Transit Module 23: Leveraging Communications Technologies for Transit On-board Integration

HTML of the PowerPoint Presentation

(Note: This document has been converted from a PowerPoint presentation to 508-compliant HTML. The formatting has been adjusted for 508 compliance, but all the original text content is included, plus additional text descriptions for the images, photos and/or diagrams have been provided below.)


Slide 1:

This slide contains a graphic with the word “Welcome” in large letters. ITS Training Standards “WELCOME” slide, with reference to the U.S. Department of Transportation Office of Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology

 

Slide 2:

Welcome

This slide contains a graphic with the word “Welcome” in large letters, photo of Kenneth Leonard, Director ITS Joint Program Office - Ken.Leonard@dot.gov - and on the bottom is a screeshot of the ITS JPO website - www.pcb.its.dot.gov

Ken Leonard, Director
ITS Joint Program Office

Ken.Leonard@dot.gov

www.pcb.its.dot.gov

 

Slide 3:

Module 23:

Leveraging Communications Technologies for Transit On-board Integration

This slide, entitled "Module 23: Leveraging Communications Technologies for Transit Onboard Integration" has a graphic showing a bus at a 45 degree angle, with the back of the bus toward the top of the slide and the front of the bus toward the bottom of the slide. Above the middle of the bus is a yellow circle in which the words "Mobile IoT Gateway" (IoT meaning Internet of Things) are written along with a graphic of an on-board mobile gateway router (MGR), which will be defined in Learning Objective 2. Several items are shown connected to this yellow circle. The first is a grey circle that contains a graphic of a satellite with the abbreviation AVL just below the satellite, and is connected to the yellow circle with a black line. The second is a graphic of the bus operator and is connected with a line with an arrow at both ends. To the right of the driver are the words "Enhanced Operator Functions." The third is two grey circles, one with the graphic of a video camera and the words "Live Video" under the camera graphic, and the other with a graphic of two bus passengers with the abbreviation "APC" under the graphic of the passengers. The words above the two grey circles are "Edge Computing Analytics." The yellow circle is connected to these two grey circles with a line with an arrow at both ends. The fourth is a grey cloud with five graphics inside of it – tools; two circular lines – one at the top of a circle with an arrow pointed in a counterclockwise direction and the other at the bottom of a circle with an arrow pointed in a counterclockwise direction; a bar graph with an x and y axis; a stopwatch and a triangle with an exclamation point inside of it. Above these five graphics are the words "Cloud Services." The yellow circle is connected to the cloud graphic with a line with an arrow at both ends. Two graphics are connected to the cloud graphic. One item is two graphics – a person on a bicycle and a person riding a scooter – with the words "Mobility Options Integration." This item is connected to the cloud graphic with a line with arrows at both ends. The other item is two graphics – a person boarding the bus and a person standing outside of the bus – with the words "Personalized Customer Services" to the left of the two graphics. This item is connected to the cloud graphic with a line with arrows at both ends.

Graphic courtesy of Don Murphy, IBI Group

 

Slide 4:

Instructor

Photo of Carol Schweiger, President, Schweiger Consulting

Carol Schweiger

President

Schweiger Consulting

 

Slide 5:

Learning Objectives

 

Slide 6:

Learning Objective 1

Review Key Concepts from Module 19 On-board Transit Management Systems for Buses

 

Slide 7:

How to Use the Most Prevalent Standards for On-board Transit Management Systems

Summary of Contents and Use of SAE J1587

There is a graphic at the bottom of this slide. There is one rectangular box labeled "J1587 Message" with five smaller boxes inside. The first inside box on the far left-hand side is labeled "MID." The small box to the right of this box is labeled "Parameter." The small box to the right of this box is labeled "Parameter." The small box to the right of this box is labeled "Parameter." The small box to the right of this box is labeled "Checksum."

 

Slide 8:

How to Use the Most Prevalent Standards for On-board Transit Management Systems

Summary of Contents and Use of SAE J1587 (continued)

 

Slide 9:

How to Use the Most Prevalent Standards for On-board Transit Management Systems

Summary of Contents and Use of SAE J1708

 

Slide 10:

How to Use the Most Prevalent Standards for On-board Transit Management Systems

Summary of Contents and Use of SAE J1708 (continued)

 

Slide 11:

How to Use the Most Prevalent Standards for On-board Transit Management Systems

Summary of Contents and Use of SAE J1939

 

Slide 12:

How to Use the Most Prevalent Standards for On-board Transit Management Systems

Summary of Contents and Use of SAE J1939 (continued)

 

Slide 13:

How to Use the Most Prevalent Standards for On-board Transit Management Systems

Summary of Use of Wireless Access Points and On-board Internet

 

Slide 14:

Use of On-board Standards to Provide a Single-point Logon

Single-point Logon at King County Metro

Example of Use of On-board Standards to Provide a Single-point Logon. Subtitle is Single-point Logon at King County Metro. This slide is a graphic showing boxes, each containing an on-board component, that are connected via either lines or lightning bolts. In the upper-left hand part of the graphic is a box labeled "Base" connected via a lightning bolt to a box labeled "Mobile Access Router" which is located in the upper-left hand part of the center of the graphic. In the center-left hand part of the graphic is a box labeled "Roadside" connected via a lightning bolt to the "Mobile Access Router" box. In the upper-right hand part of the graphic is a box labeled "Control Center" which is connected via a lightning bolt that is labeled "700 MHz" to a box labeled "Mobile Radio." The Mobile Radio box is located in the upper-right hand part of the center of the graphic, and is connected via a line to a box labeled "Vehicle Logic Unit" that is below the Mobile Radio box. The Vehicle Logic Unit is connected via a line to a box labeled "Other On-Board Devices." The Other On-Board Devices box is located below the Vehicle Logic Unit box. To the left of the Other On-Board Devices box is a box labeled "Fare Transaction Processor." These two boxes are not connected. To the left of the Fare Transaction Processor box is a box labeled "Driver Display Unit." There is a small box located above the Driver Display Unit and Fare Transaction Processor boxes. The Driver Display Unit is connected to the small box with a line, as is the Fare Transaction Processor box. This small box is connected to the Mobile Access Router box with a line. There is a small dashed box located above the Vehicle Logic Unit box, and it is connected to the Vehicle Logic Unity box via a line that has arrows at both ends. This small box is connected to the Mobile Access Router box via a line that has arrows at both ends. Finally this small box is connected to a box labeled "Digital Video Recorder" via a dashed line that has arrows at both ends.

Example icon. Can be real-world (case study), hypothetical, a sample of a table, etc.

 

Slide 15:

This slide contains a graphic with the word "Case Study" in large letters. A placeholder graphic of a traffic control center indicating that a real-world case study follows.

 

Slide 16:

Illustrate How to Procure Systems Using Transit Onboard Management Standards

Summary of How to Procure Systems Using Transit On-Board Standards

 

Slide 17:

Illustrate How to Procure Systems Using Transit Onboard Management Standards

NTD CAD/AVL On-board Systems

Illustrate how to procure systems using transit on-board management standards. Subtitle is NTD CAD/AVL On-board Systems: This graphic shows an example of the relationships among various ITS technologies onboard an NTD vehicle. The orange boxes show existing systems that are integrated through the use of J1708/J1587. The purple boxes show the required and deployed core systems, and the red boxes show systems that may be deployed in the future. The black lines are connections made using the vehicle area network (VAN) that employs J1708/J1587. In the center of the diagram is a purple box labeled MDT (Mobile Data Terminal). Coming from the top of MDT, is a black line that is connected to a purple box labeled "APC," an orange box labeled "Headsign," an orange box labeled "Farebox" and a red box labeled "Maintenance Network Gateway." To the left of the MDT box is a line connecting to boxes labeled "GPS Receiver and Antenna," (purple) "Odometer," (purple) "Doors," (orange), "Covert Alarm Switch," (purple) "Cell Data Modem," (purple) and "Wheelchair" (orange). The APC is connected to the front-door sensor and rear-door sensor via an alternative link. Connected by another vehicle area network to the MDT are the Interior DMS (purple) and the AVA Controller (purple) via a black line, and the DVR (red) via a red line which indicates an Ethernet connection. The AVA controller is then connected to the PA System and Ambient Noise Control Microphone. The DVR is connected to internal and external cameras.

 

Slide 18:

Illustrate How to Procure Systems Using Transit Onboard Management Standards

CDTA ITMS - System Procurement

 

Slide 19:

Illustrate How to Procure Systems Using Transit Onboard Management Standards

AAATA CAD/AVL On-board System - System Procurement

Illustrate how to procure systems using transit on-board management standards. Subtitle is AAATA CAD/AVL On-board System – System Procurement. This graphic shows an example of the relationships among various ITS technologies onboard an AAATA vehicle. The orange boxes show existing systems that are integrated through the use of J1708/J1587. The purple boxes show the required and deployed core systems, and the red boxes show systems that may be deployed in the future. The black lines are connections made using the vehicle area network (VAN) that employs J1708/J1587. In the center of the diagram is a purple box labeled MDT (Mobile Data Terminal). Coming from the top of MDT, is a black line that is connected to a purple box labeled "APC," an orange box labeled "Headsign," an orange box labeled "Farebox" and a red box labeled "Maintenance Network Gateway." Several orange boxes are connected to the Maintenance Network Gateway: ABS, Powertrain, HVAC, Multiplex and Drivetrain. To the left of the MDT box is a line connecting to boxes labeled "GPS Receiver and Antenna," (purple) "Odometer & Gyro," (purple) "Doors," (orange), "Covert Alarm Switch," (purple) "Data Modem," (purple) and "Wheelchair" (orange). The APC is connected to the front-door sensor and rear-door sensor via an alternative link. Connected by the vehicle area network (a black line) to the MDT are the Interior DMS (purple), the AVA Controller (purple) and the DVR (purple). The AVA controller is then connected to the PA System and Ambient Noise Control Microphone. The DVR is connected to internal and external cameras. There is a red line (meaning an Ethernet connection) that connects the Data Modem box with Onboard Wireless Gateway (purple). Then the Onboard Wireless Gateway is connected to the DVR via a red line.

 

Slide 20:

Activity Placeholder: This slide has the word “Activity” in large letters at the top of the slide, with a graphic of a hand on a computer keyboard below it.

 

Slide 21:

Question

Which one of these differences between SAE J1939 and J1708 is NOT true?

Answer Choices

  1. J1939 is much faster than J1708
  2. J1939 permits a connection of more devices than J1708
  3. J1939 is based on the Controller Area Network (CAN)
  4. J1939 covers the same number of OSI layers as J1708

 

Slide 22:

Review of Answers

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.a) J1939 is much faster than J1708
Incorrect. SAE J1939 has a data rate of 250,000 bits per second, making it much faster than J1708.

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.b) J1939 permits a connection of more devices than J1708
Incorrect. SAE J1939 also permits a connection of up to 30 units compared to a maximum of 20 for a J1708 network.

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.c) J1939 is based on the Controller Area Network (CAN)
Incorrect. J1708 is not based on the CAN.

A small graphical green and yellow check mark representing correct.d) J1939 covers the same number of OSI layers as J1708
Correct! J1939 covers all 7 layers while J1708 only covers 2.

 

Slide 23:

Learning Objective 2

Describe how to use current communication technology for on-board systems integration for buses

 

Slide 24:

Use of Mobile Gateway Routers (MGRs)

Introduction to Module

There is a photo of a farebox on the right-hand side of the slide.

 

Slide 25:

Use of MGRs

Definitions

 

Slide 26:

Use of MGRs

Chronology of On-board Communications Technology

Please see Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: Graphical slide with stylized sections showing the chronology of communications technology, working from top to bottom with blue arrows pointing from 1990 to 2005 to Today in a bulleted list:

1990

2005

Today

)

 

Slide 27:

Use of MGRs

Vision of Communications Technologies in Future

On the left-hand side of this slide is the same graphic shown in Slide 3.

 

Slide 28:

Use of MGRs

Applications that use On-board Communications Technologies

There is a photo on the right-hand side of this slide of two on-board computer display screens to the right of where the bus operator sits.

 

Slide 29:

Use of MGRs

Applications that use On-board Communications Technologies

This slide has a photo of a person boarding a Kansas City Area Transportation Authority (KCATA) MAX bus at a bus stop with a dynamic message sign that shows real-time information to the left of the person boarding the bus.

 

Slide 30:

Use of MGRs

Please see Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: This slide, entitled "Use of MGRs" with a subtitle of "Communications Technology Architecture Today (Gen 1.5)*" has a graphic showing a bus at a 45 degree angle, with the back of the bus toward the top of the slide and the front of the bus toward the bottom of the slide. The asterisk after the subtitle means that not all on-board devices are Internet Protocol (IP)-ready in Generation 1.5.

Throughout the inside of the bus are red lines representing an on-board Ethernet/IP network that has on-board technologies connected to it. There are 13 technologies connected to this on-board network. From the front of the bus to the back of the bus, these technologies are:

There is a blue line representing a Serial/J1708/Other connection between the IVU/VLU circle and a black circle with the words "Head Sign" in it.)

 

Slide 31:

Use of MGRs

Please see Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: This slide, entitled "Use of MGRs" with a subtitle of "Communications Technologies Architecture Today (Gen 2)" has a graphic showing a bus at a 45 degree angle, with the back of the bus toward the top of the slide and the front of the bus toward the bottom of the slide. Throughout the inside of the bus are red lines representing an on-board Ethernet/IP network that has on-board technologies connected to it. There are 12 technologies connected to this on-board network. From the front of the bus to the back of the bus, these technologies are:

)

Slide 32:

Use of MGRs

This slide, entitled "Use of MGRs" with a subtitle of "On-Board Integrated Technologies" has a graphic showing a bus, a cloud graphic above the bus containing the words "Cloud or Data Center" and a building that is labeled "Operations Center" to the right-hand side of the bus. The back of the bus is toward the right of the slide and the front of the bus toward the left of the slide. Throughout the inside of the bus are blue lines representing an on-board vehicle area network (VAN) that has on-board technologies connected to it. In the middle of the bus is a graphic representation of an On-board Mobile Gateway Router (OMGR), which has a blue line coming out of the left of it and a blue line coming out of the right of it. Directly above the OMGR touching the top of the bus is a Wi-Fi graphic (lines emanating from a black dot), and right above the Wi-Fi graphic is the cloud graphic. There is an MDT connected to the left of the OMGR. There are three black boxes connected with the blue line to the right of the OMGR. These black boxes represent on-board technologies. There is a black line between the cloud graphic and the building that represents an Operations Center.

 

Slide 33:

Determine and Select the Best Available Network

Determining the best network for each data stream

 

Slide 34:

Determine and Select the Best Available Network

Mechanics of data traffic prioritization

*QoS is a family of evolving Internet standards that provides ways to give preferential treatment to certain types of IP traffic.

 

Slide 35:

Determine and Select the Best Available Network

Connect to multiple communication systems

 

Slide 36:

Determine and Select the Best Available Network

Complicated Data Transaction Example

In the lower right-hand corner of the slide is a graphic representing a credit card with a chip in it and below that graphic is a graphic representing an MGR.

*Stateful firewalls can watch traffic streams from end to end. They are aware of communication paths and can implement various IP Security (IPsec) functions.

 

Slide 37:

Use of Cloud Platforms and Web Services

Types of cloud platforms and web services

 

Slide 38:

Use of Cloud Platforms and Web Services

Cloud service model categories

 

Slide 39:

Using Current Communication Technology to Conduct On-board Functions

Introduction to Example One

 

Slide 40:

Using Current Communication Technology to Conduct On-board Functions

Introduction to Example Two

 

Slide 41:

Using Current Communication Technology to Conduct On-board Functions

Valley Regional Transit

Example icon. Can be real-world (case study), hypothetical, a sample of a table, etc.

 

Slide 42:

Using Current Communication Technology to Conduct On-board Functions

Valley Regional Transit (continued)

There is a photo of a Valley Regional Transit bus at the bottom of the slide.  The word “Example” is in a box in the lower right-hand corner of the slide.

Example icon. Can be real-world (case study), hypothetical, a sample of a table, etc.

 

Slide 43:

Using Current Communication Technology to Conduct On-board Functions

Valley Regional Transit (concluded)

Example icon. Can be real-world (case study), hypothetical, a sample of a table, etc.

 

Slide 44:

Using Current Communication Technology to Conduct On-board Functions

LA Metro Existing TSP Architecture

Please see Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: This slide, entitled "Using current communication technology to conduct on-board functions" with a subtitle of "LA Metro Existing TSP Architecture" has a graphic showing an LA Metro Rapid bus in the lower right-hand side of the slide, a traffic signal and signal cabinet in the lower left-hand side of the side, a cloud graphic above the signal cabinet, and a cloud graphic and transit operations center (TOC) graphic to the right of this cloud graphic, both of which are above the back of the bus. The front of the bus is pointed toward the left-hand side of the slide.

Within the bus, there are several boxes representing on-board technologies. Inside the front of the bus is a blue box labeled "802.11 Radio." It is connected using a blue line to a graphic for a Wi-Fi antenna, which is sitting on top of the bus right above the 802.11 Radio. Connected to the right of the 802.11 Radio via a blue line is a blue box labeled "BSP OBU." There is a small blue rectangle in the lower right-hand side of the BSP OBU box labeled "DTRP" (which stands for Decision to Request Priority). The BSP OBU box is connected using a blue line to a graphic for a GPS antenna, which is sitting on top of the bus right above the BSP OBU.

To the right of the BSP OBU box is a blue box labeled "CAD/AVL." The CAD/AVL box is connected using a blue line to a graphic for a GPS antenna, which is sitting on top of the bus right above the CAD/AVL. Connected to the right of the CAD/AVL via a blue line is a blue box labeled "508 MHz Data Radio." The 508 MHz Data Radio box is connected using a blue line to a graphic for a data radio antenna, which is sitting on top of the bus right above the 508 MHz Data Radio.

The Data Radio Antenna is connected to the cloud labeled "Agency-Owned 508 MHz Data Radio System" in the upper right-hand side of the slide via a lightning bolt. This cloud is connected via a blue line to a graphic presenting a TOC. Right below the TOC graphic is a blue box labeled "CAD."

The Wi-Fi antenna is connected to a cloud labeled "CSP WLAN" via a lightning bolt. This cloud is connected to the signal cabinet via a lightning bolt. The signal cabinet contains three blue boxes. From the bottom inside the signal cabinet to the top inside of the signal cabinet, the three blue boxes are signal controller, terminal server and 802.11 Radio. The 802.11 Radio is connected to a graphic representing a Wi-Fi antenna which is on top of the signal cabinet. The Wi-Fi antenna is connected to the CSP WLAN cloud via a lightning bolt. There is a small rectangle in the lower right-hand side of the signal controller labeled "DTGP," (which stands for Decision to Grant Priority). The traffic signal graphic is connected to the signal controller inside the signal cabinet via a blue line.

Right above the traffic signal is a legend to the abbreviations on the slide as follows:

The word "Example" is in a box in the lower right-hand corner of the slide.)

Example icon. Can be real-world (case study), hypothetical, a sample of a table, etc.

 

Slide 45:

Using Current Communication Technology to Conduct On-board Functions

LA Metro Next Generation Cloud-based TSP

Please see Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: This slide, entitled "Using current communication technology to conduct on-board functions" with a subtitle of "LA Metro Next Generation Cloud-based TSP" has a graphic showing an LA Metro Rapid bus in the bottom of the slide. The front of the bus is pointed toward the left-hand side of the slide.

Within the bus, there are several boxes representing on-board technologies. Inside the front of the bus is a blue box labeled "CAD/AVL." There is a small blue rectangle in the lower right-hand side of the CAD/AVL box labeled "DTRP" (which stands for Decision to Request Priority). Connected to the right of the CAD/AVL via a blue line is a blue box labeled "MGR." The MGR box is connected using a blue line to a blue box labeled "802.11/DSRC Radio" which is above the MGR. The MGR box is also connected using a blue line to another blue box labeled "Cellular/Data Radio" which is above the MGR. Connected to the right of the MGR via a blue line are two unlabeled boxes that represent other on-board systems.

The 802.11/DSRC Radio is connected via a blue line to a graphic representing an antenna on top of the bus. This antenna is connected via a lightning bolt to the upper left-hand area of the slide. Above the end of the bolt are the words "802.11 to Legacy CSP" and below the end of the bolt are the words "DSRC to CV signal."

The Cellular/Data Radio is connected via a blue line to a graphic representing an antenna on top of the bus. This antenna is connected via a lightning bolt to the upper right-hand area of the slide. Above the end of the bolt are the words "Cellular to BSPaaS cloud."

The word "Example" is in a box in the lower right-hand corner of the slide.)

Example icon. Can be real-world (case study), hypothetical, a sample of a table, etc.

 

Slide 46:

Using Current Communication Technology to Conduct On-board Functions

LA Metro Cloud-based TSP Information Flow

Please see Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: This slide, entitled "Using current communication technology to conduct on-board functions" with a subtitle of "LA Metro Cloud-based TSP Information Flow" has a graphic showing an LA Metro Rapid bus labeled "Bus (on Next-Gen Corridor)" in the lower right-hand part of the slide. The front of the bus is pointed toward the left-hand side of the slide.

Within the bus, there are several boxes representing on-board technologies. Inside the front of the bus is a blue box labeled "CAD/AVL." There is a small blue rectangle in the lower right-hand side of the CAD/AVL box labeled "DTRP" (which stands for Decision to Request Priority). Connected to the right of the CAD/AVL via a blue line is a blue box labeled "MGR." The MGR box is connected using a blue line to a blue box labeled "802.11/DSRC Radio" which is above the MGR. The MGR box is also connected using a blue line to another blue box labeled "Cellular/Data Radio" which is above the MGR. Connected to the right of the MGR via a blue line are two unlabeled boxes that represent other on-board systems.

The 802.11/DSRC Radio is connected via a blue line to a graphic representing an antenna on top of the bus. The Cellular/Data Radio is connected via a blue line to a graphic representing an antenna on top of the bus. This antenna is connected via a lightning bolt to a cloud graphic labeled "Commercial Cellular/Data Radio to Network." To the left of this cloud is a flesh-colored line with an arrow pointed to the top of the slide. To the left of the line is the following text:

"Bus priority information:

This cloud is connected via a lightning bolt to another cloud labeled "BSP-as-a-Service Platform." In the bottom of this cloud is a blue box labeled "Analytics." Connected via a blue line to the left of this cloud is a circle labeled "Internet." The blue line is labeled "3rd Party API Access." The BSP-as-a-Service Platform cloud is connected via a blue line to a graphic representing a TOC, which is to the right of this cloud. Above this blue line is a flesh-colored line with an arrow to the right labeled "Analyzed Data." To the right of the TOC is a blue box labeled "CAD." Below the TOC graphic is a blue box labeled "BSP Data and Reporting."

The BSP-as-a-Service Platform cloud is connected via a blue line to a graphic labeled TMC (transportation management center). Right below the TOC graphic is a blue box labeled "ATMS" (Advanced Traffic Management System). Within the ATMS box is a small rectangle labeled DTGP. There is a flesh-colored line with an arrow at the end that goes from the TMC to the BSP-as-a-Service Platform cloud labeled "Action taken." There is a flesh-colored line with an arrow at the end that goes from the BSP-as-a-Service Platform to the TMC labeled "NTCIP 1211/ATMS standard priority request."

The TMC is connected via a blue line to a signal cabinet to the left. Within the signal cabinet are two blue boxes. Within the bottom of the signal cabinet is one of the blue boxes labeled "Signal Controller" and the blue box right above that box connected using a blue line is labeled "Field Communication Hub." There is a flesh-colored line labeled "NTCIP 1211 priority request" with an arrow at the end from the TMC to the signal cabinet. There is a flesh-colored line labeled "Action taken" with an arrow at the end from the signal cabinet to the TMC.

The Signal Controller is connected via a blue line to a traffic signal.

The word "Example" is in a box in the lower left-hand corner of the slide.)

Example icon. Can be real-world (case study), hypothetical, a sample of a table, etc.

 

Slide 47:

Using Current Communication Technology to Conduct On-board Functions

LA Metro TSP Concept Exploration

There is an aerial photo of a four way intersection with vehicles queued and turning on the right-hand side of the slide.

Example icon. Can be real-world (case study), hypothetical, a sample of a table, etc.

 

Slide 48:

Using Current Communication Technology to Conduct On-board Functions

LA Metro BSPaaS Concept

Please see Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: This slide, entitled "Using current communication technology to conduct on-board functions" with a subtitle of "LA Metro BSPaaS Concept" has a graphic showing an LA Metro Rapid bus in the lower right-hand side of the slide, a signal cabinet in the lower left-hand side of the slide, a signal cabinet in the upper left-hand side of the slide, TMC graphic to the right of the signal cabinet in upper left-hand side of the slide, TOC graphic above the bus to the right, and several clouds and a circle representing the Internet. The front of the bus is pointed toward the left-hand side of the slide.

Within the bus, there are several boxes representing on-board technologies. Inside the front of the bus is a graphic labeled "VLU." It is connected using a blue line to a graphic for a GPS antenna, which is sitting on top of the bus right above the VLU. Connected to the right of the VLU via a blue line is a graphic labeled "MGR." There are two small blue boxes right below the MGR labeled "SIM" and "GPS". The MGR is connected using a blue line to a graphic for a Cellular Antenna, which is sitting on top of the bus right above the MGR. The MGR is connected via a blue line to nine unlabeled boxes representing other on-board systems.

The Cellular Antenna is connected via a lightning bolt to a blue box labeled "CAD" which is located right below a TOC graphic. The Cellular Antenna is also connected to a cloud labeled "Commercial Cellular Network" via a lightning bolt. This cloud is connected to a graphic representing a router inside of the signal cabinet that is located in the lower left-hand side of the slide. Right below this router is a small blue box labeled "SIM." Connected to the router via a blue line is a blue box labeled "Signal Controller." This Signal Controller is connected to a traffic signal via a blue line.

The TOC is connected via a lightning bolt to a cloud labeled "Transit Operations Platform." In the lower right-hand corner of this cloud is a blue box labeled "DTRP." This cloud is connected via a blue line labeled "API Access" to a gray circle labeled "Internet." The cloud labeled "Commercial Cellular Network" is connected to the same gray circle labeled "Internet" via a blue line.

The Signal Cabinet located in the upper left-hand side of the slide contains two blue boxes. The box in the top of the Signal Cabinet is labeled "Field Communication Hub." The Field Communication Hub is connected via a blue line to the blue box labeled "Signal Controller." The Signal Controller is connected to a traffic signal located to the left of the signal cabinet via a blue line.

The Signal Cabinet in the upper left-hand side of the slide is connected to a graphic representing a TMC via a blue line. The TMC is located to the right of this Signal Cabinet. The TMC is connected via a lightning bolt to a cloud labeled "Signal System Platform." There is a blue box labeled "DTGP" located in the lower right-hand portion of this cloud. This Signal System Platform cloud is connected via a blue line labeled "API Access" to the circle labeled "Internet."

Right above the TOC graphic is a legend to the abbreviations on the slide as follows:

The word "Example" is in a box in the lower right-hand corner of the slide.)

Example icon. Can be real-world (case study), hypothetical, a sample of a table, etc.

 

Slide 49:

Activity Placeholder: This slide has the word “Activity” in large letters at the top of the slide, with a graphic of a hand on a computer keyboard below it.

 

Slide 50:

Question

What is the difference between Generation 1.5 and 2.0 of on-board architectures?

Answer Choices

  1. The mobile gateway router (MGR) was introduced in Generation 2
  2. Not all on-board devices are IP-ready in Generation 1.5
  3. On-board analytics and "smarts" stay on-board in Generation 2
  4. Ethernet is no longer used in Generation 2

 

Slide 51:

Review of Answers

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.a) The mobile gateway router (MGR) was introduced in Generation 2
Incorrect. The MGR was introduced in Generation 1.5

A small graphical green and yellow check mark representing correct.b) Not all on-board devices are IP-ready in Generation 1.5
Correct! Not all devices are IP-ready currently

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.c) On-board analytics & "smarts" stay on-board in Generation 2
Incorrect. Core functions remain on-bus with on-board analytics & "smarts" move into the cloud

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.d) Ethernet is no longer used in Generation 2
Incorrect. Ethernet continues to be used in Generation 2

 

Slide 52:

Learning Objective 3

Illustrate how to procure systems that use current communication technology for on-board systems

 

Slide 53:

This slide contains a graphic with the word "Case Study" in large letters. A placeholder graphic of a traffic control center indicating that a real-world case study follows.

 

Slide 54:

Procuring and implementing CAD/AVL system using an MGR

Capital District Transportation Authority (CDTA) Intelligent Transportation Management System (ITMS)

Supplement icon indicating items or information that are further explained/detailed in the Student Supplement.

 

Slide 55:

Procuring and Implementing CAD/AVL System Using an MGR

CDTA ITMS MGRs

There is a photo of a CDTA bus on the bottom of this slide.

Supplement icon indicating items or information that are further explained/detailed in the Student Supplement.

 

Slide 56:

Procuring and Implementing CAD/AVL System Using an MGR

CDTA ITMS MGRs

 

Slide 57:

Procuring and Implementing CAD/AVL System Using an MGR

CDTA ITMS MGRs

 

Slide 58:

This slide contains a graphic with the word "Case Study" in large letters. A placeholder graphic of a traffic control center indicating that a real-world case study follows.

 

Slide 59:

Procuring System Requiring On-board Integration and Transaction Processing

TriMet's Hop Fastpass

Supplement icon indicating items or information that are further explained/detailed in the Student Supplement.

 

Slide 60:

Procuring System Requiring On-board Integration and Transaction Processing

TriMet's Hop Fastpass (continued)

Supplement icon indicating items or information that are further explained/detailed in the Student Supplement.

 

Slide 61:

Procuring System Requiring On-board Integration and Transaction Processing

TriMet's Hop Fastpass (continued)

Please see Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: This slide, entitled "Procuring system requiring on-board integration and transaction processing" with a subtitle of "TriMet's Hop Fastpass (continued)" has a flowchart showing and excerpt of a larger flowchart describing TriMet's fare system.

There is a legend in the upper right-hand corner of the slide showing the following:

On the far left of the flowchart excerpt are four boxes. From top to bottom, the boxes are labeled "On-board Validators," "Off-board Validators," "Retail Device" and "Mobile Inspection Device." The On-board Validators box is connected via a lightning bolt to a cloud graphic with the words "Internet (VPN)/TriMet LAN" inside of it. The Off-board Validators and Retail Devices boxes are connected to this cloud via red dashed lines. The Mobile Inspection Device is connected via a lightning bolt to this cloud.

The Internet (VPN)/TriMet LAN cloud is connected via a yellow line to a computer labeled "Device Monitoring and Management System" located to the right of this cloud. This computer is connected via a yellow line to a computer labeled "Maintenance Management System" which is located to the right of the Device Monitoring and Management System. The Maintenance Management System is connected via a yellow line to a computer labeled "TriMet MMIS" and via a yellow line to a computer labeled "Data Warehouse."

Above and to the left of the Device Monitoring and Management System is a laptop graphic labeled "Device Monitoring Tool." Above and to the right of the Maintenance Management System is a laptop graphic labeled "Maintenance Management Tool."

The Internet (VPN)/TriMet LAN cloud is connected via a red line to a computer labeled "Account-based Processor." The Account-based Processor is connected via a green line to a computer labeled "Financial Clearing and Settlement System." The Financial Clearing and Settlement System is connected via a green line to a computer labeled "Data Warehouse."

The Data Warehouse is connected via all four colors to a computer labeled "Reporting." Located above and to the right of Reporting is a laptop labeled Reporting Tool.
The Account-based Processor is connected via a red line to a computer labeled "TVM Back Office." The TVM Back Office is connected via a red line to a box labeled "Ticket Vending Machine."

The Account based Processor is connected via a red line to a cloud labeled "Retail Network."

The word "Supplement" is in a box located in the lower right-hand corner of the slide.)

Supplement icon indicating items or information that are further explained/detailed in the Student Supplement.

 

Slide 62:

Procuring System Requiring On-board Integration and Transaction Processing

TriMet's Hop Fastpass - Complex Transaction Processing

Supplement icon indicating items or information that are further explained/detailed in the Student Supplement.

 

Slide 63:

This slide contains a graphic with the word "Case Study" in large letters. A placeholder graphic of a traffic control center indicating that a real-world case study follows.

 

Slide 64:

Migrating to Using Current Communication Technology

Alameda-Contra Costa Transit District (AC Transit)

Please see Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: This figure contains bulleted text lists that are connected by brackets. The main bulleted list on the left is as follows:

The bullet "CAD/AVL and land mobile radio (LMR) systems in place since 2003" in the left-hand column is connected to three bullets on the right of the slide via a bracket:

On the right, a separate bullet "User Experience and reliability - critical considerations when weighing all options" is connected to the following bullets in the left-hand column via a bracket:

)

 

Slide 65:

Migrating to Using Current Communication Technology

AC Transit - Public Broadband: A viable option

Author's relevant description for this figure: This slide, entitled "Migrating to using current communication technology" with a subtitle of "AC Transit - Public Broadband: A viable option" has four graphics with text located in each corner of the slide. The text in the upper left-hand corner of the slide is titled "Quick Deployment," and the text under it is "With no expensive infrastructure to build out, a network can be quickly deployed with limited disruption to daily operating procedures." The graphic to the right of this text is a stopwatch. The text in the upper right-hand corner of the slide is titled "Reliability," and text under it is "Broadband networks backed by 24/7 – 365-day support personnel to ensure uptime and reliability." The graphic to the left of this text is a human head wearing a headset including a microphone. The text in the lower left-hand corner of the slide is titled "Reduced Costs, and the text under it is "No expensive network to procure, deploy and maintain. No dedicated resources needed for maintenance or enhancements." The graphic to the right of this text is a down arrow with a dollar sign in the middle of it. The text in the lower right-hand corner of the slide is titled "No Fears of Obsolescence," and the text under it is "Unlike closed private networks, the mobile broadband networks are continuously being enhanced and they will not become obsolete." The graphic to the left of this text is a cog with arrows showing it moving in a clockwise direction.

AC Transit logo

 

Slide 66:

Migrating to Using Current Communication Technology

AC Transit - Solution

To the right of the bullets is a photo of the interior of a bus in the direction of the back of the bus.

Example icon. Can be real-world (case study), hypothetical, a sample of a table, etc.

 

Slide 67:

Migrating to Using Current Communication Technology

AC Transit - Benefits of Multiple Communications Technology

 

Slide 68:

Migrating to Using Current Communication Technology

AC Transit - Digital Framework

Please see Extended Text Description below.

(Extended Text Description: This slide, entitled "Migrating to using current communication technology" with a subtitle of "AC Transit - Digital Framework" has an interconnected graphic with five portions of the graphic, each in a corner of the slide and one in the center.

The center of the slide is entitled "Data and Analytics Platform." There are five pink ovals that surround this title and are connected in a circle via a pink dotted line around the title. Going clockwise starting at the Noon position, the ovals are labeled "Algorithmic Transport," "Traffic Analysis," Operational Intelligence," "Autonomous Vehicles," and "Predictive Analytics."

The upper left-hand corner of the slide is entitled "Customer Experience Platform." There are five light blue ovals that surround this title and are connected in a circle via a light blue dotted line around the title. Going from left to right, the ovals are labeled "Mobility as a Service," "Ride Sharing," "Real-Time Mobile and In-Vehicle Updates," "Mobile Ticketing," and "Personalized Route Planning."

The upper right-hand corner of the slide is entitled "Ecosystems Platform." There are five orange ovals that surround this title and are connected in a circle via an orange dotted line around the title. Going from left to right, the ovals are labeled "Retailers/Airport," "Travel Agencies," "Multimodal," "Supply Chain Partners," and "Emergency Services."

The lower right-hand corner of the slide is entitled "Information Systems Platform." There are five gray ovals that surround this title and are connected in a circle via a gray dotted line around the title. Going from right to left, the ovals are labeled "MRO," "Operations Control and Dispatch," "Electronic Fare Management Systems," "Data Management," and "Transportation Management Systems."

The lower left-hand corner of the slide is entitled "IoT Platform." There are four dark blue ovals that surround this title and are connected in a circle via a dark blue dotted line around the title. Going from left to tight, the ovals are labeled "Remote Monitoring," "Security Surveillance," "Assisted-Driving Vehicles" and "Fleet Management."

The last four parts of the Digital Framework are connected to the first part in the middle of the graphic, Data and Analytics Platform.

The word "Customers" is placed in the upper left-hand corner of the slide, "Partners" in the upper right-hand corner of the slide, "Employees" in the lower right-hand corner of the slide, and "Things" in the lower left-hand corner of the slide.)

 

Slide 69:

Activity Placeholder: This slide has the word “Activity” in large letters at the top of the slide, with a graphic of a hand on a computer keyboard below it.

 

Slide 70:

Question

CDTA's selection of an OMGR included which considerations?

Answer Choices

  1. Need to operate both private and public networks for internal data transfer and public Wi-Fi
  2. Flexibility to handle multiple inputs, antennae and multiple SIM cards for redundancy
  3. Hardware needed to be already deployed and proven to be reliable
  4. All of the above

 

Slide 71:

Review of Answers

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.a) Need to operate both private and public networks for internal data transfer and public Wi-Fi
Incorrect. This answer is correct along with b and c

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.b) Flexibility to handle multiple inputs, antennae and multiple SIM cards for redundancy
Incorrect. This answer is correct along with a and c

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.c) Hardware needed to be already deployed and proven to be reliable
Incorrect. This answer is correct along with a and b

A small graphical green and yellow check mark representing correct.d) All of the above
Correct! All statements are correct

 

Slide 72:

Question

Which one of these benefits has been experienced by AC Transit due to their implementation of multiple technology communications?

Answer Choices

  1. Limit service area coverage
  2. Provide a path for technology evolution
  3. Eliminate LMR assets
  4. Reduce the number of FCC licenses

 

Slide 73:

Review of Answers

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.a) Limit service area coverage
Incorrect. One of the benefits was to extend service area coverage

A small graphical green and yellow check mark representing correct.b) Provide a path for technology evolution
Correct! This was one of the benefits resulting from the deployment of multiple communication technologies.

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.c) Eliminate LMR assets
Incorrect. One of the benefits was to leverage capitalized LMR assets longer.

A small graphical red and yellow X representing incorrect.d) Reduce the number of FCC licenses
Incorrect. One of the benefits was to maintain FCC licenses through active use of channels.

 

Slide 74:

Module Summary

 

Slide 75:

Thank you for completing this module.

Feedback

Please use the Feedback link below to provide us with your thoughts and comments about the value of the training.

Thank you!

↑ Return to top