ITS in Academics

ITS University Workshop #5
November 8-9, 2017 | Turner-Fairbank Highway Research Center in McLean, Virginia

Day 1 Presentation | November 8, 2017

What is CV, AV and CAV and What’s in it for Me?

Presenter: Govind Vadakpat
Presenter’s Org: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)

HTML version of the presentation
Image descriptions are contained in brackets. [ ]

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The slides in this presentation include the U.S. DOT logo and the Connected Vehicle Pilot Program logo.

Slide 1: What is CV, AV and CAV and What’s in it for Me?

Govind Vadakpat, FHWA, U.S. DOT

[This slide contains an illustration of a city block which depicts vehicle-to-vehicle communication, public transit, and traffic signals.]

Slide 2: Overview

  • Terminology
    • SAE Levels of Automation
  • Overview of CV Pilot Program Award Site
    • Tampa (THEA) CV Pilot Deployment
  • Planning Considerations for CAV
  • How is this relevant to
    • Students/Researchers
    • Designers
    • Deployment Personnel

Slide 3: SAE Levels of Automation

  • Level 0: There are no autonomous features.
    [Drawing of an early 1900s car]
  • Level 1: These cars can handle one task at a time, like automatic braking.
    [Drawing of acceleration and brake pedals with exclamation points]
  • Level 2: These cars would have at least two automated functions.
    [Drawing of a steering wheel and a directional]
  • Level 3: These cars handle “dynamic driving tasks” but might still need intervention.
    [Drawing of a semi-autonomous vehicle with two benches of people facing each other without an active driver]
  • Level 4: These cars are officially driverless in certain environments.
    [Drawing of a semi-autonomous vehicle with a person in the back seat and no driver present]
  • Level 5: These cars can operate entirely on their own without any driver presence.
    [Drawing of a futuristic car that is fully autonomous, lacking an acceleration pedal, a brake pedal, and a steering wheel]

Slide 4: Connected Vehicle Pilot Program

[This slide contains a sequential diagram of illustrations that represent the Program Goals. Each goal (Spur Early CV Tech Deployment, Measure Deployment Benefits, and Resolve Deployment Issues) has three sub-goals, each with its own illustration creating large arrows that feed into the next goal. Accelerating Deployment of Connected Vehicles and the various sub-categories. There is also another diagram of the Three Phases of Connected Vehicle Pilot Deployment (Concept Development, Design/Build/Test, and Maintain/Operate Pilot). There are Progress Gate symbols between each box indicating that these phases go back and forth. Finally, these phases end up flowing into a final box for Routine Operations, with a double-ended Transition arrow. This slide also has a vertical strip of three icons for the Three Connected Vehicle Pilot Sites: WYDOT, New York City DOT, and Tampa Hillsborough Expressway Authority.]

Slide 5: Tampa (THEA) Pilot Deployment Site | An Overview of Downtown Tampa

[This slide has a simple map showing a section of Downtown Tampa. The features of the Pilot Deployment Site are highlighted in text bubbles and color-coded.]

Slide 6: Participants

  • 1,600 Privately Owned Vehicles
    [Photo of a car driving along a road]
  • 500+ Pedestrian Smartphones (Android devices only)
    [Photo of a pedestrian using a smartphone]
  • 10 TECO Line Streetcar Trolleys
    [Photo of a streetcar]
  • 10 Hillsborough Area Regional Transit (HART) buses
    [Photo of a transit bus with a bicycle mounted on the front]

Slide 7: Connected Vehicle Applications 1 of 2

Application Description
End of Ramp Deceleration Warning (ERDW) Alerts driver approaching curve with speed safety warning
Emergency Electronic Brake Light (EEBL) Enables broadcast to surrounding vehicles of severe braking
Forward Collision Warning (FCW) Warns driver of impending collision ahead in same lane
Intersection Movement Assist (IMA) Indicates unsafe (i.e., wrong way) entry into an intersection
Intelligent Traffic Signal System (I-SIG) Adjusts signal timing for optimal flow along with PED-SIG and TSP
Probe Date Enabled Traffic Monitoring (PDETM) Uses vehicles as probes to calculate travel times
Transit Signal Priority (TSP) Allows transit vehicle to request and receive priority at a traffic signal
Vehicle Turning Right in Front of a Transit Vehicle (VTRFTV) Alerts transit vehicle driver that a car is attempting to turn right in front of the transit vehicle
Wrong Way Entry Warns driver of potential and actual Wrong Way travel direction

Slide 8: Connected Vehicle Applications 2 of 2

Application Description
Pedestrian Collision Warning (PCW) Alerts vehicle to the presence of pedestrian in a crosswalk
Application (Pedestrian Safety) Description (Single pedestrian application)
Pedestrian in a Crosswalk Vehicle Warning (Ped-X) Calculates the path trajectory of the pedestrian and approaching vehicles and logs an event if a potential conflict is identified.
Pedestrian Mobility (PED-SIG) Gives pedestrians priority with signal phase and timing
Pedestrian Transit Movement Warning (PTMW) Provides informational warnings to pedestrians that a bus or streetcar is starting up/stopping at an intersection

Slide 9: HMI Photos

Mirror display uses sticker to depict location and concept of warning.
Actual image is still in development
Source: Brand Motion and Global 5

[This slide has three photos of rear-view mirrors, each highlighting a different informational signal (Brake Ahead, Speed Limit, and Current Speed Against Safe Curve Speed).]

Slide 10: Component Locations

[This slide contains a diagram of a car highlighting the location of new technology components: rearview mirror (displays safety messages and issues audio alerts), antennas (send and receive data), and short range radio (unit in trunk communicates with other equipped cars, traffic signals, crosswalks, and more to prevent crashes and keep traffic moving).]

Slide 11: Planning Considerations

  • Self Driving will happen
    • The most important question is not how they will happen but what are you going to do about it?
  • Time is now to get prepared/develop forecasts and study the impacts of CV/AV
    • How will this impact land use
    • What happens to VMT
    • How will this impact Transit
    • How do we retool our modeling procedures
  • Capacity expansion may the thing of the past
  • Impacts of Shared Economy
  • Challenge to Planners: Where to Invest!

Slide 12: Workforce Development Needs – Transportation Planners

  • Transportation Planners
    • Societal Trends
    • Technological Trends
    • Mobility and Environmental Trends
  • Analyses tools to study the impacts of all the changes
  • Development of benefit cost analyses
  • Guidance for capital programs/projects with CAV

Slide 13: Workforce Development Needs – Students/Researchers

  • Researchers
    • Technological Trends
    • Mobility and Environmental Trends
  • Sensor fusion
  • Data Analytics
  • Control Theory
  • Wireless Communications
  • Computer Security
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Blockchain Technology

Slide 14: Workforce Development Needs – Design Engineers

  • Traffic Operations Engineers
    • Societal Trends
    • Technological Trends
    • Mobility and Environmental Trends
  • Computer networking concepts
  • Data Analytics
  • Wired/wireless Communications
  • Computer programming (Python)
  • Systems Engineering/Agile project management
  • ITS Designers
    • DSRC Training (CVP)
    • Wireless Security
    • IoT Security
    • Smartphone Applications/Security

Slide 15: Workforce Development Needs – Deployment Personnel

  • Vehicle Maintenance Issues
    • Aftermarket equipment connected to ODE-2 port
    • OEM Equipment connected to CAN Bus
    • FIPS 140-2 Level 2/3 HSMs
    • Antenna Replacements
    • Non-CV Aftermarket Device Interference
  • Security/Privacy Issues
    • OEM Line Staff Training
    • Interoperability Among Makes/Models - SCMS
  • Dealership sales/Service Staff Training Programs
  • Parts Suppliers/Retailer Staff Training
  • Collision Repair Facilities Staff Training

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For more information, contact:

Michelle Noch
ITS Professional Capacity Building Program Manager
ITS Joint Program Office
Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology (OST-R)
U.S. Department of Transportation



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