ITS Transit Standards Professional Capacity Building Program

Module 11: Transit and the Connected Vehicle Environment/Emerging Technologies, Applications, and Future Platforms

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Slide 1:

Welcome - Graphic image of introductory slide. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: Welcome - Graphic image of introductory slide. A large dark blue rectangle with a wide, light grid pattern at the top half and bands of dark and lighter blue bands below. There is a white square ITS logo box with words "Standards ITS Training" in green and blue on the middle left side. The word "Welcome" in white is to the right of the logo. Under the logo box is the logo for the U.S. Department of Transpotation, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology.)

Slide 2:

Welcome slide with Mac Lister and screen capture of home webpage. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: This slide, entitled "Mac Lister" has a photo of Mac Lister, Program Manager Knowledge and Technology Transfer, ITS Joint Program Office, on the left hand side, with his email address, Mac.Lister@dot.gov. A screen capture snapshot of the home webpage is found on the right hand side - for illustration only - from August 2014. Below this image is a link to the current website: www.pcb.its.dot.gov - this screen capture snapshot shows an example from the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Development - Intelligent Transportation Systems Joint Program Office - ITS Professional Capacity Building Program/Advanced ITS Education. Below the main site banner, it shows the main navigation menu with the following items: About, ITS Training, Knowledge Exchange, Technology Transfer, ITS in Academics, and Media Library. Below the main navigation menu, the page shows various content of the website, including a graphic image of professionals seated in a room during a training program. A text overlay has the text Welcome to ITS Professional Capacity Building. Additional content on the page includes a box entitled What's New and a section labeled Free Training. Again, this image serves for illustration only. The current website link is: http://www.pcb.its.dot.gov.)

Slide 3:

Welcome slide with Jeffrey Spencer and screen capture of home webpage. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: This slide, entitled "Jeffrey Spencer" has a photo of Jeffrey Spencer, ITS Team Leader, Federal Transit Administration, Office of Research, Demonstration and Innovation, on the left hand side, with his email address, Jeffrey.Spencer@dot.gov. A screen capture snapshot of the home webpage is found on the right hand side - for illustration only - which is the same screen snapshot from Slide 2. Below this image and to the right is the Federal Transit Administration (FTA) logo.)

Slide 4:

ITS Transit Standards Professional Capacity Building Program

Module 11:

Transit and the Connected Vehicle Environment/Emerging Technologies, Applications, and Future Platforms

Slide 5:

Activity. A placeholder graphic with an image of hand over a computer keyboard to show that an activity is taking place.

Slide 6:

Instructor

Head shot photo of the instructor, Patrick Chan

Patrick Chan, P.E.
Senior Technical Staff
Consensus Systems Technologies
Flushing, NY, USA

Slide 7:

Target Audience

Slide 8:

Recommended Prerequisite(s)

  Decision-Maker Project Manager Project Engineer
Module 1: Introduction to ITS Transit Standards
Module 2: Transit Management Standards, Part 1 of 2
Module 3: Transit Communications Interface Profiles (TCIP), Part 1 of 2
Module 4: Transit Communications Interface Profiles (TCIP), Part 2 of 2 N/A
Module 5: Transit Management Standards, Part 2 of 2 N/A

Slide 9:

Curriculum Path (Decision-Maker)

Curriculum Path for Decision Maker. A graphical illustration indicating the sequence of training modules and where this module fits in. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: Curriculum Path for Decision Maker. A graphical illustration indicating the sequence of training modules and where this module fits in. Each module is represented by a box with the name of the module in it and a flow chart showing the logical flow of the modules with the current module boxed in red. The first three vertically-sequenced boxes are green, which means that it is a Recommended Prerequisite Module. The first box is "Introduction to ITS Transit Standards, Module 1." Below that, connected by a line, is a box with the text "Transit Management, Part 1 of 2." Below that, connected by a line, is a box with the text "TCIP, Part 1 of 2." Below the "TCIP, Part 1 of 2" box are three blue boxes side-by-side. Blue indicates that the module is optional. To the far left in this sequence of boxes is a blue box "Traveler Information, Part 1 of 2". To the right of that box is a blue box with the text "Electronic Fare Payment Systems." To the right of that box is a blue box with the text "Transit and the Connected Vehicle Environment/Emerging Technologies, Applications, and Future Platforms", which is highlighted in red, meaning that it is the specific module being covered.)

Slide 10:

Curriculum Path (Project Manager)

Curriculum Path for Project Manager. A graphical illustration indicating the sequence of training modules and where this module fits in. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: Curriculum Path for Project Manager. A graphical illustration indicating the sequence of training modules and where this module fits in. Each module is represented by a box with the name of the module in it and a flow chart showing the logical flow of the modules with the current module boxed in red. The first three horizontally sequenced boxes are green. The first box is "Introduction to ITS Transit Standards, Module 1." Below that, connected by a line, is a box with the text "Transit Management, Part 1 of 2." To the right of this box, is "Transit Management, Part 2 of 2". Below "Transit Management, Part 1 of 2", connected by a line, is a box with the text, "TCIP, Part 1 of 2". To the right of this box, is "TCIP, Part 2 of 2", which is outlined in red. From here, the lines branch out into four text boxes that are horizontally sequenced. The first two: "Traveler Information, Part 1 of 2" and "Arterial Management & Transit Signal Priority, Part 1 of 2" are green; the last two, in blue, are "Electronic Fare Payment Systems" and "Transit and the Connected Vehicle Environment/Emerging Technologies, Applications, and Future Platforms". The last module, which is this module, is highlighted with a red border. Below "Traveler Information, Part 1 of 2," is the text box "Traveler Information, Part 2 of 2" coded in blue. Below "Arterial Management & Transit Signal Priority, Part 1 of 2" is the text box, "Arterial Management & Transit Signal Priority, Part 2 of 2", coded in blue.)

Slide 11:

Curriculum Path (Project Engineer)

Curriculum Path for Project Engineer. A graphical illustration indicating the sequence of training modules and where this module fits in. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: Curriculum Path for Project Engineer. A graphical illustration indicating the sequence of training modules and where this module fits in. Each module is represented by a box with the name of the module in it and a flow chart showing the logical flow of the modules with the current module boxed in red. The first three horizontally sequenced boxes are green. The first box is "Introduction to ITS Transit Standards, Module 1." Below that, connected by a line, is a box with the text "Transit Management, Part 1 of 2." To the right of this box, is "Transit Management, Part 2 of 2". Below that "Transit Management, Part 1 of 2", connected by a line, is a box with the text, "TCIP, Part 1 of 2". To the right of this box, is "TCIP, Part 2 of 2", which is outlined in red. From here, the lines branch out into four text boxes that are horizontally sequenced. The first two: "Traveler Information, Part 1 of 2" and "Arterial Management & Transit Signal Priority, Part 1 of 2" are green; the last two, in blue, are "Electronic Fare Payment Systems" and "Transit and the Connected Vehicle Environment/Emerging Technologies, Applications, and Future Platforms." The last module, which is this module, is highlighted with a red border. Below "Traveler Information, Part 1 of 2," is the text box "Traveler Information, Part 2 of 2 coded in green. Below "Arterial Management & Transit Signal Priority, Part 1 of 2", is the text box "Arterial Management & Transit Signal Priority, Part 2 of 2, coded in green.)

Slide 12:

Learning Objectives

  1. Describe the connected vehicle environment
  2. Identify and evaluate the potential communications technologies that may be used in a transit connected vehicle environment
  3. Identify the ITS standards that support the transit connected vehicle environment
  4. Describe the applications being developed in a transit connected vehicle environment
  5. Identify the challenges to the successful deployment of a transit connected vehicle environment
  6. Describe strategies and approaches for deploying a transit connected vehicle environment

Slide 13:

Learning Objective #1:

Describe the Connected Vehicle Environment

Slide 14:

Learning Objective #1

Identify the Features of a Connected Vehicle Environment

Transportation Challenges in the United States

Source: U.S. Department of Transportation, Texas Transportation Institute, American Public Transportation Association

Slide 15:

Learning Objective #1

Identify the Features of a Connected Vehicle Environment

Vehicles

Image of an orange train anda GPS satellite.

In addition, millions of people carry mobile devices today that have Global Positioning System (GPS) and can access data...

Image of a smartphone.

Source: U.S. Department of Transportation

Slide 16:

Learning Objective #1

Identify the Features of a Connected Vehicle Environment

What If?

The slide has a graphic on the bottom right, which shows a male driver driving a vehicle with a female passenger.

Source: U.S. Department of Transportation

Slide 17:

Learning Objective #1

Identify the Features of a Connected Vehicle Environment

What Is the Connected Vehicle Research Program?

Slide 18:

Learning Objective #1

Identify the Features of a Connected Vehicle Environment

NHTSA ANPRM

Slide 19:

Learning Objective #1

Identify the Benefits of a Connected Vehicle Environment

What Transit Challenges Can a Connected Vehicle Environment Address?

Slide 20:

Learning Objective #1

Identify the Benefits of a Connected Vehicle Environment

What Is the Transit Connected Vehicle Environment?

Slide 21:

Activity. A placeholder graphic with an image of hand over a computer keyboard to show that an activity is taking place.

Slide 22:

Learning Objective #1

Which of the following can be improved by connected vehicles in public transportation?

Answer Choices

  1. Roadway congestion
  2. Crash rates
  3. Fuel efficiency
  4. All of the above

Slide 23:

Learning Objective #1

Review of Answers

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.a) Roadway congestion
More efficient transit can lead to an increased mode shift to transit and reduce the number of vehicles on roadways.

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.b) Crash rates
Connected vehicle technologies can reduce the number of crashes.

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.c) Fuel efficiency
Connected vehicles can operate more efficiently and use less fuel.

A small graphical green and yellow check mark representing correct.d) All of the above
Correct! All of the above are true.

Slide 24:

Summary of Learning Objective #1

Describe the Connected Vehicle Environment

Slide 25:

Learning Objective #2: Identify and Evaluate the Potential Communications Technologies That May Be Used in a Transit Connected Vehicle Environment

Slide 26:

Learning Objective #2

Define Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC)

FCC Definition

Source: Federal Communications Commission, Dedicated Short Range Communications of Intelligent Transportation Services - Final Rule, FR Doc No: 99-30591

Slide 27:

Learning Objective #2

Define Dedicated Short Range Communications

(DSRC)

Frequencies

Slide 28:

Learning Objective #2

Define Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC)

Describe the Benefits of DSRC

Slide 29:

Learning Objective #2

Define Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC)

Potential Issues and Limitations with DSRC

Slide 30:

Learning Objective #2

Define Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC)

On-Board Unit (OBU):

RoadSide Unit (RSU):

Define Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC). Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: Author's relevant notes: Define Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC). This slide contains a graphic showing a top-down view of an intersection, with a two-lane, one direction road moving right to left, and a two lane, two-way road moving up and down. All vehicles on the diagram are blue and have two concentric yellow circles centered on the front console of the vehicle to depict each vehicle broadcasting information. Three vehicles are moving right to left, and one is moving up. The upper right corner of the intersection has an orthogonal view of a standard traffic signal in a horizontal layout, which appears to be on the green phase. The upper left and lower right corners of the intersection have an orthogonal view of a standard traffic signal in a vertical layout, both of which appear to be on the red phase. A green horizontal line moves out the right of the lower right traffic signal to a black shaded box, entitled "Traffic Signal Controller." A green line moves out the right of that box as well. There is a bulleted caption near that box saying "Backhaul and Security. Communications to Back Office." There is a vertical green line extending downward from the line between the lower right traffic signal and the "Traffic Signal Controller" box. This line leads to a vertically oriented box entitled "RSE," which has two purple concentric semi circles centered on it to depict the RSE broadcasting information. To the right is a bulleted caption that reads "SPaT Message. Positioning Information. Which Road? Which Lane? Where in Lane? Geographic Intersection Design (GID). Corrections to Positioning. Map Data Message.")

Slide 31:

Learning Objective #2

Define Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC)

Define Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC). Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: Author's relevant notes: Define Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC). This slide contains a graphic, with the title "Onboard Equipment," depicting the architecture of onboard board equipment for transit connected vehicles. A white box is central to the slide, with the text "Transit Vehicle" in the upper left corner. The first layer is a green rectangular box, with the text "Transit Safety Retrofit Package" in the upper left corner. The green box contains a blue box, with the text "In-Vehicle Display" in the upper left corner, and is surrounded by a dashed line. This box contains five boxes representing architecture components, entitled "Transit Vehicle Routes," "Transit Vehicle Bus Stops," "Intersections," "TRP Safety Applications, and DVI Interface." DVI Interface has a line connected with a caption that reads "Configurations" and a line with an arrow pointing inward reading "Driver Information." DVI Interface also has a blue line with an arrow leading to a picture of a mobile data terminal. To the right of the blue box is a reverse-L shaped red box, with the text "Wireless Safety Unit (WSU)" in the upper left corner, which is surrounded by a dashed line, with four boxes representing architectural components, entitled "DSRC Radio," "Basic Safety Applications," "Vehicle Data," and "GPS." The red box has a blue line with an arrow leading to a picture of a wireless safety unit. To the right of this box, within the larger Green box, are two additional boxes, each surrounded by a dashed line, representing architectural components entitled "DSRC Antennas" and "GPS Antenna." "GPS Antenna" has line connecting it to a caption that reads "GPS Signal" and a blue line with an arrow leading to an image of the top of a bus with a GPS antenna circled in red. "DSRC Antennas" has two lines leading in with text that read "Roadside Information," and "Remote Vehicle Information," and another connected line reading "Transit Vehicle Information." There is also a blue line from "DSRC Antennas" with an arrow leading to an image that shows the side of a bus, with the DSRC antenna circled. Below the green box is peach colored box, surrounded by a dashed line, with the text "Data Acquisition System" in the upper right hand corner. This box contains three boxes representing architectural components entitled "DAS," "Video Cameras," and "Radars". "DAS" has a line with a blue arrow leading to an image of DAS, with a red circle highlighting the hardware. "Video Cameras" has a line with a blue arrow leading to an image of the dashboard of a bus, with two cameras visible and circled in red. "Radars" has a line with a blue arrow leading to an image of the dashboard of a bus, with radar visible and circled in red. To the left of the peach box is a light gray box entitled "Vehicle Information" with a dashed line around it. To the right of the peach box is the text "Hardware Boundary" with a dashed line around it. Connections to other boxes with clearly defined directions are as follows: "Transit Vehicle Routes" to "TRP Safety Applications", "Transit Vehicle Bus Stops" to "TRP Safety Applications", "Intersections" to "TRP Safety Applications", "DSRC Radio" to "TRP Safety Applications", "Basic Safety Applications", and "DSRC Antennas", "GPS" to "Basic Safety Applications", "Vehicle Data" to "DSRC Radio", "DSRC Antenna" to "DSRC Radio", "GPS Antenna" to "GPS" and "DAS", "Video Cameras" to "DAS", and "Radars" to "DAS." The following boxes have connections without a clearly defined direction: "TRP Safety Applications" with "DVI Interface", "DAS" and "GPS", "DVI Interface" with "Basic Safety Applications", "Basic Safety Applications" with "Vehicle Data" and "DAS", "Vehicle Information" with "Vehicle Data" and "DAS".)

Source: FTA, Office of Research, Demonstration, and Innovation

Slide 32:

Learning Objective #2

Define Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC)

RoadSide Equipment (RSE)

Define Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC). Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: Author's relevant notes: Define Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC). This slide contains a graphic showing the architecture of a Roadside Equipment (RSE) cabinet on a pole. The cabinet is represented by a medium blue box that says "cabinet" in the upper right corner. A vertical light blue pole intersects the top and bottom of the box. At the top of the box, to the right of the pole is a black vertical antenna with the caption "GPS, Wireless Antenna." There are five boxes representing architectural components, oriented in two rows, within the cabinet. The first row contains two boxes and the bottom row contains three boxes. The top left box is entitled "Wireless Communication Device" and has a description reading "Receives and transmits data through an antennae." The top center box is entitled "GPS Receiver" and has a description reading "Provides position and time. Provides timekeeping signal for applications." The bottom left box is entitled "Memory" and has a description that reads, "Stores security certificates, application data, and other information." The bottom center box is entitled "Application Processing Unit" and has a description that reads "Processing unit that runs the applications." The bottom right box is entitled "Backhaul Modem Device" and has a description that reads "Receives and transmits data with a center." Connections between the architectural components are as follows: "Wireless Communications Device" to "GPS, Wireless Antenna", "GPS Receiver" to "GPS, Wireless Antenna", "Wireless Communications Device" and "Application Processing Unit", "Application Processing Unit" to/from "Memory", and "Wireless Communications Device" and "Backhaul Modem Device". To the right of the graphic is a caption that reads, "Roadside Unit (RSU) - Represents the DSRC radio alone".)

Slide 33:

Learning Objective #2

Define Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC)

General Communications Requirements

Define Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC). Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: Define Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC). The slide contains three graphics. At the upper left corner is a graphic of a train. At the lower right corner is a graphic of a bus. Connecting these two images is a graphic of a lightning bolt, to represent communications between the train and the bus. Along the left, under the train, is the text: How do we communicate? Wireless on the same frequency. What language are we using? Agree on the grammar and dictionary. How many people are talking in the room? Talk louder or softer, or change rooms or channels. On the right, above the bus and next to the lightning bolt is the text:: Required for Deployment: Different manufacturers. How do we trust each other? Authentication.)

Slide 34:

Learning Objective #2

Define Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC)

Standards Are Essential

Slide 35:

Learning Objective #2

Define Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC)

Communications Standards

Define Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC). Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: Define Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC). The slide contains a graphic on the right. The graphic contains four squares, each within a larger square. The first square is light blue and has text that reads "APTA TCIP, SIRI, GTFS, SAE J2735." The second square surrounds the first square with text above the first square that reads "SAE J2945 Family". The third square is a slightly darker shade of light blue, encompasses the second square and has text above the second square that reads "IEEE 1609 Family". The fourth square encompasses the third square is a medium shade of blue and has text above the third square that reads "IEEE 802.11-2012".)

Slide 36:

Learning Objective #2

Identify the ITS Standards to Support Communications between the Components

ASTM 2213-03

Standard Specification for Telecommunications and Information Exchange Between Roadside and Vehicle Systems — 5 GHz Band Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC) Medium Access Control (MAC) and Physical Layer (PHY) Specifications

Slide 37:

Learning Objective #2

Define Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC)

IEEE 802.11-2012

IEEE Standard for Information Technology - Telecommunications and Information Exchange Between Systems Local and Metropolitan Area Network-Specific Requirements Part 11: Wireless LAN Medium Access Control (MAC) and Physical Layer (PHY) Specifications

Slide 38:

Learning Objective #2

Define Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC)

IEEE 1609.x Family

Slide 39:

Learning Objective #2

Define Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC)

IEEE 1609.x Family

Slide 40:

Learning Objective #2

Define Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC)

IEEE 1609.x Family

Slide 41:

Learning Objective #2

Define Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC)

IEEE 1609.x Family

Slide 42:

Learning Objective #2

Identify Other Communications Technologies Being Considered

Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN)

Slide 43:

Learning Objective #2

Identify Other Communications Technologies Being Considered

Wireless Wide Area Network (WWAN)

Slide 44:

Activity. A placeholder graphic with an image of hand over a computer keyboard to show that an activity is taking place.

Slide 45:

Learning Objective #2

Which of the following is NOT a current attribute of DSRC?

Answer Choices

  1. Low latency
  2. No subscription required
  3. Widely deployed in vehicles
  4. Short to medium range

Slide 46:

Learning Objective #2

Review of Answers

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.a) Low latency
Incorrect. Low latency is a benefit of DSRC.

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.b) No subscription required
Incorrect. No subscription makes technology more accessible.

A small graphical green and yellow check mark representing correct.c) Widely deployed in vehicles
Correct! At this time, there are relatively few vehicles equipped with DSRC.

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.d) Short to medium range
Incorrect. Short to medium range is a core characteristic of DSRC.

Slide 47:

Summary of Learning Objective #2

Identify and Evaluate the Potential Communications Technologies That May Be Used in a Transit Connected Vehicle Environment

Slide 48:

Learning Objective #3: Identify the ITS Standards That Support the Transit Connected Vehicle Environment

Slide 49:

Learning Objective #3

ITS Standards for Transit

TCIP: Transit Communications Interface Protocol

Slide 50:

Learning Objective #3

ITS Standards for Transit

SIRI: Service Interface for Real-Time Information

Slide 51:

Learning Objective #3

ITS Standards for Transit

GTFS: General Transit Feed Specification

Slide 52:

Learning Objective #3

ITS Standards for Transit

TMDD: Traffic Management Data Dictionary

Slide 53:

Learning Objective #3

ITS Standards for Transit

SAE J2735: Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC) Message Set Dictionary

Basic Safety Message (BSM)

Slide 54:

Learning Objective #3

ITS Standards for Transit

SAE J2735: Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC) Message Set Dictionary

BSM Part I includes (partial list):

Slide 55:

Learning Objective #3

ITS Standards for Transit

SAE J2735: Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC) Message Set Dictionary

BSM Part II:

Slide 56:

Learning Objective #3

ITS Standards for Transit

SAE J2735: Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC) Message Set Dictionary

BSM Part II:

Slide 57:

Learning Objective #3

ITS Standards for Transit

SAE J2735: Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC) Message Set Dictionary

Slide 58:

Learning Objective #3

ITS Standards for Transit

SAE J2735: Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC) Message Set Dictionary

Slide 59:

Learning Objective #3

ITS Standards for Transit

SAE J2735: Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC) Message Set Dictionary

Slide 60:

Learning Objective #3

ITS Standards for Transit

SAE J2735: Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC) Message Set Dictionary

Slide 61:

Learning Objective #3

ITS Standards for Transit

SAE J2945 Family

Slide 62:

Learning Objective #3

ITS Standards for Transit

SAE J2945 Family

Slide 63:

Learning Objective #3

ITS Standards for Transit

SAE J2945 Family

Slide 64:

Learning Objective #3

ITS Standards for Transit

General Communications Requirements (Using DSRC)

General Communications Requirements (Using DSRC). Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: ITS Standards for Transit. The slide contains the same graphics in Slide #32, and consists of three graphics. At the upper left corner is a graphic of a train. At the lower right corner is a graphic of a bus. Connecting these two images is a graphic of a lightning bolt, to represent communications between the train and the bus. On the left, under the train, is the text: How do we communicate? IEEE 802.11, IEEE 1609.3. What language are we using? SAE J2735, SAE J2945,APTA TCIP, GTFS, SIRI, TMDD. How many people are talking in the room? IEEE 1609.4. On the right, abive the bus and to the right of the lightning bolt is the text: How do we trust each other? IEEE 1609.2 certificates.)

Slide 65:

Learning Objective #3

ITS Standards for Transit

Slide 66:

Activity. A placeholder graphic with an image of hand over a computer keyboard to show that an activity is taking place.

Slide 67:

Learning Objective #3

Which of the following is NOT a formal standard?

Answer Choices

  1. Google GTFS
  2. APTA TCIP
  3. CEN SIRI
  4. SAE J2735

Slide 68:

Learning Objective #3

Review of Answers

A small graphical green and yellow check mark representing correct.a) Google GTFS
Correct! While GTFS is often considered the de facto standard for transit, it has not undergone a formal standardization process.

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.b) APTA TCIP
Incorrect. APTA TCIP undergoes a formal standardization process.

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.c) CEN SIRI
Incorrect. CEN SIRI undergoes a formal standardization process.

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.d) SAE J2735
Incorrect. SAE J2735 undergoes a formal standardization process.

Slide 69:

Summary of Learning Objective #3

Identify the ITS Standards That Support the Transit Connected Vehicle Environment

Slide 70:

Learning Objective #4: Describe the Applications Being Developed in a Transit Connected Vehicle Environment

Slide 71:

Learning Objective #4

Applications

Slide 72:

Learning Objective #4

Applications

V2V Safety Applications

A graphic that shows a top down view of a three lane roadway. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: Applications. Author's relevant notes: This slide, with the sub-heading "V2V Safety Applications", contains a graphic that shows a top down view of a three lane roadway, with two lanes moving left to right, and one lane moving right to left. This is an animated slide. There are four vehicles traveling in the lane closest to the bottom of the graphic, and one in the middle lane. Each vehicle is surrounded by three concentric yellow circles. To the right of the vehicle in the middle lane is an arrow pointing to the right. Below the graphic are three captions: "Lane Change Warning + Blind Spot Warning," "Emergency Electronic Brake Light," and "Forward Collision Warning.")

Source: Connected Vehicle Reference Implementation Architecture (CVRIA)

Slide 73:

Learning Objective #4

Applications

V2V Safety Applications

A graphic that shows a top down view of an intersection. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: Applications. Author's relevant notes: This slide, with the sub-heading "V2V Safety Applications", contains a graphic that shows a top down view of an intersection. Each approach to the intersection has two lanes in each direction. This is an animated slide. First, the text "Intersection Movement Assist" appears at the left bottom corner of the intersection. A vehicle appears traversing the intersection from left to right in the right lane is warned of a vehicle also traversing the intersection from bottom to top. Each vehicle has three concentric circles around it, indicating both vehicles are broadcasting information. Next, the text "Left Turn Assist" appears in the upper right corner of the intersection. A vehicle appears making a left turn from the left lane, moving left to right, is warned of a vehicle also traversing the intersection from right to left. Each vehicle has three concentric circles around it, indicating both vehicles are broadcasting information.)

Source: Connected Vehicle Reference Implementation Architecture (CVRIA)

Slide 74:

Learning Objective #4

Applications

V2V Safety Applications

A top down view of an intersection. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: Applications. Author's relevant notes: A top down view of an intersection. There is an orthogonal view of a traffic signal at each corner. There is a bus in a green shaded area at a near-side bus stop at one of the intersection approaches, with a blue arrow pointing forward. The bus stop is noted by an icon with a caption reading "Bus Stop." Behind the bus is a car, with a blue arrow pointing around the bus, making a right turn at the intersection. To the right of the bus stop is a caption that reads, "Bus stop location- located on the Transit Vehicle's application processor.")

A three dimensional view of a bus stopped at an intersection. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: Author's relevant notes: A three dimensional view of a bus stopped at an intersection, with an arrow pointing forward. A car is attempting to make a right turn in front of the bus. Another vehicle is driving in the opposite direction, and several pedestrians can be seen. Above the bus is a caption that reads "Crash Warning." All vehicles have three concentric yellow circles around them. Another roadway can be seen one block away, containing a vehicle, also with the concentric circles. At the top of the diagram is a two dimensional imaged of the outline of a bus, hitting the outline of a car, on a blue background. Below this is a caption that reads "Vehicle Turning Right in Front of Bus. Warns a bus driver when a vehicle attempts to turn right in front of the bus as the bus pulls away from a bus stop.")

Source: FTA Office of Research, Development, and Innovation (left)/ U.S. Department of Transportation (right)

Slide 75:

Learning Objective #4

Applications

V2V Safety Applications

A generic railroad crossing warning symbol. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: Applications. A generic railroad crossing warning symbol, consisting of a yellow circle, with a black "X" traversing the circle. The letter "R" appears both to the right and left of the "X.")

An image of a railroad crossing. Please see the Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: Author's relevant notes: An image of a railroad crossing between a four lane roadway, and a single track railroad. There are multiple cars stopped on either side of the railroad track, and a train approaching the crossing. All cars and trains have three concentric yellow circles emitting from them. A caption above the first car on either side of the railroad crossing reads "Approaching Train." At the top of the graphic is a shaded image of a side view of a locomotive and a front view of a car, all on a red background. Below this there is a caption that reads "Connected Vehicle Safety for Rail. Warns drivers if there is a train approaching and if there is a potential risk of collision, as well as provides drivers with information on the estimated amount of time until the train clears the intersection.")

Source: U.S. Department of Transportation

Slide 76:

Learning Objective #4

Applications

Transit Specific Mobility Applications

Integrated Dynamic Transit Operations (IDTO) consist of three application areas that strive to improve mobility for transit passengers. These rely on a connected network of transit management centers.

Source: Connected Vehicle Reference Implementation Architecture (CVRIA)

Slide 77:

Learning Objective #4

Applications

Other Transit Specific Applications

Source: Connected Vehicle Reference Implementation Architecture (CVRIA)

Slide 78:

Activity. A placeholder graphic with an image of hand over a computer keyboard to show that an activity is taking place.

Slide 79:

Learning Objective #4

Which of the following is NOT an Integrated Dynamic Transit Operations (IDTO) application area?

Answer Choices

  1. Transit Connection Protection (T-CONNECT)
  2. Dynamic Transit Operations (T-DISP)
  3. Dynamic Ridesharing (D-RIDE)
  4. Forward Collision Warning (FCW)

Slide 80:

Learning Objective #4

Review of Answers

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.a) Transit Connection Protection (T-CONNECT)
Incorrect. T-CONNECT is part of IDTO.

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.b) Dynamic Transit Operations (T-DISP)
Incorrect. T-DISP is part of IDTO.

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.c) Dynamic Ridesharing (D-RIDE)
Incorrect. D-RIDE is part of IDTO.

A small graphical green and yellow check mark representing correct.d) Forward Collision Warning (FCW)
Correct! Forward Collision Warning is not an IDTO application but a V2V safety application.

Slide 81:

Summary of Learning Objective #4

Describe the Applications Being Developed in a Transit Connected Vehicle Environment

Slide 82:

Learning Objective #5: Identify the Challenges to the Successful Deployment of a Transit Connected Vehicle Environment

Slide 83:

Learning Objective #5

Describe Technical Issues Related to Deployment

Standards Are Still Evolving

Slide 84:

Learning Objective #5

Describe Technical Issues Related to Deployment

Standards Implementation

Slide 85:

Learning Objective #5

Describe Technical Issues Related to Deployment

Implementation Issues

Slide 86:

Learning Objective #5

Describe Technical Issues Related to Deployment

Testing / Certification

Slide 87:

Learning Objective #5

Describe Institutional Issues

Privacy

Slide 88:

Learning Objective #5

Describe Institutional Issues

Security

Slide 89:

Learning Objective #5

Identify Lessons Learned from Pilot Programs

Integrated Dynamic Transit Operations (IDTO)

Slide 90:

Learning Objective #5

Identify Lessons Learned from Pilot Programs

Integrated Dynamic Transit Operations (IDTO)

Findings limited due to data constraints

Slide 91:

Learning Objective #5

Identify Lessons Learned from Pilot Programs

Integrated Dynamic Transit Operations (IDTO)

Slide 92:

Learning Objective #5

Identify Lessons Learned from Pilot Programs

Integrated Dynamic Transit Operations (IDTO)

Slide 93:

Learning Objective #5

List Resources for Further Reading and Information

Connected Vehicle Reference Implementation Architecture (CVRIA)

Slide 94:

Learning Objective #5

List Resources for Further Reading and Information

ITS Standards

Slide 95:

Learning Objective #5

List Resources for Further Reading and Information

ITS Standards

Slide 96:

Learning Objective #5

List Resources for Further Reading and Information

More Resources

Slide 97:

Activity. A placeholder graphic with an image of hand over a computer keyboard to show that an activity is taking place.

Slide 98:

Learning Objective #5

Which of the following are potential barriers to implementation of transit connected vehicles?

Answer Choices

  1. Security concerns
  2. Privacy concerns
  3. Evolving standards
  4. All of the above

Slide 99:

Learning Objective #5

Review of Answers

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.a) Security concerns
Security concerns are a potential barrier because transit agencies must trust and authenticate the information.

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.b) Privacy concerns
Privacy concerns are a potential barrier to protect a transit passenger's data from other than their intended use.

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.c) Evolving standards
Evolving standards are a potential barrier because interoperability is affected.

A small graphical green and yellow check mark representing correct.d) All of the above
Correct! All of the above are issues.

Slide 100:

Summary of Learning Objective #5

Identify the Challenges to the Successful Deployment of a Transit Connected Vehicle Environment

Slide 101:

Learning Objective #6: Describe Strategies and Approaches for Deploying a Transit Connected Vehicle Environment

Slide 102:

Learning Objective #6

Describe Strategies and Approaches for Deploying

NHTSA ANPRM

Slide 103:

Learning Objective #6

Describe Strategies and Approaches for Deploying

Deployment

Slide 104:

Learning Objective #6

Describe Strategies and Approaches for Deploying

Deployment

Slide 105:

Learning Objective #6

Describe Strategies and Approaches for Deploying

Procurements

Slide 106:

Learning Objective #6

Describe Strategies and Approaches for Deploying

Conformance

Slide 107:

Activity. A placeholder graphic with an image of hand over a computer keyboard to show that an activity is taking place.

Slide 108:

Learning Objective #6

What portion of the connected vehicle environment is NHTSA proposing a rulemaking?

Answer Choices

  1. V2V safety applications for all vehicles
  2. V2V safety applications for light vehicles
  3. V2I communications capability for light vehicles
  4. V2V and V2I communications capability for all vehicles

Slide 109:

Learning Objective #6

Review of Answers

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.a) V2V safety applications for all vehicles
Incorrect. NHTSA has not yet proposed rulemaking for heavy vehicles.

A small graphical green and yellow check mark representing correct.b) V2V safety applications for light vehicles
Correct! NHTSA has proposed rulemaking for V2V communications on light vehicles.

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.c) V2I communications capability for light vehicles
Incorrect. NHTSA has not proposed rulemaking for V2I communications capability for any vehicles.

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.d) V2V and V2I communications capability for all vehicles
Incorrect. NHTSA has not proposed V2I communications capability for any vehicles and V2V for only light vehicles.

Slide 110:

Summary of Learning Objective #6

Describe Strategies and Approaches for Deploying a Transit Connected Vehicle Environment

Slide 111:

What We Have Learned

  1. Connected vehicles can address three major challenges in transportation: safety , mobility, and environment.
  2. Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC) technology has the benefit of being low latency, short to medium range, and not requiring a subscription.
  3. The use of standards will create an interoperable connected vehicle environment.
  4. Applications are pieces of software that process inputs for a specific use or purpose.
  5. The Connected Vehicle Reference Implementation Architecture (CVRIA) provides a framework that defines the interfaces for connected vehicle applications.

Slide 112:

Thank you for completing this module.