio waves. The upper center photo depicts a person holding a smart phone with a screen showing a bus application. The upper right photo depicts the cockpit of a private vehicle with a rear view mirror acting as a driver interface communicating to the vehicles ahead via yellow radio waves. The lower left photo depicts an aerial view of a bus surrounded by cars, all emitting yellow radio waves. The lower right photo depicts a close up of a vehicle navigation screen showing a COLLISION ALERT on the screen.)

Source: USDOT

Source: NYCDOT

 

Slide 8:

Review of Previous Modules

A Paradigm Shift...

This slide contains a single graphic overlooking a signalized intersectio. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: This slide contains a single graphic overlooking a signalized intersection with two buses and multiple cars traveling through horizontally and multiple cars stopped at the intersection vertically. Each vehicle is surrounded by emitted yellow radio waves.)

Source: USDOT

 

Slide 9:

Review of Previous Modules

Completed Modules on Connected Vehicle

This slide includes one graphic in the upper right depicting an overhead view of an un-signalized intersection. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: This slide includes one graphic in the upper right depicting an overhead view of an un-signalized intersection with a truck, followed by a bus, both to the right of a car, all emitting yellow radio waves. Additional text is as follows:

  • CV / I261: V2V ITS Standards for Project Managers

Location Service Inputs

  • GPS
  • Vehicle System Sensors
  • Dead Reckoning
  • Others

Over-the-Air Messages Transmitted

  • SAE J2735 BSM

Over-the-Air Messages Received

  • SAE J2735 BSM (From Private Vehicles)

Available at Professional Capacity Building (PCB) Website: https://www.pcb.its.dot.gov/stds_modules.aspx

)

Source: USDOT

Background information icon indicates general knowledge that is available elsewhere and is outside the module being presented.

 

Slide 10:

Review of Previous Modules

Completed Modules on Connected Vehicle

  • CV / I262: V2I ITS Standards for Project Managers

This slide depicts a the same graphic as slide #9. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: This slide depicts a the same graphic as slide #9, but with traffic signals displayed as the vehicle approaches, plus an Roadside Unit connected to a traffic signal control cabinet. Additional text is as follows:

Over-the-Air Messages Transmitted

  • SAE J2735 SPaT
  • SAE J2735 MAP
  • SAE J2735 TIM

Over-the-Air Messages Received

  • SAE J2735 BSM

Backhaul

  • RSU Status
  • Agency Data

USDOT V2I Hub ICD

  • Current signal states
  • Min countdown to change
  • Max countdown to change

Available at PCB Website: https://www.pcb.its.dot.gov/stds_modules.aspx

Source: USDOT

)

Background information icon indicates general knowledge that is available elsewhere and is outside the module being presented.

 

Slide 11:

Review of Previous Modules

Key Concepts: On-Board Equipment (OBE)

This slide depicts a graphical side view of a sport-utility vehicle with a green box indicating the elements of the On-Board Unit (OBU). Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: Author's relevant description: This slide depicts a graphical side view of a sport-utility vehicle with a green box indicating the elements of the On-Board Unit (OBU), comprised of Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC) radio, GPS Receiver, Memory, and Safety application electronic control unit. In addition one white box indicating driver interface and another white box indicating the vehicle system. On top of the vehicle an antenna is shown emitting gray radio waves to a blue cloud above depicting the security system, which provides and verifies V2V security certificates to ensure trust between vehicles.)

Source: USDOT

 

Slide 12:

Review of Previous Modules

Key Concepts: Roadside Equipment (RSE)

This slide depicts two outdoor electrical assemblies mounted to a vertical pole. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: Author's relevant description: This slide depicts two outdoor electrical assemblies mounted to a vertical pole. The left-most electrical device is the Roadside Unit as a blue box showing the elements contained within. The right-most electrical device is the cabinet showing the elements contained within the cabinet. A black GPS wireless antenna cable is shown exiting vertically from the RSU blue box. The Roadside Unit (RSU) contains the Wireless Communications Device, GPS Receiver, Memory, Application Processing Unit. The cabinet contains the Controller Unit (CU) and Backhaul Modem Device.)

Source: USDOT

 

Slide 13:

Review of Previous Modules

Key Concepts: Communication and Standards

General Communications Requirements

This slide depicts a red vehicle in the upper left and a gray vehicle at the lower right. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: This slide depicts a red vehicle in the upper left and a gray vehicle at the lower right. A yellow lightning bolt graphic is shown connecting the two vehicles. On the left is the text:

How do we communicate?
IEEE 802.11, IEEE 1609.3

What language are we using?
SAE J2735, SAE J2945

How many people are talking in the room?
IEEE 1609.4

On the right is the text:

How do we trust each other?
IEEE 1609.2 enables it

)

Source: USDOT

 

Slide 14:

Connected Vehicle (CV) Terminology

Architecture

  • Controller / Signals
    • 60 Hz Time base
  • Backhaul to TMC
    • WAN of Controllers
    • Optional for Solos
    • NIST Time Service

This slide includes an animation: Initially a gray box is shown at the upper middle that includes a traffic operator in front of a screen. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: Author's relevant description: This slide includes an animation: Initially a gray box is shown at the upper middle that includes a traffic operator in front of a screen, a traffic server connected to an ATC and Time Server. The ATC is also connected to a three-section signal head. The first click adds to the above a network switch connected to the ATC and an RSU with yellow lightning bolts to Class 1, 2, and 3 OBUs, plus a driver interface and a GPS satellite. The second click adds a Master Server connected to the network switch and to a flat panel display that is attended by a traffic management operator. The third click adds a transit server connected to a network switch as well as to a flat panel display that is attended by a Transit operator. The fourth click adds a Research Data Exchange server connected to the Master Server, as well as to a flat panel display attended by research staff.)

Source: Siemens Industry Inc.

 

Slide 15:

Connected Vehicle (CV) Terminology

Why Do We Need a CV Certification Testing Process?

This slide contains a graphic to the right depicting one page of a Certification Plan Document. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: This slide contains a graphic to the right depicting one page of a Certification Plan Document. To the left is the text:

  • Certification testing process ensures that communications between vehicle and roadside equipment are Private, Secure, and Interoperable.
  • Develop a Certification Plan based on relevant CV Environment:
    • Roadside Unit (RSU)
    • On-Board Unit - OBU
    • IEEE 829-2008 Formats
    • USDOT Requirements

)

 

Slide 16:

Connected Vehicle (CV) Terminology

Roadside Equipment - RSE

This slide has a graphic overlooking a signalized intersection. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: Author's relevant description: This slide has a graphic overlooking a signalized intersection with blue radio waves emitted from the roadside unit and with yellow radio waves emitted from vehicles located on each approach to the intersection. To the right is a photo of a Roadside Unit mounted vertically on an outdoor metal pole. Red arrows connect the name of each RSU element in a bulleted list to the elements shown in the RSU photo. The bulleted items are listed below:

  • Antennas
  • Roadside Unit - RSU
  • Lightning suppression
  • Backhaul communication

)

 

Slide 17:

Roadside Unit - RSU

DSRC - Dedicated Short-Range Communications

This slide has animations. The slide initially has no graphics. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: Author's relevant description: This slide has animations. The slide initially has no graphics. Click 1 adds a light blue triangle named "Traffic Controller Equipment" and a graphic signal head inside the triangle. A red circle labeled "1" is located to the right of the triangle. Click 2 adds a green triangle labeled "In-Vehicle/Mobile Equipment" with two cars and a bus inside the triangle. A red circle labeled "2" is located to the right of the triangle. Both the triangle and the red circle are located below and to the right of the light blue triangle. Click 3 adds a dark blue triangle labeled "Backhaul Network" with six rack servers inside the triangle. A red circle labeled "3" is located to the left of the dark blue triangle. Both the triangle and the red circle are located below and to the left of the light blue triangle. Click 4 adds a second light blue triangle with a red outline located in the center and connecting the three prior triangles. This second light blue triangle includes a graphic of a radio tower with radio waves emitting from the top of the tower.)

Purpose of DSRC RSU

  • RSU facilitates communication between transportation infrastructure and vehicles and other mobile devices by exchanging data over DSRC in compliance with industry standards
  • Certification:
    • DSRC Roadside Unit
    • DSRC Onboard Unit

Cooperative System (CoS)

  • Integrated through RSU

Source: USDOT DSRC Requirements

 

Slide 18:

Infrastructure Roadside Equipment

This slide has a photo of an RSU installed on a metal pole in the upper right. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: Author's relevant description: This slide has a photo of an RSU installed on a metal pole in the upper right. A photo of the internal layout of a traffic cabinet is in the lower right. A light blue line connects the Ethernet port of the Controller Unit to the input Ethernet port of the Power over Ethernet injector located on the same shelf of the Controller Unit. A second light blue line connects the output Ethernet connector of the Power over Ethernet injector to the lower surface of the RSU shown in the upper photo. A red circle labeled 1 is located in the upper left that correlates to the same of slide 17. Bulleted items are listed below, which point to relevant elements of the photos:

1 - Typical RSE

  • Antennas, lightning suppression
  • Roadside Unit (RSU)
    • Certification Required
  • Backhaul communication
  • Controller:
    • Signalized intersection CV apps
    • Not used midblock, exits, speed
  • Power over Ethernet (PoE) injector
  • V2I Hub Interface Control Document
    • USDOT Open Source Portal
    • Current signal Phase states
    • Min and Max countdown
    • No controller timestamp

)

 

Slide 19:

Roadside Unit - RSU

DSRC RSU Performs Two Core Functions

  1. Provide IPv6 access to remote network hosts
  2. Broadcast and receive messages as defined in SAE J2735

This slide has an RSU shown at the right-hand side. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: This slide has an RSU shown at the right-hand side, with the text: RSU uses NEMA 4-X rated enclosure. On the RSU is the text RSU - Processing/permanent storage capacity - Integrated GPS receiver for positioning and timing.)

Source: Siemens Industry Inc

 

Slide 20:

Roadside Unit - RSU

RSU Mounting Details

  • Housed inside cabinet or outside on pole
  • Antennas have line-of-sight to vehicle lanes
  • Outdoor CAT6 cable connected to PoE injector in RSE cabinet
  • PoE Injector adds +48 VDC power on the Ethernet cable to power the RSU

Photo of an RSU mounted overhead on a horizontal gantry.

Photo of an RSU mounted on a vertical metal pole.

Source: Siemens Industry Inc.

 

Slide 21:

Roadside Unit - RSU

Antennas and Cabling: RSU on Gantry

This slide has a wiring diagram of an RSU with separate antennas. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: Author's relevant description: This slide has a wiring diagram of an RSU with separate antennas connected by antenna cables remotely from the RSU housing mounted outside the electrical cabinet.)

Source: USDOT

 

Slide 22:

Roadside Unit - RSU

Antennas and Cabling: RSU in RSE Cabinet

This slide has a wiring diagram of an RSU with separate antennas. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: Author's relevant description: This slide has a wiring diagram of an RSU with separate antennas connected by antenna cables remotely from the RSU housing mounted inside the electrical cabinet.)

Source: USDOT

 

Slide 23:

Roadside Unit - RSU

RSU Installations

  • Antennas have line-of-sight to vehicle lanes

This slide has a photo in the lower left of an RSU mounted on an overhead horizontal gantry. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: Author's relevant description: This slide has a photo in the lower left of an RSU mounted on an overhead horizontal gantry. This slide also has a photo in the lower center of an RSU strapped to a vertical square pole with blue radio waves emitting from the RSU. This slide also has a photo in the lower right of an RSU mounted to a vertical round metal pole.)

Example icon. Can be real-world (case study), hypothetical, a sample of a table, etc.

 

Slide 24:

Roadside Unit - RSU

Signal Phase and Timing - SPaT

  • Traffic signals are sharing messages between all nearby vehicles, infrastructure, and even pedestrian cell phones
  • SPaT in real-time: Matches visible signals within 50mS

This slide has a graphic at the lower left of a typical private vehicle dashboard and view ahead through the windshield. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: Author's relevant description: This slide has a graphic at the lower left of a typical private vehicle dashboard and view ahead through the windshield of a signalized intersection ahead. The navigation screen of the dashboard states "STOP AHEAD" along with white audible sound waves emitting from the navigation screen and yellow radio waves emitting from the RSU ahead on the signal pole. This slide also has a graphic at the lower left of a vehicle proceeding through a signalized intersection showing yellow, double-ended arrows depicting two-way communications from the traffic signal to and from a white car, a black car, a bus and a pedestrian carrying a smart phone.)

 

Slide 25:

On-Board Unit - OBU

2 On-Board Unit (OBU)

  • On Board Unit (OBU) - Mobile Component of CV Communications:
    • Class 1: Part of vehicle system
    • Class 2: Aftermarket device
    • Class 3: Nomadic device, e.g., smart phone
  • Certification required

This slide has a photo in the lower right of a typical freeway with cars travelling in both directions. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: Author's relevant description: This slide has a photo in the lower right of a typical freeway with cars travelling in both directions. Two cars in the right lane traveling away are surrounded by blue radio waves with a round insert of an OBU pointing at the nearest car. A round insert of an RSU is shown pointing at a light pole located in the center of the median. A red circle labeled 2 is located in the upper left that corresponds to the same in slide 17.)

 

Slide 26:

On-Board Unit (OBU)

OBU Integration

This slide has a graphic at the center left of a driver traveling along a roadway. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: Author's relevant description: This slide has a graphic at the center left of a driver traveling along a roadway in a newer vehicle that has the OBU integrated into the vehicle systems. This slide has a graphic in the center of a vehicle with an aftermarket OBU temporarily mounted to the inside of the windshield glass. This slide also has a graphic in the center right that shows six views of a smart phone screen shots: 1) Red arrow pointing ahead, 2) Push for Walk, 3) Walk Signal, 4) Pedestrian in Crosswalk, 5) Speed advice and 6) Cyclist. In the lower left the word "SUPPLEMENT" is shown in light blue text.)

Supplement icon indicating items or information that are further explained/detailed in the Student Supplement.

 

Slide 27:

Roadside Unit - RSU

3 - DSRC RSU Supports (Interface and Protocols)

  • Single Channel Continuous and Dual Channel Alternating DSRC Channel Modes simultaneously per Requirements
  • Power over Ethernet (PoE) compliant with 802.3at eliminates shock hazard and service power wiring

This slide has a graphic of a network switch typically found in signal control cabinets. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: Author's relevant description: This slide has a graphic of a network switch typically found in signal control cabinets, with arrows to controller unit, backhaul network and PoE injector.)

Source: USDOT

 

Slide 28:

Connected Vehicle (CV) Operation

This slide has animations: Initially an ATC is shown in the upper left with a black arrow pointing to a dark signal head in the upper right. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: Author's relevant description: This slide has animations: Initially an ATC is shown in the upper left with a black arrow pointing to a dark signal head in the upper right. An RSU is shown below the signal head. A black front view car icon is shown to the right of the RSU. A light blue graphic of a car is located below the RSU. Click 1 - A black key is show within the car icon depicted that the ignition switch is ON. Click 2 - A yellow lightning bolt is shown from the vehicle icon to the RSU depicting BSM transmission. Click 3 - The previously dark signal is shown illuminated with RED, YELLOW and GREEN sections. Click 4 - A black arrow appears from the ATC to the RSU depicting the signal controller broadcast message. Also, a small signal head icon appears in the car icon matching the visible signal head. Click 5 - Text is revealed matching the audio description Click 6 - Text is further revealed matching the audio description. Click 7 - A graphic of the V2I Hub Interface Control Document appears in the lower left. Click 8 - A graphic of a driver interface appears in the car icon rearview mirror. Click 9 - Identical to 8 above, but with signal head dark instead of illuminated. Click 10 - Identical to 9 above, but with arrow from ATC to RSU removed. Vehicle "sees" digital representation of what the driver sees within 1/10 second. Source: USDOT.)

Source: Siemens Industry Inc.

 

Slide 29:

Connected Vehicle (CV) Operation

MAP and SPaT Without Signal Controller

This slide has animations: Initially, an RSU is shown in the center with a back car icon shown to the right of the RSU. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: Author's relevant description: This slide has animations: Initially, an RSU is shown in the center with a back car icon shown to the right of the RSU. A light blue car is shown below the RSU. Click 1 - A black key is show within the car icon depicted that the ignition switch is ON. Click 2 - A yellow lightning bolt is shown from the vehicle icon to the RSU depicting BSM transmission. A second yellow lightning bolt is shown depicting a SPaT/MAP message transmitted from RSU to car icon. A signal head icon is shown in the car icon. Click 3 - A graphic of the V2I Hub Interface Control Document appears in the lower left Click 4 - A graphic of a driver interface appears in the car icon rearview mirror.)

Source: Siemens Industry Inc.

 

Slide 30:

Connected Vehicle (CV) Terminology

Backhaul Communications

This slide has a traffic operator in front of a screen at the upper left connected to a traffic server. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: Author's relevant description: This slide has a traffic operator in front of a screen at the upper left connected to a traffic server. The traffic server is connected to an ATC and Time Server. The ATC is connected to a network switch that is also connected to and RSU to the right and to a Master Server to the left. A flat panel display attended by a traffic management operator is also connected to the Master Server. Key Message: Backhaul Communications can include: NTCIP communications from Traffic Signal Controller to Traffic Management Center (TMC), Management of RSU by central RSU management software system, Data TO and FROM RSU to data center, Backhaul Communications is not required to implement CV applications: Vehicle to Infrastructure (V2I) messages do not require backhaul communications, such as Curve Speed Warning (CSW) and others, Security certificates can be loaded during RSU manufacture and reloaded at normal maintenance, Backhaul Communications media can vary: Ethernet Fiber Cellular.)

Source: USDOT

 

Slide 31:

Connected Vehicle (CV) Terminology

Test and Levels of Testing

This slide has a graphic of the Lifecycle VEE model in the upper left. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: Author's relevant description: This slide has a graphic of the Lifecycle "VEE" model in the upper left, with the key points of this slide showing six levels in descending order from top to bottom, following the "VEE": Level 6: End to end system test, operation and maintenance, Level 5: Validation of system installed in roadside equipment and vehicles, Level 4: Acceptance test of system to fulfill Use Case requirements, Level 3: Integration test of software modules installed into hardware objects to form subsystems, Level 2: Test of software modules and hardware units, Level 1: Procurement of software objects and hardware objects.)

Supplement icon indicating items or information that are further explained/detailed in the Student Supplement.

 

Slide 32:

Connected Vehicle (CV) Terminology

Test and Certification Levels

This slide has a graphic of the Lifecycle VEE model in the upper left. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: Author's relevant description: This slide has the "VEE" model shown on the left. To the right, and corresponding to each level of the "VEE" are shown connected vehicle elements corresponding to that level of the "VEE", from bottom to top: Level 1 shows the connected vehicle hardware devices and software applications that are procured in a typical CV system. Level 2 shows a test report for hardware device test and software unit Level 2 test for each. Level 3 shows the software integration into hardware level test for each subsystem. Level 4 shows the subsystems connected and tested as a system level. Level 5 shows the system validation level test deployed with real data. Level 6 shows operations and maintenance of the deployed system to end of life.)

Source: Siemens Industry Inc.

 

Slide 33:

Security Credential Management System (SCMS)

Role of SCMS

  • SCMS provides DSRC devices with digital certificates that the devices use to sign (authenticate) and encrypt DSRC messages and revokes certificates

Shows a graphic of Public and Private keys for the OBU. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: Author's relevant description: Shows a graphic of Public and Private Keys for the OBU to the left and a graphic of public and private keys for the RSU to the right. Between is shown a graphic of the key generator. Below is shown the TAI symbol.)

 

Slide 34:

Activity. A placeholder graphic with an image of hand over a computer keyboard to show that an activity is taking place.

 

Slide 35:

Question

What is the relationship between the RSE and RSU?

Answer Choices

  1. RSE is the DSRC radio to the nearby vehicles
  2. RSU includes the RSE
  3. RSU is the DSRC radio that is part of the RSE
  4. Backhaul connects the RSE with the RSU

 

Slide 36:

Review of Answers

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.a) RSE is the DSRC radio to the nearby vehicles
Incorrect. RSE is all of the infrastructure equipment, such as signal controller, network equipment, signal monitor, etc.

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.b) RSU includes the RSE
Incorrect. RSE is not part of the RSU.

A small graphical green and yellow check mark representing correct.c) RSU is the DSRC radio that is part of the RSE
Correct! RSU is the DSRC radio that connects the signal controller, over the air, to vehicles using 5.9GH band.

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.d) Backhaul connects the RSE with the RSU
Incorrect. The backhaul is part of the communications network.

 

Slide 37:

Learning Objectives

  • Identify Connected Vehicle (CV) equipment needed for a signalized intersection
  • Review USDOT Requirements Specifications for RSU hardware and software for procurement

 

Slide 38:

Learning Objective 2

  • Review USDOT Requirements Specifications for RSU hardware and software for procurement

 

Slide 39:

Relevant Standards to Insure Security, Privacy, and Interoperability

DSRC RSU Specifications Document - USDOT

  • Includes DSRC RSU system requirements for:
    • Power
    • Environmental
    • Physical
    • Functional
    • Behavioral
    • Performance
    • Interface

This slide shows the cover of the RSU Specification v4.1

Background information icon indicates general knowledge that is available elsewhere and is outside the module being presented.

Source: USDOT

 

Slide 40:

Relevant Standards to Ensure Security, Privacy, and Interoperability

  • Standards for Security
    • IEEE 1609.2 Security Services
    • IEEE 1609.3 MAC address change at intervals
  • Standards for Privacy
    • SAE J2735 DSRC Message Set Dictionary
    • SAE J2945/1 for V2V safety (under development 2/2017)
    • SAE J2945/2 for safety and emergency vehicles
    • ISO TS 19091 for signalized Intersection Apps
  • Standards for Interoperability
    • IEEE 1609.3 Networking Services
    • IEEE 802.11p Wireless LAN
    • IEEE 1609.4 Multi Channel Operation
    • IEEE 802.3at PoE
    • NEMA TS2 Traffic Signal Controller
    • NTCIP 1202 v2 plus USDOT V2I Hub ICD

Background information icon indicates general knowledge that is available elsewhere and is outside the module being presented.

 

Slide 41:

Elements of the CV Wireless Stack That Require Certification

CV Wireless Stack Certification

BSM: LAT LONG HEADING SPEED VEHICLE SIZE
IEEE 1609.2  
IPv6 IPv6
1609.3, S02.2, 802.11p IEEE 802.2
5.9 GHz wireless (802.11p), 1609.4 Backhaul PHY2

Basic Safety Message (BSM)

Source: USDOT

Tools/Applications icon. An industry-specific item a person would use to accomplish a specific task, and applying that tool to fit your need.

 

Slide 42:

Understand the Messages for Certification

SAE J2735 Message Certification

This slide shows a rack mount controller installation in the lower right with a black arrow pointing towards an RSU in the upper right.

Source: Siemens Industry Inc.

 

Slide 43:

Understand the Messages for Certification

SAE J2735 Message Certification

This slide shows the same graphics as the previous slide. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: Author's relevant description: This slide shows the same graphics as the previous slide, with a black arrow labeled SPaT and a black arrow labeled MAP pointing at a gray DSRC box located at the upper center.)

Source: Siemens Industry Inc.

 

Slide 44:

Understand the Messages for Certification

SAE J2735 Message Certification

This slide shows the same graphics as the previous slide. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: Author's relevant description: This slide shows the same graphics as the previous slide, with an added graphic at the lower center showing a white car and a Class 2 OBU, plus a graphic showing a white car at the left center. Black arrows between the three graphics match the audio description.)

Source: Siemens Industry Inc.

 

Slide 45:

Understand the Messages for Certification

SAE J2735 Message Certification

This slide shows the same graphics as the previous slide. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: Author's relevant description: This slide shows the same graphics as the previous slide, but with the white car at the center left replaced with an emergency vehicle graphic and mobile terminal)

Source: Siemens Industry Inc.

 

Slide 46:

Understand the Messages for Certification

SAE J2735 Message Certification

This slide shows the same graphics as the previous slide. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: Author's relevant description: The graphics of this slide are identical to the previous slide, with black arrows changed to opposite directions.)

Source: Siemens Industry Inc.

 

Slide 47:

Understand the Messages for Certification

SAE J2735 Message Certification

This slide shows the same graphics as the previous slide. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: Author's relevant description: This slide shows the same graphics as the previous slide, but with the emergency vehicle graphic and mobile terminal replaced with a Wrong Way sign and a Stop Here for Pedestrian sign.)

Source: Siemens Industry Inc.

 

Slide 48:

Understand the Messages for Certification

SAE J2735 Message Certification

This slide shows the graphics of slide 45. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: Author's relevant description: This slide shows the graphics of slide 45, but with all of the messages that require certification shown in black arrows.)

Source: Siemens Industry Inc.

 

Slide 49:

Activity. A placeholder graphic with an image of hand over a computer keyboard to show that an activity is taking place.

 

Slide 50:

Question

Which is not a part of the RSU wireless stack?

Answer Choices

  1. IPV6 device addresses
  2. Basic Safety Message (BSM) of vehicle location, heading speed, elevation
  3. 5.9 GHz wireless frequency band
  4. IEEE 1609.2 security certificates

 

Slide 51:

Review of Answers

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.a) IPV6 device addresses
Incorrect. IPV6 is the RSU Internet protocol address and included in the RSU Requirements Specification for the stack.

A small graphical green and yellow check mark representing correct.b) Basic Safety Message (BSM) of vehicle location, heading speed, elevation
Correct! BSM is a J2735 over-the-air message that is part of the RSU application made up of dialogs of messages.

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.c) 5.9 GHz wireless frequency band
Incorrect. The wireless frequency band is included in the RSU Requirements Specification for the stack.

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.d) IEEE 1609.2 security certificates
Incorrect. Mandatory uses of security certificates conforming to IEEE 1609.2 is part of the RSU Requirements Specification.

 

Slide 52:

Learning Objectives

  • Identify Connected Vehicle (CV) equipment needed for a signalized intersection
  • Review USDOT Requirements Specifications for RSU hardware and software for procurement
  • Understand the role of Certification Testing within the context of a systems lifecycle

 

Slide 53:

Learning Objective 3

  • Understand the role of Certification Testing within the context of a systems lifecycle

 

Slide 54:

Create a Requirements to Test Case Traceability Matrix

What Are We Certifying?

  • Conformance to RSU Requirements Specification
    • To ensure that all vehicles will work correctly everywhere within the CV network
    • Without certification, vehicles will not be able to receive security certificates
  • RSU Requirements Specification includes:
    • Environmental
    • References to Relevant Standards
    • Minimum Security Requirements

This slide shows the Saxon Operations Laboratory graphic at the right

Source: USDOT

Background information icon indicates general knowledge that is available elsewhere and is outside the module being presented.

 

Slide 55:

Develop a Requirements to Test Case Traceability Matrix (RTCTM)

RTCTM for RSU

Req ID Description Reference Verification Method
USDOT_RSU- Req_312- v001 Ambient Temperature RSU: The roadside unit SHALL function as intended within the temperature range of-34 degrees C (-30 degrees F) to +74 degrees C (+165 degrees F). NEMA TS 2-2003 V02.06 Test: A "Pass" indication contained in a Test Report from an accredited test facility
USDOT_RSU- Req_546-v001 Ambient Temperature Power Injector: The Power Injector unit SHALL function as intended within the temperature range of-34 degrees C (-30 degrees F) to +74 degrees C (+165 degrees F). NEMA TS 2-2003 V02.06 Test: A "Pass" indication contained in a Test Report from an accredited test facility
USDOT_RSU- Req_313-v001 Ambient Temperature Rate of Change RSU: The roadside unit SHALL function as intended under changes in ambient temperature up to 17 degrees C (30 degrees F) per hour, throughout the required operational temperature range. NEMA TS 2-2003 V02.06 Test: A "Pass" indication contained in a Test Report from an accredited test facility

 

Slide 56:

Develop a Set of Test Cases for RSU Certification

Test Case for RSU Certification

LTP-Level Test Plan

This slide shows a blue MTP box at the center top with blue lines to Unit LTP, Subsystem LTP and System LTP below. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: Author's relevant description: This slide shows a blue MTP box at the center top with blue lines to Unit LTP, Subsystem LTP and System LTP below. A blue line connects the Unit LTP to a blue box labeled Unit Test Design box below, which has two blue lines connecting respectively to Unit Test Case and Unit Test Procedure below. Additional related bullet items are listed below:

Master Test Plan (MTP)

  • Integrity level scheme and choice
  • Overall test processes, activities, and tasks
  • Test levels and documents

Unit Test Plan (LTP)

Subsystem Integration Test Plan {LTP)

System Acceptance Test Plan [LTP)

  • Scope of test level
  • Resources
  • Test method (s)

Unit Test Design

  • Detail updates for test methods
  • Features to be tested

Unit Test Cases

  • Input
  • Output

Unit Test Procedures

  • Test setup
  • Execution instrument

)

Source: USDOT Professional Capacity Building

 

Slide 57:

Develop a Set of Test Cases for RSU Certification

Unit Test Plan Workflow

This slide has a blue box for Unit LTP at center top with a blue arrow to a blue box for Unit Test below. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: Author's relevant description: This slide has a blue box for Unit LTP at center top with a blue arrow to a blue box for Unit Test below, which has three blue arrows to Unit Test Cases 1, 2, and 3 respectively below. Unit Test Case 1 has a blue arrow to Unit Test procedure below that has a blue arrow also from Unit Test Case 2 above. Unit Test Case 3 has two blue arrows to Unit Test Procedure 2 and 3 respectively below. Additional related bullet items are listed below:

Unit Test Plan (LTP)

  • Scope of test level
  • Resources
  • Test method(s)

Unit Test Design

  • Detail updates for test methods
  • Features to be tested

Unit Test Case 1

Unit Test Case 2

Unit Test Case 3

  • Input
  • Output

Unit Test Procedure 1

Unit Test Procedure 2

Unit Test Procedure 3

  • Test setup
  • Execution instructions

)

 

Slide 58:

Test Procedures for RSU Certification

Test Procedures for RSU Certification by an Independent Laboratory

  • Vehicle to Vehicle (V2V ) Safety Test Specifications exist now
    • Stack (802.11, 1609.2, 1609.3, 1609.4)
    • V2V safety (J2945/1)
  • Additional applications planned for certification for the CV pilots
  • Certification operating council with support of USDOT

 

Slide 59:

Test Procedures for RSU Certification

Addressing Local Needs

Typical Example: Pedestrian

Safety

  • Needs
    • Detect pedestrians
    • Avoid PED / vehicle conflicts
  • Requirements
    • Transmit PED location to OBU
    • Receive PED location by OBU
    • Warn driver of crash trajectory

This slide shows an RSU. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: Author's relevant description: This slide shows an RSU with lightning bolts to Satellite, OBU class 2 and OBU class 2 at the right. A transit bus is shown to the right of the OBU class 2.)

Source: Siemens Industry Inc.

Example icon. Can be real-world (case study), hypothetical, a sample of a table, etc.

 

Slide 60:

Test Procedures for RSU Certification

Addressing Local Needs

Pedestrian Safety:

  • Needs
    • Detect pedestrians
    • Avoid PED / vehicle conflicts
  • Requirements
    • Transmit PED location to OBU
    • Receive PED location by OBU
    • Warn driver of crash trajectory
  • Design
    • Dialog of BSM & PSM between car and PED
    • Calculate crash trajectories
    • Issue driver warnings
  • Test
    • Master Test Plan
    • Level Test Plans

This slide is identical to the previous but with a vehicle detector shown connected to the RSU. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: Author's relevant description: This slide is identical to the previous but with a vehicle detector shown connected to the RSU, as well as an OBU class 3 and pedestrian / cyclist show with a lightning bolt for WiFi to the RSU.)

Example icon. Can be real-world (case study), hypothetical, a sample of a table, etc.

 

Slide 61:

Activity. A placeholder graphic with an image of hand over a computer keyboard to show that an activity is taking place.

 

Slide 62:

Question

Which of the following applies to Agencies requiring RSU certification process?

Answer Choices

  1. Develop RSU Test Cases per each agency
  2. Specify independent certification test report per Certification Test Specification, with special provisions for local needs
  3. Purchase RSUs without contract requirements
  4. None of the above

 

Slide 63:

Review of Answers

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.a) Develop RSU Test Cases per agency
Incorrect. RSU Test Cases should be uniform throughout North America for interoperability with vehicles.

A small graphical green and yellow check mark representing correct.b) Specify independent certification test report per Certification Test Specification, with special provisions for local needs
Correct! Specify the Certification Test Procedure to ensure compatibility with vehicles, and then add special provisions for local needs, such as Wi-Fi connection to smart phones.

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.c) Purchase RSUs without contract requirements
Incorrect. Without contract requirements, older revision of RSU specification can be substituted, or delivery without security.

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.d) None of the above
Incorrect.

 

Slide 64:

Learning Objectives

  • Identify Connected Vehicle (CV) equipment needed for a signalized intersection
  • Review USDOT Requirements Specifications for RSU hardware and software for procurement
  • Understand the role of Certification Testing within the context of a systems lifecycle
  • Develop a Certification Plan

 

Slide 65:

Learning Objective 4

  • Develop a Certification Plan

 

Slide 66:

Independent Testing Laboratories

Independent Laboratory Test Options

This slide shows the logos of various test organizations - OmniAir Consortium, 7layers, Danlaw, SwR

 

Slide 67:

Certification

Certification Scope

4 - Overall Application Abilities Applications
3 - Interface Abilities  
1 - Environmental Abilities 2 - Communication Protocol Abilities Basic Device

Certification Levels

  1. Environmental Abilities including Physical Security
  2. Communication Protocol Abilities
  3. Interface Abilities (both the syntax and contents of the message payload transmitted over the communications medium)
  4. Overall Application Abilities

Source: USDOT

 

Slide 68:

Certification

Technical Standards

This slide contains the following table. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: This slide contains the following table:

DSRC-WSMP
Vehicle location and motion. ->
Remote Vehicle OBE   Transit Vehicle OBE
ITS Application Information Layer
SAE J2735
Security Plane IEEE
1609.2
ITS Application Information Layer
SAEJ2735
Application Layer
Undefined
Application Layer
Undefined
Presentation Layer
ISO ASN.l
Security Plane
Undefined
Presentation Layer
ISO ASN.l
Session Layer
Undefined
Session Layer
Undefined
Transportation Layer IEEE
1609.3 WSMP
Transportation Layer IEEE
1609.3 WSMP
Network Layer IEEE
1609.3 WSMP
Network Layer
IEEE 1609.3 WSMP
Data Link Layer
IEEE 1609.4, 802.11
Data Link Layer IEEE
1609.4, 802.11
Physical Layer
IEEE802.11
Physical Layer
IEEE 802.11

)

Data Messages

SAE J2945/1 Requirements for V2V Encoding {ISO ASN.l UPER) Process Information (SAEJ2735)

Data Transmission

Transport (IEEE1609.3 WSMP, IPv6) Security (IEEE 1609.2) Link (IEEE 1609.4) Physical (IEEE802.11)

Device Profiles

V2V per SAE J2945/1
V2V + SCMS per SAE J2945/1
CV Pilot OBU
CV Pilot RSU per USDOT RSU 4.1 spec Source: USDOT

Source: USDOT

 

Slide 69:

Certification

Test System Architecture

This slide shows a gray box depicting the test system equipment at the left. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: Author's relevant description: This slide shows a gray box depicting the test system equipment at the left, connected with black lines to a gray box depicting the System Under Test in the center. They are connected via the Text Control Interface and Test Radio Interface. To the right of the System Under Test box is the text - Built for automation, Radio testing and protocol conformance, Devices (IUTs) must implement a TCI application.)

Source: USDOT

 

Slide 70:

Certification

Test Specifications

This slide shows a blue table of standards. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: This slide shows a blue table of standards within applications to the left and a blue table of the test specification titles at the right. The table to the left contains the following text: Applications, then grouped with IEE 1609.2 is: SAE J2735 & J2945/1 Messaging and IEEE1609.3, followed by IEEE 1609.4 and IEEE802.11. The table to the right is as follows:

Test Specification Title/Scope
Test System Interface Test Command Interface Protocol Specification
J2945.1-TSS&TP Test Suite Structure and Test Purposes for SAE J2945/1
WAVESEC-TSS&TP Test Suite Structure and Test Purposes for Security Services (IEEE 1609.2)
WAVENS-TSS&TP Test Suite Structure and Test Purposes for Network Services (IEEE 1609.3)
WAVEMCO-TSS&TP Test Suite Structure and Test Purposes for Multi-Channel Operation (IEEE 1609.4)
WAVE802.11-TSS&TP Test Suite Structure and Test Purposes for IEEE802.11 (Scope of DSRC)

)

Source: USDOT

 

Slide 71:

Certification

Example Test

Test Purpose Id TP-16094-RXT-MDE-BV-01
Summary Transmit WSMs in continuous channel mode (non-switching) and verify IUT receives the transmitted messages.
Test Configuration TCI
Reference: [2] 5.2, 6.3.1, 5.2.1,5.2.3
PICS Selection M2, M2.1, M3, M3.1
Pre-test conditions
  • The IUT is in Initial state as per sec 4.3.1
Test Sequence
Step Type Description Verdict
1 Configure IUT to receive WSM messages in continuous channel mode on 'vChannel'  
2 Configure Test Equipment to transmit WSMs in continuous channel mode on 'vChannel' with VDataRate' at 'vWSMRepeatRate'.  
3 Stimulus Test Equipment to continuously transmit WSM messages  
4 Verify IUT receives WSM messages available on 'vChannel' at every VWSMRepeatRate'. PASS / FAIL
5 Procedure Repeat steps 1-4 for each supported value of 'vDataRate' in Table 4-2  
6 Procedure Repeat steps 1-5 for each supported value of 'vChannel' in Table 4-1  
7 Configure The IUT to initial state  

Source: USDOT

Example icon. Can be real-world (case study), hypothetical, a sample of a table, etc.

 

Slide 72:

Certification

Certification Process

  • Certification is similar to other certification schemes
  • Certification applies to
    • in-vehicle modules (for OEM integration)
    • roadside devices
    • aftermarket devices
  • Device manufacturers pay for certification

This slide shows a series of interconnected blue boxes. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: This slide shows a series of interconnected blue boxes at the right, sequentially pointing to each following box with the following text: Have device points to Contact Certification Organization, which points to Device tested by an authorized testing laboratory, which points to Report submitted to Certification Organization, which points to Device listed as certified.)

Source: USDOT

 

Slide 73:

Certification

Device Certification Progression

This slide shows a gray box depicting the pre-commercial phase with a gray arrow pointing to a gray box depicting the commercial certification phase. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: This slide shows a gray box depicting the pre-commercial phase with a gray arrow pointing to a gray box depicting the commercial certification phase. The boxes contain the following bulleted text:

Pre-commercial phase (2016-2017)

  • Managed by the Certification Operating Council (USDOT project)
  • Test specifications available
  • 1st USDOT PlugFest for device interoperability in Nov 2016, Novi Ml

Commercial certification phase (after 2017)

  • Industry certification managed by an industry trade association -OmniAir

)

Source: USDOT

 

Slide 74:

SAE J2735 Message Dialogs to Realize Applications

V2I Safety

Red Light Violation Warning
Curve Speed Warning
Stop Sign Gap Assist
Spot Weather Impact Warning
Reduced Speed Work Zone Warning
Pedestrian in Signalized Crosswalk
Warning (Transit)

V2V Safety

Emergency Electronic Brake Lights (EEBL)
Forward Collision Warning (FCW)
Intersection Movement Assist (IMA)
Left Turn Assist (LTA)
Blind Spot/Lane Change Warning (BSW/'LCW)
Do Not Pass Warning (DNPW)
Vehicle Turning Right in Front of Bus Warning (Transit)

Agency Data

Probe-based Pavement Maintenance
Probe-enabled Traffic Monitoring
Vehicle Classification-based Traffic Studies
CV-enabled Turning Movement & Intersection Analysis
CV-enabled Origin-Destination Studies
Work Zone Traveler Information

Environment

Eco-Approach and Departure at Signalized Intersections
Eco-Traffic Signal Timing
Eco-Traffic Signal Priority
Connected Eco-Driving
Wireless Inductive/Resonance Charging
Eco-Lanes Management
Eco-Speed Harmonization
Eco-Cooperative Adaptive Cruise Control
Eco-Traveler Information
Eco-Ramp Metering
Low Emissions Zone Management
AFV Charging / Fueling Information
Eco-Smart Parking
Dynamic Eco-Routing (light vehicle, transit, freight)
Eco-ICM Decision Support System

Road Weather

Motorist Advisories and Warnings (MAW)
Enhanced MDSS
Vehicle Data Translator (VDT)
Weather Response Traffic Information (WxTINFO)

Mobility

Advanced Traveler Information System
Intelligent Traffic Signal System (I-SIG)
Signal Priority (transit, freight)
Mobile Accessible Pedestrian Signal System (PED-SIG)
Emergency Vehicle Preemption (PREEMPT)
Dynamic Speed Harmonization (SPD-HARM)
Queue Warning (Q-WARN)
Cooperative Adaptive Cruise Control (CACC)
Incident Scene Pre-Arrival Staging
Guidance for Emergency Responders (RESP-STG)
Incident Scene Work Zone Alerts for Drivers and Workers (INC-ZONE)
Emergency Communications and Evacuation (EVAC)
Connection Protection (T-CONNECT)
Dynamic Transit Operations (T-DISP)
Dynamic Ridesharing (D-RIDE)
Freight-Specific Dynamic Travel Planning and Performance
Drayage Optimization

Smart Roadside

Wireless Inspections
Smart Truck Parking

Source: USDOT

 

Slide 75:

Activity. A placeholder graphic with an image of hand over a computer keyboard to show that an activity is taking place.

 

Slide 76:

Question

Which of the following is not a CV application group?

Answer Choices

  1. V2V Safety
  2. V2I Mobility
  3. Road and Weather
  4. Autopilot for self-driving vehicle

 

Slide 77:

Review of Answers

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.a) V2V Safety
Incorrect V2V Safety is an application group.

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.b) V2I Mobility
Incorrect. V2I Mobility is an application group.

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.c) Road and Weather
Incorrect. Road and Weather is an application group.

A small graphical green and yellow check mark representing correct.d) Autopilot for self-driving vehicle
Correct! Self-driving vehicle is an Autopilot system, not part of Connected Vehicle applications.

 

Slide 78:

Module Summary

  • Identify Connected Vehicle (CV) equipment needed for a signalized intersection
  • Review USDOT Requirements Specifications for RSU hardware and software for procurement
  • Understand the role of Certification Testing within the context of a systems lifecycle
  • Develop a Certification Plan

 

Slide 79:

We Have Now Completed the CV Curriculum

A small graphical green and yellow check mark representing correct.Module CV I261:
V2V ITS Standards for Project Managers

A small graphical green and yellow check mark representing correct.Module CV I262:
V2I ITS Standards for Project Managers

A small graphical green and yellow check mark representing correct.Module CV T160:
Connected Vehicle Certification Testing Introduction

 

Slide 80:

Thank you for completing this module.

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