T3 Webinar Presentation

Your Smart Phone is Getting Smarter: Leveraging Open Fare Payment Systems and Mobile Devices (June 29, 2011)

Use of Identity Credentials in Public Transit Fare Payment Systems

Presenter:   Greg Garback
Presenter's Org:   Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (WMATA)

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T3 Webinars are brought to you by the ITS Professional Capacity Building (PCB) Program at the U.S. Department of Transportation's ITS Joint Program Office (JPO), Research and Innovative Technology Administration (RITA).


The slides in this presentation are branded in the upper left corner with the “Metro” logo of the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority.

Slide 1:  Use of Identity Credentials in Public Transit Fare Payment Systems

Professional Capacity Building Program
T3 Webinar
June 29, 2011

Slide 2:  First...Some Definitions

  • PIV —
    • Personal Identity Verification Card
    • Issued to most Executive Branch Federal Employees
      • Including key contractors
  • CAC
    • Common Access Card
    • Issued to DOD's employees in uniform and civilian capacities
      • Including key contractors
  • Smart card-based technology
    • Dual interface chip
    • Logical and physical access

[This slide contains two photographs: a sample Federal Agency Personal Identity Verification Card (PIV) card and a sample DoD CommonAccess Card (CAC).]

Slide 3:  Identity Management Platforms

  • HSPD-12 mandates secure credentials for all federal agencies (FIPS-201, PIV credential)
  • State and local governments and first responders adopting interoperable credentials (PIV-I, FRAC, PIV-C)
  • Commercial industry using compatible platform

[This slide contains three photographs: a sample Federal Agency Personal Identity Verification Card (PIV) card, a sample DoD CommonAccess Card (CAC), and a First Responder Authentication Credential (FRAC) PIV-I (Interoperable).]

Slide 4:  Convergence Opportunity

  • Common technology platform
    • Contactless smart cards
    • ISO 14443 standards
  • Flexible account-based architecture
  • Security demands
  • Mutually beneficial opportunities

[This slide contains three images: a Metro SmartTrip contactless transit fare card, a sample Federal Agency Personal Identity Verification Card (PIV) card, and a collection of logos of some Contactless Payment Cards (Credit, Debit or Pre-paid): American Express, Discover zip, MasterCard PayPass, and Visa.]

Slide 5:  Benefits to Customers and Agencies

  • Customers:
    • More fare payment choices
    • Easy access using employer transit benefits programs
  • Transit agencies:
    • Increase passenger revenues
    • Reduce revenue management costs
  • Federal agencies:
    • End to end controls
      • Satisfy gaps highlighted in GAO audit
    • Reduce administrative cost

Slide 6:  Field Demonstration

  • Proof of concept in Salt Lake City at Utah Transit Authority
  • 6 Federal Agencies, 125 Participants
  • All modes
    • Commuter rail
    • Light rail
    • Buses; local and express
  • Proof of concept concludes September 2011

[This slide contains four images: the Utah Transit Authority logo, and three photographs: a light rail transit, a transit bus, and a commuter rail train.]

Slide 7:  Transit Industry Migration

  • Migrate system architecture
    • Card-based to account-based
    • Modular approach to equipment and systems
    • Aligns with financial market approach
    • Identity credential becomes a transit payment token; think EZPass
  • Multiple agencies advancing new payment platform
    • CTA, SEPTA, WMATA, NYMTA, DART, NJT and others
    • Processing PIV cards is included in system architecture

Slide 8:  Uniform Approach and Solution

  • Standardize technical approach across Federal landscape
    • Pull same data elements over contactless interface
    • Single design solution
    • Assure simplicity and speed of transaction
  • Standardize implementation approach
    • Same look/touch/feel from customer's viewpoint
    • Web interface to track transaction history
  • Assure security; no exchange of PII
    • Apply security standard to data passed over contactless interface

Slide 9:  Summary Points

  • Capitalize on standards-based infrastructure
  • Sizable numbers of PIV cards present in every market
  • Significant market growth using standard credential
  • Account-based system provides tremendous flexibility
  • Cost savings opportunity; grow passenger revenue

Slide 10:  Wrap Up

  • Thank you for participating in today's T3 Webinar
  • For more information:
    Greg Garback....ggarback@wmata.com

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