Resources for Students and Instructors

ITS University Workshop #5
November 8-9, 2017 | Turner-Fairbank Highway Research Center in McLean, Virginia

Day 1 Presentation | November 8, 2017

Role of Connected and Automated Vehicles in Transportation Planning

Presenter: Max Azizi
Presenter’s Org: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)

HTML version of the presentation
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Slide 1: Role of Connected and Automated Vehicles in Transportation Planning

U.S. DOT 5th ITS PCB University Workshop
November 2017

Slide 2: Role of Connected and Automated Vehicles in Transportation Planning

Recent CV/AV Planning Research Projects

  • Incorporating CV/AV in Transportation Planning Processes and Products
  • Scenario Planning for Connected and Automated Vehicles

Slide 3: Incorporating Connected/Automated Vehicles in Transportation Planning

Purpose of the Study
The study aimed to help facilitate the consideration of C/AV in transportation planning processes and products by States, MPOs and local agencies by reviewing:

  1. Impacts on planning processes and products
  2. Impacts on roles and responsibilities
  3. Impacts on tools, techniques and data
  4. Impact on organizational skills and expertise

Slide 4: Impacts on Processes

General Considerations

  • Understand the technology and its dimensions
  • Track technology advancements
  • Understand market penetration & efficacy rates for technology and applications
  • Forge partnership with new stakeholders
  • Utilize ITS approach as a platform for incorporating C/AV in planning processes
  • Incorporate Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC) into arterial and intersection improvement projects and for data gathering
  • Consider data collection opportunities that require small smart technology market penetration
  • Plan to manage “Big Data”

Long Term impacts:

  • Incorporate potential changes in physical infrastructure requirements
  • Considerate shortened project life cycles with more focus on communications
  • Prepare for rapid technology changes
  • Prepare for change in travel behavior & travel patterns and thereby on transportation planning tools and models
  • Plan for multifaceted fleet composition
  • Consider potential impact on transportation, land use, and economy

Slide 5: Impacts on Roles and Responsibilities

Summary of Recommendations

New stakeholders

  • Communications companies
  • Vendors of C/AV equipment and systems
  • Vendors providing data management and analytical services
  • Companies that will provide security
  • Educational institutions
  • New niche organizations that have not yet emerged

New Expertise

  • Data analyst and data “scientist” to manage “Big Data”
  • Hardware, software and communications technology specialists
  • Potential shift of analytical responsibilities from the public sector to the private sector

Slide 6: Impacts on Tools, Techniques and Data

Factors to consider in evaluating the effectiveness of tools

  • Levels of automation
  • Market penetration
  • Efficacy rates
  • Impact on fleet composition
  • Availability of empirical data representing gains in capacity, delay, travel time, speed, and emissions under different market penetration rates

Tools must be revisited and revised to account for

  • Changes in infrastructure criteria
  • Changes in driver behavior
  • New capabilities

Slide 7: Deliverables

Slide 8: Scenario Planning for Connected and Automated Vehicles

Background

  • Scenario planning is a tool used by planner to develop plausible futures and highlights major forces that can shape the future
  • Helps decision makers to prepare for tomorrow

Purpose of the Study

  • Develop several futures
  • Document and describe the process for conducting CV/AV scenario planning

Slide 9: Scenario Planning for Connected and Automated Vehicles

Scope

  • Technology scan
  • Scenario planning workshops
    • Workshop #1 on technology
    • Workshop #2 - Testing Scenario Implications
  • Policy implications
  • Outreach materials

Schedule

  • This study was initiated in December 2016 and will be completed in spring 2018.

Slide 10: Scenario Planning for Connected and Automated Vehicles

Workshops 1

  • Conduct in August 2017
  • Panel of Experts
  • Target Year 2035
  • Focused on Emerging Technology
    • Automation
    • Connectivity
    • Cooperation
  • Developed 6 Scenarios
    • Drivers - External Forces (Market Actions, Consumer Preferences, Innovation)
    • Levers - Internal Actions (Public policies, Infrastructure Investment, Subsidies, Restrictions)

Slide 11: Six Potential CV/AV Scenarios Developed in Workshop #1

  • Enhanced Driving Experience
    • Managed Autonomous Lane Network (AV Lane Networks)
      AV travel is consolidated to a large-scale lane network with significant consumer adoption
    • Ultimate Driver Assist (Ultra-Connectivity)
      AV adoption stalls, CV becomes ubiquitous
  • Slow Roll
    • Slow Roll (Minimal Plausible Change)
      Accounts for advances in safety technology, TMSO, and mobility services
  • Driver Becomes Mobility Customer
    • Niche Service Growth (High AV/CV in certain cases)
      Niche applications for CV/AV dominate the landscape
    • Competing Fleets (Automated TNC fleets compete)
      Level-4 AV is safe for most trips but are dominated by competing fleets
    • RoboTransit (Automated mobility-as-service)
      Strong public-private partnership for system optimization

[This slide contains a diagram of a box with “Trajectories towards CV/AV Advancements: TODAY” inside it. This box is connected with arrows going towards multiple components of future 2035 CV/AV scenarios (Managed Autonomous Lane Network, Ultimate Driver Assist, Slow Roll, Niche Service Growth, Competing Fleets, and RoboTransit). Further image details are listed above.]

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For more information, contact:

Michelle Noch
ITS Professional Capacity Building Program Manager
ITS Joint Program Office
Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology (OST-R)
U.S. Department of Transportation
202-366-0278
Michelle.Noch@dot.gov

 

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