T3 Webinar Presentation

Is Your Region Ready for BRT? A Los Angeles/New York ITS Peer-to-Peer Exchange (April 16, 2008)

New York State Department of Transportation Statewide Perspective BRT Project Development

Presenter:   Jim Davis
Presenter's Org:   New York State Department of Transportation

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Slide 1: New York State Department of Transportation Statewide Perspective BRT Project Development

Lessons Learned from Los Angeles Site Visit
T3 Webinar
April 16, 2008

Slide 2: Statewide Context

  • New York State Provides $3 Billion in Annual Operating Assistance to Transit Systems
  • An additional $40 M Annually in Capital Assistance to the Non-MTA carriers, including Westchester Bee Line
  • Investment in Transit is a critical State Mobility/Congestion Management, Environmental and Economic Competitiveness Strategy

Slide 3: Outside of NYC – Bus is the Mode

  • Making this investment in transit effective outside of the 5 boroughs of NYC (and even inside the 5 boroughs) Means Making the Bus More Competitive and Attractive Choice
  • LA Site Visit strongly re-enforced that BRT and its component strategies offer very promising opportunities to accomplish the objective of improving the impact of bus transit as a mobility strategy

Slide 4: Who is Planning and Implementing BRT in NYS

  • Westchester…
  • MTA NYC Transit/NYCDOT;
  • Capital District Transportation Authority (CDTA) Central Avenue, Albany
  • NYSDOT – Tappan Zee Bridge EIS includes extensive new corridor BRT network as formal alternative
  • BRT-Lite/implementing BRT components, short of full BRT - Various studies, plans and projects to improve bus corridor operations.

Slide 5: MTA NYC Transit/NYCDOT

  • Transit Signal Priority - Victory Boulevard in Staten Island - operational Fall 2007. 13 signals, key bus corridor feeding Staten Island Ferry Terminal (15% improvement in bus speeds)
  • First BRT Corridor - Fordham Blvd/Pelham Parkway in Bronx – Late June 2008 launch – Corridor w/ TSP at up to 40 signals, 6 minute peak headways, radio emitters communicate request to signal controller.

Slide 6: Capital District Transportation Authority Central Avenue Albany.

  • Central Avenue/State Street From Albany to Schenectady (17 miles, 72 intersections)
  • Route #55 - CDTA’s FLAGSHIP
    • 25% of Riders
    • 5-10 Minute Frequency
  • Long Span
  • Focused Investment for Premium Service
    • 20 paired stations (limited stop operation)
  • Without Dedicated Lanes, Technology gets the "Rapid" into BRT

Slide 7: Technology Components of NY5 BRT

  • Vehicles
    • Priority Corridor for New Technology Deployment
  • Fare Collection (Vending Machines)
  • Stations
    • "Green" focus
      • Solar Powered
    • Customer Information
  • Traffic Signal Priority/Queue Jumpers

Slide 8: NYSDOT/MTA/NYS Thruway – Tappan Zee Bridge EIS

  • EIS for Bridge includes commitment to establishing significantly improved transit alternatives for the corridor.
  • Extensive Corridor BRT network among the alternatives.
  • Multi-County - Suburb-to-Suburb Market
  • Multiple local jurisdictions
  • Detailed BRT Service Plans modeled for Alternatives Analysis.
  • Next Phase of study will include refinement of BRT service options developing more detailed operational, physical design and technology parameters.

Slide 9: BRT-Lite, Transit Signal Priority, etc.

  • Rockland County Route 59 Bus Corridor Operations Study. Identified corridor strategies/projects to improve travel time and customer convenience;
  • Rochester Genesee Transportation Authority and Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority (Buffalo) beginning planning studies investigating bus corridor operational strategies including TSP

Slide 10: NYSDOT Lessons Learned from LA Peer to Peer Site Visit

  • Technical issues regarding TSP:
    • Highly effective maintaining reliable headways
    • Loop Detector based architecture w/ bus intersection check-in and check-out highly effective. Allows precise budgeting of additional green-time to clear bus through intersection (down to 1 second).
    • Headway based priority v. schedule adherence. LA strategy targets routes w/ maximum of 12 minute headways (4 minutes in peak). Software to support this does not need to address schedule adherence. Holding a bus to keep to schedule is not part of the strategy. Keeping the bus moving is the strategy.

Slide 11: NYSDOT Lessons Learned from LA Peer to Peer Site Visit

  • Despite compelling advantages of LA TSP approach, local conditions in NYS may require alternative approaches.
  • Multiple jurisdictions, multiple vintages of traffic signal equipment and multiple traffic engineering departments.
  • 12 Minute or more frequent Headways are not prevalent outside of NYC. Most operators in NY oriented to schedule adherence rather than headway adherence.

Slide 12: NYSDOT Lessons Learned from LA Peer to Peer Site Visit (3)

  • Extent of Land Use impact of BRT not yet clear.
    • Orange Line – w/ separate dedicated right-of-way appears to be having more of a tangible impact, aided by Metro opportunities for Joint Development. (May be comparable to some portions of TZ Market)
    • Red Line Wilshire Blvd Service operates through existing highly developed corridor – impact hard to separate from trend development. (More akin to the settings in NYS where BRT is being investigated)

Slide 13: NYSDOT Lessons Learned from LA Peer to Peer Site Visit (4)

  • Observations/Personal Impressions – the service appears to be a major success:
    • The vehicles, branding, customer information on and off the bus were VERY impressive. Bus arrival displays are fed by agency software rather than vendor product. On-Board active map displays.
    • Mid-day Wilshire Blvd (10:00 AM) and Orange Line (2:00 PM) – Buses were standing room only.

Slide 14: Peer-to-Peer Benefit

  • There was significant value in gathering practitioners and project managers from multiple agencies in NY Metro to witness and discuss their observations of a real-world deployment.
  • NYSDOT intends to leverage this collaboration by facilitating ongoing peer to peer exchange among BRT project managers and practitioners within New York.

Slide 15: Objectives NYS Peer-to-Peer Exchange

  • Facilitate communication and exchange, among NYS Transit operators, regarding technical, planning and operational aspects of BRT and other corridor level bus operational strategies
  • Establish common planning framework for analyzing BRT and priority treatment strategies in key corridors, Building on Westchester, NYC and CDTA approaches.

Slide 16: Contact information

Jim Davis
Urban Systems Section Head
Public Transportation Bureau
New York State DOT
50 Wolf Road
Albany, NY 12232

(518) 457-8343

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